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Definition of Value Added
The value of a firm's output less the value of intermediate goods bought from other firms.
an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge
a measure of the extent to which income exceeds the dollar cost of capital; calculated
Term used by the consulting firm Stern Stewart for profit remaining after deduction of the cost
Market value of equity minus book value.
an activity that increases the time spent on a product or service but that does not increase its worth or value to the customer
Method of indirect taxation whereby a tax is levied at each stage of production on the value
an activity that increases the worth of the product or service to the customer
Refers to the sum of manufacturing direct labor and overhead
See economic value added.
a business (typically U.S.-owned on the Mexican
See cash value added.
Also called economic value added. Profit minus cost of capital employed.
The sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest.
An amount of money invested plus the interest earned on that money.
Adjusted present value (APV)
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
The amount of cash payable on a benefit.
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A
An asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
The value of an asset as carried on the balance sheet of a
An asset’s original cost, less any depreciation that has been subsequently incurred.
Net worth of the firm’s assets or liabilities according
book value and book value per share
Generally speaking, these terms
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
Book value per share
The ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. Book value
Book Value per Share
The book value of a company divided by the number of shares
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Cash Surrender Value
This is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications.
Cash Surrender Value
Benefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy.
Also called parity value, the value of a convertible security if it is converted immediately.
The amount of advantage over a current market transaction provided by an in-the-money
The value that an asset is expected to have at the time it is sold at a predetermined
The weighted average of a probability distribution.
The value of the possible outcomes of a variable weighted by the
Expected value of perfect information
The expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known
Extraordinary positive value
A positive net present value.
See: Par value.
The nominal value of a security. Also called the par value.
The maturity value of a security. Also known as par value,
Payment at the maturity of the bond. Also called par value or maturity value.
The payoff value of a bond upon maturity. Also called par value. See principal.
The nominal value which appears on the face of a document recording an entitlement, generally an amount of money that has to be repaid on the maturity of a debt instrument.
Fair market value
The price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market.
Fair Market Value
The highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact.
The amount at which an asset could be purchased or sold or a liability incurred or
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
The amount of cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified
The amount a given payment, or series of payments, will be worth
the amount to which one or more sums of
The value that a sum of money (the present value) earning
Amount to which an investment will grow after earning interest.
The amount to which a payment or series of payments will grow by a given future date when compounded by a given interest rate. FVIF future value interest factor.
Intrinsic value of a firm
The present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the
Intrinsic value of an option
The amount by which an option is in-the-money. An option which is not in-themoney
Net amount that could be realized by selling the assets of a firm after paying the debt.
The net proceeds (after taxes and expenses) of selling the assets
Net proceeds that would be realized by selling the firm’s assets and paying off its creditors.
The amount a policyholder may borrow against a whole life insurance policy at the interest rate
1) The price at which a security is trading and could presumably be purchased or sold.
The price at which a product or service could be sold on the open market.
A quoted market price per unit times the number of units being valued. Synonymous
market-value balance sheet
Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.
Market value ratios
Ratios that relate the market price of the firm's common stock to selected financial
Market value-weighted index
An index of a group of securities computed by calculating a weighted average
Related: par value.
Net adjusted present value
The adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment.
net asset value
The value of all the holdings of a mutual fund, less the fund's liabilities.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
Net book value
The current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any
Net present value
A discounted cash flow methodology that uses a required rate of
net present value method
a process that uses the discounted
Net present value (NPV)
The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.
Net present value (NPV)
A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the present value of future cash flows and deducts the initial capital investment.
net present value (NPV)
Equals the present value (PV) of a capital investment
Net Present Value (NPV)
The present value of all future cash inflows minus the present value
net present value (NPV)
the difference between the present values of all cash inflows and outflows for an investment project
net present value (NPV)
Present value of cash flows minus initial investment.
Net Present Value (NPV) Method
A method of ranking investment proposals. NPV is equal to the present value of the future returns, discounted at the marginal cost of capital, minus the present value of the cost of the investment.
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Net present value of growth opportunities
A model valuing a firm in which net present value of new
Net present value rule
An investment is worth making if it has a positive NPV. Projects with negative NPVs
Net Realizable Value
Selling price of an asset less expenses of bringing the asset into a saleable state and expenses of the sale.
net realizable value approach
a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
Net realizeable value
The expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or
Net salvage value
The after-tax net cash flow for terminating the project.
No par value stock
Stock issued by the company that does not have an arbitrary value (par value) assigned to it.
NPV (net present value of cash flows)
Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay.
Original face value
The principal amount of the mortgage as of its issue date.
Other-than-Temporary Decline in Market Value
The standard used to describe a decline in market value that is not expected to recover. The use of the other-than-temporary description as
Also called the maturity value or face value, the amount that the issuer agrees to pay at the maturity date.
An arbitrary value that a company may assign to its stock. Par value has no relationship to what the stock is selling for on the open market.
An arbitrary value assigned by the company to each share of stock; it is used in the accounting for the sale of stock and in some jurisdictions for calculating taxes.
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