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Definition of dumping
selling products abroad at lower prices than those
Cumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders'
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
markets for long-term financing.
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
Covariance of a national economy's rate of return and the rate of return the world economy
The ability of the national economy to generate enough foreign exchange to meet
Level of political and economic uncertainty in a country affecting the value of loans or
A type of active international management that measures the contribution to performance
markets for derivative instruments.
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
Financial markets in which security prices rapidly reflect all relevant information about asset values.
The hypothesis that securities are typically in equilibrium--that they are fairly priced in the sense that the price reflects all publicly available information on the security.
The financial markets of developing economies.
Federal Home Loan Banks
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
markets in which financial assets are traded.
Government bonds that are acceptable at par in payment of federal estate taxes when owned by
Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
A Congressionally chartered corporation that
Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae)
A wholly owned U.S. government corporation
Gross National Product
Total output of final goods and services produced by a country's citizens during a year.
Gross national product (GNP)
Measures and economy's total income. It is equal to GDP plus the income
Sale of some shares of stock to get cash that would be similar to receiving a cash dividend.
Idea that as long as individuals borrow (or lend) on the same terms as the firm, they can
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD or World Bank
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development makes loans at nearly conventional terms to countries for projects of high
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International Banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
A collective term that refers to global bonds, Eurobonds, and foreign bonds.
International Depository Receipt (IDR)
A receipt issued by a bank as evidence of ownership of one or more
The attempt to reduce risk by investing in the more than one nation. By
International finance subsidiary
A subsidiary incorporated in the U.S., usually in Delaware, whose sole
International Fisher effect
States that the interest rate differential between two countries should be an
international Fisher effect
Theory that real interest rates in all countries should be equal, with differences in nominal rates reflecting differences in expected inflation.
A mutual fund that can invest only outside the United States.
A mutual fund that can invest in securities issued anywhere outside of Canada.
Related: See external market.
International Monetary Fund
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization originally established to manage the postwar fixed exchange rate system.
International Monetary Market (IMM)
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
See foreign exchange reserves.
London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE)
A London exchange where Eurodollar futures
London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE)
London exchange where Eurodollar futures as well as futures-style options are traded.
Lower of cost or market
An accounting valuation rule that is used to reduce the
The amount of money that a willing buyer pays to acquire something from a willing seller,
A firm that operates in more than one country.
The debt owed by the government as a result of earlier borrowing to finance budget deficits. That part of the debt not held by the central bank is the publically held national debt.
National Futures Association (NFA)
The futures industry self regulatory organization established in 1982.
GDP with some adjustments to remove items that do not make it into anyone's hands as income, such as indirect taxes and depreciation. Loosely speaking, it is interpreted as being equal to GDP.
National Income and Product Accounts
The national accounting system that records economic activity such as GDP and related measures.
Related: internal market
Private saving plus public saving. That part of national income which is not spent on consumption goods or government spending.
A government takeover of a private company.
markets in which each transaction is separately negotiated between buyer and seller (i.e.
Net National Product
GNP minus depreciation.
Optimum selling price
The price at which profit is maximized, which takes into account the cost behaviour of fixed and variable costs and the relationship between price and demand for a product/service.
A cluster of accounts that are listed after fixed assets on the balance sheet,
In the balance of payments, other capital is a residual category that groups all the capital
Other current assets
Value of non-cash assets, including prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, due
Other long term liabilities
Value of leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes and other obligations
Amount of funds generated during the period from operations by sources other than
Other-than-Temporary Decline in Market Value
The standard used to describe a decline in market value that is not expected to recover. The use of the other-than-temporary description as
Perfectly competitive financial markets
markets in which no trader has the power to change the price of
Price of a share of common stock on the date shown. Highs and lows are based on the highest and
Publicly Held National Debt
See national debt.
Sales Revenue Revenue recognized from the sales of products as opposed to the provision of
What was spent to run the sales part of a company, such as sales salaries, travel, meals, and lodging for salespeople, and advertising.
All banks involved in selling or marketing a new issue of stock or bonds
Selling price variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for
If an investor thinks the price of a stock is going down, the investor could borrow the stock from
Establishing a market position by selling a security one does not own in anticipation of the price
SIMEX (Singapore International Monetary Exchange)
A leading futures and options exchange in Singapore.
Single country fund
A mutual fund that invests in individual countries outside the United States.
SPECIFIC INVOICE PRICES
An inventory valuation method in which a company values the items in its ending inventory based
Related: cash markets
Stock that has fallen out of favor with investors; tends to have a low P/E (price to earnings ratio).
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