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Definition of Trade debt
Chance that a borrower or trade debtor will not repay an obligation as promised.
An offset to the accounts receivable balance, against which
An account receivable that cannot be collected.
The amount of accounts receivable that is not expected to be collected.
Refers to accounts receivable from credit sales to customers
The difference between exports and imports of goods.
Net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between countries.
See balance of merchandise trade.
Related: Program trades.
A large trading order, defined on the New York Stock Exchange as an order that consists of
The cost of debt (bonds, loans, etc.) that a company is charged for
The exchange of goods for other goods rather than for cash; barter.
Borrowings from financiers.
Funds owed to another entity.
Ability to borrow. The amount a firm can borrow up to the point where the firm value no
An assessment of ability and willingness to repay a loan from anticipated future cash flow or other sources.
Debt (Credit Insurance)
Money, goods or services that someone is obligated to pay someone else in accordance with an expressed or implied agreement. debt may or may not be secured.
The amount of borrowing that leasing displaces. Firms that do a lot of leasing will be
Indicator of financial leverage. Compares assets provided by creditors to assets provided
A comparison of debt to equity in a company's capital structure.
Raising loan capital through the creation of debt by issuing a form of paper evidencing amounts owed and payable on specified dates or on demand.
An asset requiring fixed dollar payments, such as a government or corporate bond.
Any financial asset corresponding to a debt, such as a bond or a treasury bill.
The amplification of the return earned on equity when an investment or firm is financed
A bond covenant that restricts in some way the firm's ability to incur additional indebtedness.
The market for trading debt instruments.
Total debt divided by total assets.
The percentage of debt that is used in the total capitalization of a
Reducing the principal and/or interest payments on LDC loans.
IOUs created through loan-type transactions - commercial paper, bank CDs, bills, bonds, and
A security representing a debt relationship with an enterprise, including a government
Interest payment plus repayments of principal to creditors, that is, retirement of debt.
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
Debt service parity approach
An analysis wherein the alternatives under consideration will provide the firm
A set of transactions (also called a debt-equity swap) in which a firm buys a country's dollar bank
A widely used financial statement ratio to assess the
Debtor in possession
A firm that is continuing to operate under Chapter 11 bankruptcy process.
New debt obtained by a firm during the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process.
Sales to customers who have bought goods or services on credit but who have not yet paid their debt.
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
1) A bond in default trades flat; that is, the price quoted covers both principal and unpaid,
A member who generally trades only for his own account, for an account controlled by him or
A transaction in which the settlement will occur on a specified date in the future at a price
The absence of any government restrictions, such as tariffs or quotas, on imports or exports.
debt maturing after more than one year.
debt with more than 1 year remaining to maturity.
trades in which an investor believes he or she possesses pertinent
trades that are the result of either a reallocation of wealth or an implementation of an
Interest rate on debt
The firm's cost of debt capital.
Junior debt (subordinate debt)
debt whose holders have a claim on the firm's assets only after senior
An obligation having a maturity of more than one year from the date it was issued. Also
A debt for which payments will be required for a period of more than
Long Term Debt
Liability due in a year or more.
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
Refers to non-conventional debt that has a greater element of risk than secured debt but has less risk than equity.
MM's proposition I (debt irrelevance proposition)
The value of a firm is unaffected by its capital structure.
Monetizing the Debt
See printing money.
The debt owed by the government as a result of earlier borrowing to finance budget deficits. That part of the debt not held by the central bank is the publically held national debt.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
an agreement among Canada, Mexico, and the United States establishing the North American Free trade Zone, with a resulting reduction in trade barriers
Original issue discount debt (OID debt)
debt that is initially offered at a price below par.
Prices after the decision to trade.
Prices occurring before or at the decision to trade.
Also called basket trades, orders requiring the execution of trades in a large number of
See national debt.
Publicly Held National Debt
See national debt.
Publicly traded assets
Assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market.
RATIO OF DEBT TO STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
A ratio that shows which group—creditors or stockholders—has the biggest stake in or the most control of a company:
A member of the exchange who executes frequent trades for his or her own account.
Entering the opposite side of a currently held futures position to close out the position.
debt that, in the event of default, has first claim on specified assets.
debt that has first claim on specified collateral in the event of default.
debt that, in the event of bankruptcy, must be repaid before subordinated debt receives any payment.
Are debt instruments that provide financing, take primary security against either specific or all assets of the borrower, have fixed terms of repayment and charge fixed or floating interest rates.
The purchase and sale of a foreign currency, commodity, or other item for immediate delivery.
debt that has been customized for the buyer, often by incorporating unusual options.
debt over which senior debt takes priority. In the event of bankruptcy, subordinated
debt that may be repaid in bankruptcy only after senior debt is paid.
debt instruments that provide financing for acquisitions, expansion and restructuring, take secondary security against assets, have fixed or flexible terms of repayment and charge fixed or floating interest rates.
Terms of trade
The weighted average of a nation's export prices relative to its import prices.
Terms of Trade
The quantity of imports that can be obtained for a unit of exports, measured by the ratio of an export price index to an import price index.
Total debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing current liabilities plus long-term debt to
Total Debt to Total Assets Ratio
See debt ratio
A verbal (or electronic) transaction involving one party buying a security from another party. Once a
Written demand that has been accepted by an industrial company to pay a given sum at a future date.
Credit granted by a firm to another firm for the purchase of goods or services.
In an interest rate swap, the date that the counterparties commit to the swap. Also, the date on
Deficit on the balance of merchandise trade.
A draft addressed to a commercial enterprise. See:draft.
A firm which deals in actual commodities.
A term used for channel stuffing in the domestic tobacco industry.
debt levels are chosen to balance interest tax shields against the costs of financial distress.
Trade on top of
trade at a narrow or no spread in basis points relative to some other bond yield, usually
Persons who take positions in securities and their derivatives with the objective of making profits.
debt maturing within one year (short-term debt). See: funded debt.
debt that does not identify specific assets that can be taken over by the debtholder in case of default.
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