|Fixed-charge coverage ratio
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Definition of Fixed-charge coverage ratio
Fixed-charge coverage ratio
A measure of a firm's ability to meet its fixed-charge obligations: the ratio of
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio
A measure of how well a company is able to meet its fixed
ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
The signal-to-noise ratio of an analyst's forecasts. The ratio of alpha to residual standard
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
A bond indenture restriction that permits additional borrowing on if the ratio of assets to
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
Contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC)
The formal name for the load of a back-end load fund.
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
The number of shares of common stock that the security holder will receive from
A legal "person" that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is allowed to own
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
Customary payout ratios
A range of payout ratios that is typical based on an analysis of comparable firms.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Indicator of financial leverage. Compares assets provided by creditors to assets provided
Total debt divided by total assets.
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
The date on which a firm's directors meet and announce the date and amount of the next
Dividend payout ratio
Percentage of earnings paid out as dividends.
The product of modified duration and the initial price.
Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
A common gauge of the price sensitivity of an asset or portfolio to a change in interest rates.
Earnings retention ratio
Specialized banking institutions, authorized and chartered by the Federal Reserve Board
The duration calculated using the approximate duration formula for a bond with an
The percentage of the assets that were spent to run a mutual fund (as of the last annual
The time when the option contract ceases to exist (expires).
An expiration cycle relates to the dates on which options on a particular security expire. A
The last day (in the case of American-style) or the only day (in the case of European-style)
Feasible target payout ratios
Payout ratios that are consistent with the availability of excess funds to make
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A federal institution that insures bank deposits.
Financial leverage ratios
Related: capitalization ratios.
The result of dividing one financial statement item by another. ratios help analysts interpret
Fisher's separation theorem
The firm's choice of investments is separate from its owner's attitudes towards
Long-lived property owned by a firm that is used by a firm in the production of its income.
Fixed asset turnover ratio
The ratio of sales to fixed assets.
A cost that is fixed in total for a given period of time and for given production levels.
Annuity contracts in which the insurance company or issuing financial institution pays a
In the Euromarket the standard periods for which Euros are traded (1 month out to a year out) are
Conventional bonds for which the coupon rate is set as a fixed percentage of the par value.
A nonnegotiable debt security that can be redeemed at some fixed price or according to
A country's decision to tie the value of its currency to another country's currency, gold
Also called a busted convertible, a convertible security that is trading like a straight
Assets that pay a fixed-dollar amount, such as bonds and preferred stock.
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
Fixed price basis
An offering of securities at a fixed price.
Fixed-price tender offer
A one-time offer to purchase a stated number of shares at a stated fixed price,
A loan on which the rate paid by the borrower is fixed for the life of the loan.
In an interest rate swap the counterparty who pays a fixed rate, usually in exchange for a
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 that
Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
A Congressionally chartered corporation that
The ratio of a pension plan's assets to its liabilities.
Funds From Operations (FFO)
Used by real estate and other investment trusts to define the cash flow from
Hard capital rationing
Capital rationing that under no circumstances can be violated.
Hedge ratio (delta)
The ratio of volatility of the portfolio to be hedged and the return of the volatility of the
Income statement (statement of operations)
A statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the
Interest coverage ratio
The ratio of the earnings before interest and taxes to the annual interest expense. This
Interest coverage test
A debt limitation that prohibits the issuance of additional long-term debt if the issuer's
Irrational call option
The implied call imbedded in the MBS. Identified as irrational because the call is
Measures of the relative contribution of stockholders and creditors, and of the firm's ability
ratios that measure a firm's ability to meet its short-term financial obligations on time.
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
Low price-earnings ratio effect
The tendency of portfolios of stocks with a low price-earnings ratio to
ratios that measure a firm's ability to meet its short-term financial obligations on time.
The weighted-average term to maturity of the cash flows from the bond, where the
Market value ratios
ratios that relate the market price of the firm's common stock to selected financial
Market price of a share divided by book value per share.
The ratio of Macaulay duration to (1 + y), where y = the bond yield. Modified duration is
A modification of standard duration to account for the impact on duration of MBSs of
Mortgage-Backed Securities Clearing Corporation
A wholly owned subsidiary of the Midwest Stock
A firm that operates in more than one country.
A situation in which the price of the MBS moves in the same direction as interest rates.
A cost, such as depreciation, depletion, and amortization, that does not involve any cash outflow.
Purchase or sale of government securities by the monetary authorities to increase or
Open-market purchase operation
A systematic program of repurchasing shares of stock in market
Operationally efficient market
Also called an internally efficient market, one in which investors can obtain
P/E ratio (PE ratio / multiple)
Assume XYZ Co. sells for $25.50 per share and has earned $2.55 per share this year; $25. 50 = 10
Generally, the proportion of earnings paid out to the common stockholders as cash dividends.
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC)
A federal agency that insures the vested benefits of
Portfolio separation theorem
An investor's choice of a risky investment portfolio is separate from his
A type of corporation permitted under the U.S. tax code whereby a branch operation
Compares a stock's market value to the value of total assets less total liabilities (book
Price/earnings ratio (PE ratio)
Shows the "multiple" of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
Private Export Funding Corporation (PEFCO)
Company that mobilizes private capital for financing the
ratios that focus on the profitability of the firm. Profit margins measure performance
Public Securities Administration (PSA)
The trade association for primary dealers in U.S. government
Q ratio or Tobin's Q ratio
Market value of a firm's assets divided by replacement value of the firm's assets.
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