|Balance of trade|
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Definition of Balance of trade
Balance of trade
Net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between countries.
Balance of Trade
See balance of merchandise trade.
The difference between exports and imports of goods.
A statistical compilation formulated by a sovereign nation of all economic transactions
The difference between the demand for and supply of a country's currency on the foreign exchange market.
A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.
Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of the assets, liabilities, and
A “snapshot” statement that freezes a company on a particular day, like the last day of the year, and shows the balances in its asset, liability, and stockholders’ equity accounts. It’s governed by the formula:
A financial statement showing the financial position of a business – its assets, liabilities and
One of the basic financial statements; it lists the assets, liabilities, and equity accounts of the company. The balance Sheet is prepared using the balances at the end of a specific day.
A term often used instead of the more formal and correct
A report that summarizes all assets, liabilities, and equity for a company
Financial statement that shows the value of the
A financial report showing the status of a company's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity on a given date.
Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Total Stockholders' Equity
The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.
An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.
Balanced mutual fund
This is a fund that buys common stock, preferred stock and bonds. The same as a
A system of non-financial performance measurement that links innovation, customer and process measures to financial performance.
balanced scorecard (BSC)
an approach to performance
In a balance of payments, the basic balance is the net balance of the combination of the current
Related: Program trades.
A large trading order, defined on the New York Stock Exchange as an order that consists of
common-size balance sheet
balance sheet that presents items as a percentage of total assets.
An excess balance that is left in a bank to provide indirect compensation for loans
The exchange of goods for other goods rather than for cash; barter.
An accelerated depreciation method that calculates depreciation each year by applying a fixed rate to the asset’s book (cost–accumulated depreciation) value. Depreciation stops when the asset’s book value reaches its salvage value.
A method of depreciation.
Method of accelerated depreciation.
1) A bond in default trades flat; that is, the price quoted covers both principal and unpaid,
A member who generally trades only for his own account, for an account controlled by him or
A transaction in which the settlement will occur on a specified date in the future at a price
The absence of any government restrictions, such as tariffs or quotas, on imports or exports.
trades in which an investor believes he or she possesses pertinent
trades that are the result of either a reallocation of wealth or an implementation of an
market-value balance sheet
Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.
Net cash balance
Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
an agreement among Canada, Mexico, and the United States establishing the North American Free trade Zone, with a resulting reduction in trade barriers
Financing that is not shown as a liability in a company's balance sheet.
The quantity of inventory currently in stock, based on inventory
Prices after the decision to trade.
Prices occurring before or at the decision to trade.
Also called basket trades, orders requiring the execution of trades in a large number of
Projected available balance
The future planned balance of an inventory item,
Publicly traded assets
Assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market.
Receivables balance fractions
The percentage of a month's sales that remain uncollected (and part of
A member of the exchange who executes frequent trades for his or her own account.
Remaining principal balance
The amount of principal dollars remaining to be paid under the mortgage as of
Entering the opposite side of a currently held futures position to close out the position.
The purchase and sale of a foreign currency, commodity, or other item for immediate delivery.
Target cash balance
Optimal amount of cash for a firm to hold, considering the trade-off between the
Terms of trade
The weighted average of a nation's export prices relative to its import prices.
Terms of Trade
The quantity of imports that can be obtained for a unit of exports, measured by the ratio of an export price index to an import price index.
A verbal (or electronic) transaction involving one party buying a security from another party. Once a
Written demand that has been accepted by an industrial company to pay a given sum at a future date.
Credit granted by a firm to another firm for the purchase of goods or services.
In an interest rate swap, the date that the counterparties commit to the swap. Also, the date on
Deficit on the balance of merchandise trade.
A draft addressed to a commercial enterprise. See:draft.
A firm which deals in actual commodities.
A term used for channel stuffing in the domestic tobacco industry.
Debt levels are chosen to balance interest tax shields against the costs of financial distress.
Trade on top of
trade at a narrow or no spread in basis points relative to some other bond yield, usually
Persons who take positions in securities and their derivatives with the objective of making profits.
A listing of all the accounts and their balances on a specified day.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
the arbiter of global trade that was created in 1995 under the General Agreement on Tariffs and trade; each signatory country has one
Regional bank account to which just enough funds are transferred daily to pay each day’s bills.
Zero-balance account (ZBA)
A checking account in which zero balance is maintained by transfers of funds
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