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Financial Terms Main Page

This site contains comprehensive definitions for a wide range of terms that cover topics such as financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit...

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Monthly Financial Term Picks:

Book

A banker or trader's positions.


Electronic data interchange (EDI)

The exchange of information electronically, directly from one firm's
computer to another firm's computer, in a structured format.


Extendable notes

Note the maturity of which can be extended by mutual agreement of the issuer and
investors.


Floater

Floating rate bond.


Funding ratio

The ratio of a pension plan's assets to its liabilities.


Funds From Operations (FFO)

Used by real estate and other investment trusts to define the cash flow from
trust operations. It is earnings with depreciation and amortization added back. A similar term increasingly
used is Funds Available for Distribution (FAD), which is FFO less capital investments in trust property and
the amortization of mortgages.



Monitor

To seek information about an agent's behavior; a device that provides such information.


U.S. Treasury bond

U.S. government debt with a maturity of more than 10 years.


Semi-fixed costs

Costs that are constant within a defined level of activity but that can increase or decrease when
activity reaches upper and lower levels.


Liquidation Value

The net proceeds (after taxes and expenses) of selling the assets
of a company at fair market prices


market risk premium

Risk premium of market portfolio. Difference between market return and return on risk-free Treasury bills.


put option

Right to sell an asset at a specified exercise price on or before the exercise date.


Provision for Doubtful Accounts

An operating expense recorded when the allowance for
doubtful accounts is increased to accommodate an increase in uncollectible accounts receivable.


Inventory adjustment

A transaction used to adjust the book balance of an inventory
record to the amount actually on hand.


Intermediary

An independent third party that may act as a mediator during negotiations.


 

 

 

 

 



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