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Definition of Short
One who has sold a contract to establish a market position and who has not yet closed out this position
If an investor thinks the price of a stock is going down, the investor could borrow the stock from
Bonds with short current maturities.
See: unmatched book.
The sale of a futures contract(s) to eliminate or lessen the possible decline in value ownership of
This is the total number of shares of a security that investors have borrowed, then sold in the
Occurs when a person sells stocks he or she does not yet own. Shares must be borrowed,
The sale of an investment, particularly by someone who does not yet own it.
The annualized one-period interest rate.
Events and decisions concerning the short-term finance of a firm, such as
Selling a security that the seller does not own but is committed to repurchasing eventually. It is
The sale of a security or financial instrument not
Establishing a market position by selling a security one does not own in anticipation of the price
A situation in which a lack of supply tends to force prices upward.
A straddle in which one put and one call are sold.
A financial plan that covers the coming fiscal year.
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
Short-term solvency ratios
Ratios used to judge the adequacy of liquid assets for meeting short-term
Short-term tax exempts
short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
Costs that fall with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
Costs incurred from shortages in current assets.
The risk of falling short of any investment target.
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
short-term, non-interest-bearing liabilities of a business
Acurrent liability on the balance sheet, representing short-term obligations
short-term, non-interest-bearing debts owed to a
A current asset on the balance sheet, representing short-term
accrued expenses payable
The account that records the short-term, noninterest-
acid test ratio (also called the quick ratio)
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
Aggregate Supply Curve
Combinations of price level and income for which the labor market is in equilibrium. The short-run aggregate supply curve incorporates information and price/wage inflexibilities in the labor market, whereas the long-run aggregate supply curve does not.
1) When bond yields and prices fall, the market is said to back-up.
A short-term credit investment created by a non-financial firm and guaranteed by a
A method of pricing options or other equity derivatives in
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
A short term loan to cover the immediate cash requirements until permanent financing is received.
The large clearing banks that dominate deposit taking and short-term lending in the domestic
a mission of increasing market share, even at
Building a binomial tree
For a binomial option model: plotting the two
To cover, offset or close out a short position. Related: evening up, liquidation.
List of new issues scheduled to come to market shortly.
The makeup of the liabilities and stockholders' equity side of the balance sheet, especially
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The balance in a company’s checking account(s) plus short-term or temporary investments (sometimes called “marketable securities”), which are highly liquid.
A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Shipments of product to distributors who are encouraged to overbuy under
Clear a position
To eliminate a long or short position, leaving no ownership or obligation.
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to reduce or eliminate a short position in
short-term unsecured promissory notes issued by a corporation. The maturity of
short-term unsecured notes issued by firms.
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
The purchase of a contract to offset a previously established short position.
A short call option position in which the writer owns the number of shares of the underlying
A put option position in which the option writer also is short the corresponding stock or has
Typically the cash, accounts receivable, and inventory accounts on the
Current refers to cash and those assets that will be turned
Current means that these liabilities require payment in
This is typically the accounts payable, short-term notes payable, and
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
Calculated to assess the short-term solvency, or debt-paying
Current assets divided by current liabilities. This ratio indicates the extent to which the claims of short-term creditors are covered by assets expected to be converted to cash in the near future.
The written notice given by the seller of his intention to make delivery against an open, short
Demand master notes
short-term securities that are repayable immediately upon the holder's demand.
Insurance that pays you an ongoing income if you become disabled and are unable to pursue employment or business activities. There are limits to how much you can receive based on your pre-disability earnings. Rates will vary based on occupational duties and length of time in a particular industry. This kind of coverage has a waiting period before you can begin collecting benefits, usually 30, 60 or 90 days. The benefit paying period also varies from 2 years to age 65. A short waiting period will cost more that a longer waiting period. As well, a long benefit paying period will cost more than a short benefit paying period.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
a cost that is periodically reviewed by a
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
short-term notes with maturities up to 360 days that are issued by companies in
short- to medium-term debt instrument sold in the Eurocurrency market.
A short-term fixed rate time deposit denominated in a currency other than the local
a short-run concept that represents the
Federal funds market
The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
A cost that does not vary in the short run, irrespective of changes in any
fixed expenses (costs)
Expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
Flat price risk
Taking a position either long or short that does not involve spreading.
Flattening of the yield curve
A change in the yield curve where the spread between the yield on a long-term
Floating-rate note (FRN)
Note whose interest payment varies with short-term interest rates.
Preferred stock paying dividends that vary with short-term interest rates.
Security paying dividends or interest that vary with short-term interest rates.
Foreign exchange risk
The risk that a long or short position in a foreign currency might have to be closed out
A shortened version of the Form 940.
GEMs (growing-equity mortgages)
Mortgages in which annual increases in monthly payments are used to
a mission that attempts to maximize shortterm
A fund that may employ a variety of techniques to enhance returns, such as both buying and
A portfolio consisting of the long position in the stock and the short position in the call
A strategy designed to reduce investment risk using call options, put options, short selling, or futures
A financial chart usually used to plot the high, low,
International Monetary Fund
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
A secured short-term loan to purchase inventory. The three basic forms are a blanket
A shortfall between inventory based on actual physical counts and inventory
Theory that says a country's trade deficit will initially worsen after its currency depreciates because
Lifting a leg
Closing out one side of a long-short arbitrage before the other is closed.
Asset that is easily and cheaply turned into cash - notably cash itself and short-term securities.
When a firm's business is terminated, assets are sold, proceeds pay creditors and any leftovers
The ease with which assets or securities can be sold for cash on
Ease with which an asset can be sold on short notice at a fair price.
Forward rate minus expected future short-term interest rate.
Ratios that measure a firm's ability to meet its short-term financial obligations on time.
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