|Short-term investment services|
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Definition of Short-term investment services
Short-term investment services
services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.
Refers to various techniques and procedures
Money used to purchase fixed assets for a business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.
A measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and
a measure of dispersion that
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash
Withdrawal of funds from a financial institution in order to invest them directly.
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
Through equity investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity investment is corporate stock.
A non-underwritten Euronote issued directly to the market. Euro-
The return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset
Institutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or
Firm that raises money from many small investors and provides financing to businesses or other
Any institution, such as a bank, that takes deposits from savers and loans them to borrowers.
The process whereby financial intermediaries channel funds from lender/savers to borrower/spenders.
Optional periods of time which the conditions of a contract will be carried out.
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
Future investment opportunities
The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
guaranteed investment certificate (GIC)
A GIC is an investment that gives you a guaranteed rate of return over a fixed period of time, usually between 30 days and 5 years. GICs are available from banks, trust companies, and other financial institutions.
Guaranteed investment contract (GIC)
A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
Organizations that furnish investment and other types of information, such as
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
An independent third party that may act as a mediator during negotiations.
A good used in producing another good.
Typically 1-10 years.
investment through a financial institution. Related: disintermediation.
The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
Related: financial analysts
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
a responsibility center in which the manager
A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
a judgment about which assets will be
Decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
Bonds rated Baa or above by Moody’s or BBB or above by Standard & Poor’s.
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
Investment product line (IPML)
The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
Expenditures on capital goods including new housing. Financial ''investments" and sales of existing assets are not included.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
A closed-end fund regulated by the investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
Liquidity theory of the term structure
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the implied forward
In accounting information, one year or greater.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
An obligation having a maturity of more than one year from the date it was issued. Also
A debt for which payments will be required for a period of more than
Long Term Debt
Liability due in a year or more.
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
Long-term financial plan
Financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
Amount owed for leases, bond repayment and other items due after 1 year.
Bills that are payable in more than one year, such as a mortgage or bonds.
Amounts owing after more than one year.
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
Assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
A corporate debt instrument that is continuously offered to investors over a period of
Mutually exclusive investment decisions
investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
investment spending minus depreciation.
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Include such things as freight, insurance, passenger services, and travel.
Other long term liabilities
Value of leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes and other obligations
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
Passive investment strategy
See: passive management.
the process of gathering information
predetermined overhead rate
an estimated constant charge per unit of activity used to assign overhead cost to production or services of the period; it is calculated by dividing total budgeted annual overhead at a selected level of volume or activity by that selected measure of volume or activity; it is also the standard overhead application rate
qualified investments (Canada)
Qualified investments is the term used for investments that can be held in an RSP. These investments generally include:
Regular Investment Plan (RIP)
A plan under which you may make regular deposits of the same amount to your Mutual Funds account once a month, once every 2 weeks, or once a week. You can also make regular deposits up to four times a month on any dates you choose.
an assumption made about the rates of return that will be earned by intermediate cash flows from a capital project; NPV and PI assume reinvestment at the discount rate; IRR assumes reinvestment at the IRR
The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
REIT (real estate investment trust)
Real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)
A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
The length of time given a borrower by a lender to repay a debt and the frequency of principal payments which the borrower has to meet.
return on investment
a ratio that relates income generated
Return on investment (ROI)
Generally, book income as a proportion of net book value.
RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)
In its most basic form, the rate of return equals net income divided by the amount of money invested. It can be applied to a particular product or piece of equipment, or to a business as a whole.
Return on investment (ROI)
The net profit after tax as a percentage of the shareholders’ investment in the business.
return on investment (ROI)
A very general concept that refers to some
If an investor thinks the price of a stock is going down, the investor could borrow the stock from
One who has sold a contract to establish a market position and who has not yet closed out this position
Bonds with short current maturities.
See: unmatched book.
The sale of a futures contract(s) to eliminate or lessen the possible decline in value ownership of
This is the total number of shares of a security that investors have borrowed, then sold in the
Occurs when a person sells stocks he or she does not yet own. Shares must be borrowed,
The sale of an investment, particularly by someone who does not yet own it.
The annualized one-period interest rate.
Short-run operating activities
Events and decisions concerning the short-term finance of a firm, such as
Selling a security that the seller does not own but is committed to repurchasing eventually. It is
Short sale, short position
The sale of a security or financial instrument not
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