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Financial Terms Main Page

This site contains comprehensive definitions for a wide range of terms that cover topics such as financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit...

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Monthly Financial Term Picks:

Carring costs

Costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.


One-way market

1) A market in which only one side, the bid or asked, is quoted or firm.
2) A market that is moving strongly in one direction.


Personal tax view (of capital structure)

The argument that the difference in personal tax rates between
income from debt and income from equity eliminates the disadvantage from the double taxation (corporate
and personal) of income from equity.


Swaption

Options on interest rate swaps. The buyer of a swaption has the right to enter into an interest rate
swap agreement by some specified date in the future. The swaption agreement will specify whether the buyer
of the swaption will be a fixed-rate receiver or a fixed-rate payer. The writer of the swaption becomes the
counterparty to the swap if the buyer exercises.


Time-weighted rate of return

Related: Geometric mean return.


Contributed capital

The amount put into the business by the owners by purchasing stock and by paying more than the par value for the stock (additional paid-in capital or capital in excess of par).



Perpetual inventory system

An inventory system in which the balance in the Inventory account is adjusted for the units sold each time a sale is made.


target costing

a method of determining what the cost of a
product should be based on the product’s estimated selling
price less the desired profit


Capital asset

A fixed asset, something that is expected to have long-term usage within
a company, and which exceeds a minimum dollar amount (known as the capitalization
limit, or cap limit).


general cash offer

Sale of securities open to all investors by an already-public company.


net worth

Book value of common stockholders’ equity plus preferred stock.


Microeconomics

The study of firm and individual decisions insofar as they affect the allocation and distribution of goods and services.


Clear Card

A credit card from which payments are deducted over subsequent time periods.


Product

Any item intended for sale.


Shareholder

Owner of one or more shares of stock in a corporation.


 

 

 

 

 



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