Financial Terms
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Information about financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit.


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Financial Terms Main Page

This site contains comprehensive definitions for a wide range of terms that cover topics such as financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit...

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Monthly Financial Term Picks:

Availability float

Checks deposited by a company that have not yet been cleared.

Break-even analysis

An analysis of the level of sales at which a project would make zero profit.


A wire transfer system for high-value payments operated by the Federal Reserve System.

Informational efficiency

The speed and accuracy with which prices reflect new information.


Investment through a financial institution. Related: disintermediation.

Options contract

A contract that, in exchange for the option price, gives the option buyer the right, but not
the obligation, to buy (or sell) a financial asset at the exercise price from (or to) the option seller within a
specified time period, or on a specified date (expiration date).


Price level established as being significant by market's failure to penetrate or as being significant when
a sudden increase in volume accompanies the move through the price level.

Poison put

A covenant allowing the bondholder to demand repayment in the event of a hostile merger.

book value and book value per share

Generally speaking, these terms
refer to the balance sheet value of an asset (or less often of a liability) or
the balance sheet value of owners’ equity per share. Either term emphasizes
that the amount recorded in the accounts or on the books of a business
is the value being used. The total of the amounts reported for
owners’ equity in its balance sheet is divided by the number of stock
shares of a corporation to determine the book value per share of its capital

deferred compensation

pay related to current performance
that will be received at a later time, typically after retirement


the total completed and sold output of a plant during a period

Selling price variance

The difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for
a product, multiplied by the actual number of units sold.

callable bond

Bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.


The number of times during a year that the money supply turns over in supporting that year's economic activity, measured as the ratio of nominal income to the money supply.

Valuation Date

Date on which valuation occurs.






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