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Definition of Asset-coverage test
A bond indenture restriction that permits additional borrowing on if the ratio of assets to
A test used to determine the status of an employee under a state unemployment
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
See quick ratio
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the selling firm's assets.
Any possession that has value in an exchange.
A resource, recorded through a transaction, that is expected to yield a benefit to a
Something that is owned; a financial claim or a piece of property that is a store of value.
Probable future economic benefit that is obtained or controlled by an entity as a result of
Anything owned by, or owed to, an individual or business which has commercial or exchange value (e.g., cash, property, etc.).
All things of value owned by an individual or organization.
Ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The decision regarding how an institution's funds should be distributed among the
Bond or note secured by assets of company.
A security that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
Categories of assets, such as stocks, bonds, real estate and foreign securities.
Extent to which a company's net assets cover a particular debt obligation, class of preferred stock, or equity position.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
Asset for asset swap
Creditors exchange the debt of one defaulting borrower for the debt of another
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
The weighting of assets in an investment portfolio among different asset classes (e.g. shares, bonds, property, cash, overseas investments.
Asset pricing model
A model for determining the required rate of return on an asset.
Asset pricing model
A model, such as the Capital asset Pricing Model (CAPM), that determines the required
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
A firm's investing in assets that are riskier than those that the debtholders expected.
Asset substitution problem
Arises when the stockholders substitute riskier assets for the firm's existing
An interest rate swap used to alter the cash flow characteristics of an institution's assets so as to
The ratio of net sales to total assets.
a ratio measuring asset productivity and showing the number of sales dollars generated by each dollar of assets
asset turnover ratio
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
A firm's productive resources.
Anything of value that a company owns.
Things that the business owns.
Items owned by the company or expenses that have been paid for but have not been used up.
A common element of a financial plan that describes projected capital spending and the
The requirement that a claim holder voting against a plan of reorganization
an asset used to generate revenues or cost savings
A fixed asset, something that is expected to have long-term usage within
Capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
An economic theory that describes the relationship between risk and
Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
A model for estimating equilibrium rates of return and values of
capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
Theory of the relationship between risk and return which states that the expected risk
Capitalized Cost An expenditure or accrual that is reported as an asset to be amortized against
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
An offset to an asset account that reduces the balance of the asset account.
Ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
Typically the cash, accounts receivable, and inventory accounts on the
Value of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, marketable securities and other assets that
Cash, things that will be converted into cash within a year (such as accounts receivable), and inventory.
Amounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments.
Current refers to cash and those assets that will be turned
Cash and other company assets that can be readily turned into cash within one year.
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
Dynamic asset allocation
An asset allocation strategy in which the asset mix is mechanistically shifted in
Exchange of assets
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its assets in exchange for cash or stock.
A set of requirements for a plan of reorganization to be approved by the bankruptcy court.
Claims on real assets.
Claims to the income generated by real assets. Also called securities.
First To Die Coverage
This means that there are two or more life insured on the same policy but the death benefit is paid out on the first death only. If two or more persons at the same address are purchasing life insurance at the same time, it is wise to compare the cost of this kind of coverage with individual policies having a multiple policy discount.
Long-lived property owned by a firm that is used by a firm in the production of its income.
An item with a longevity greater than one year, and which exceeds a company’s
Fixed asset turnover ratio
The ratio of sales to fixed assets.
Things that the business owns and are part of the business infrastructure – fixed assets may be
An informal term that refers to the variety of long-term operating
Land, buildings, plant, equipment, and other assets acquired for carrying on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year. Normally expressed in financial accounts at cost, less accumulated depreciation.
Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
A measure of the utilization of a company's fixed assets to
Fixed-charge coverage ratio
A measure of a firm's ability to meet its fixed-charge obligations: the ratio of
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio
A measure of how well a company is able to meet its fixed
This clause in regular life insurance policy provides for voiding the contract of insurance for up to two years from the date of issue of the coverage if the life insured has failed to disclose important information or if there has been a misrepresentation of a material fact which would have prevented the coverage from being issued in the first place. After the end of two years from issue, a misrepresentation of smoking habits or age can still void or change the policy.
A legal claim to some future benefit, typically a claim to future cash. Goodwill, intellectual
A nonphysical asset with a life greater than one year. Examples are
assets owned by the company that do not possess physical substance; they usually take the form of rights and privileges such as patents, copyrights, and franchises.
Intangible fixed assets
Non-physical assets, e.g. customer goodwill or intellectual property (patents and trademarks).
Interest coverage ratio
The ratio of the earnings before interest and taxes to the annual interest expense. This
Interest coverage test
A debt limitation that prohibits the issuance of additional long-term debt if the issuer's
This means dying without a will, in which case the provincial laws of the province in which the death occurred apply to the manner in which assets will be distributed. In other words, if you don't write your own will, the government will do it for you after your death and it may not be as you would have wished.
Last To Die Coverage
This means that there are two or more life insured on the same policy but the death benefit is paid out on the last person to die. The cost of this type of coverage is much less than a first to die policy and it is generally used to protect estate value for children where there might be substantial capital gains taxes due upon the death of the last parent. This kind of policy is also valuable when one of two people covered has health problems which would prohibit obtaining individual coverage.
Limitation on asset dispositions
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to sell major assets.
asset that is easily and cheaply turned into cash - notably cash itself and short-term securities.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
net asset value
The value of all the holdings of a mutual fund, less the fund's liabilities.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
A tangible asset with unique physical properties, like a parcel of land, a mine, or a
A cluster of accounts that are listed after fixed assets on the balance sheet,
Other current assets
Value of non-cash assets, including prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, due
assets, the title of which are held personally rather than in the name of some other legal entity.
Policy asset allocation
A long-term asset allocation method, in which the investor seeks to assess an
Preferred Stock Stock that has a claim on assets and dividends of a corporation that are prior
to that of common stock. Preferred stock typically does not carry the right to vote.
A battle for the control of a firm in which the dissident group seeks, from the firm's other
Takeover attempt in which outsiders compete with management for shareholders’ votes. Also called proxy fight.
Publicly traded assets
assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market.
Any asset that can be converted into cash on short notice. This is a subset
Current assets minus inventories.
RATE OF RETURN ON TOTAL ASSETS
The percentage return or profit that management made on each dollar of assets. The formula is:
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