# Definition of Balance of trade

Net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between countries.

# Related Terms:

The difference between exports and imports of goods.

## Balance of payments

A statistical compilation formulated by a sovereign nation of all economic transactions
between residents of that nation and residents of all other nations during a stipulated period of time, usually a
calendar year.

## Balance sheet

Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of the assets, liabilities, and
owners' equity.

## Balance sheet exposure

See:accounting exposure.

## Balance sheet identity

Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Total Stockholders' Equity

## Balanced fund

An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.

## Balanced mutual fund

This is a fund that buys common stock, preferred stock and bonds. The same as a
balanced fund.

## Basic balance

In a balance of payments, the basic balance is the net balance of the combination of the current
account and the capital account.

A large trading order, defined on the New York Stock Exchange as an order that consists of
10,000 shares of a given stock or a total market value of \$200,000 or more.

## Compensating balance

An excess balance that is left in a bank to provide indirect compensation for loans
extended or services provided.

The exchange of goods for other goods rather than for cash; barter.

## Double-declining-balance depreciation

Method of accelerated depreciation.

1) A bond in default trades flat; that is, the price quoted covers both principal and unpaid,
accrued interest.
2) Any security that trades without accrued interest or at a price that includes accrued
interest is said to trade flat.

A member who generally trades only for his own account, for an account controlled by him or
who has such a trade made for him. Also referred to as a "local".

A transaction in which the settlement will occur on a specified date in the future at a price

trades that are the result of either a reallocation of wealth or an implementation of an
investment strategy that only utilizes existing information.

trades in which an investor believes he or she possesses pertinent
information not currently reflected in the stock's price.

## Net cash balance

Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.

## Off-balance-sheet financing

Financing that is not shown as a liability in a company's balance sheet.

Prices after the decision to trade.

Prices occurring before or at the decision to trade.

different stocks at as near the same time as possible. Related: block trade

Assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market.

## Receivables balance fractions

The percentage of a month's sales that remain uncollected (and part of
accounts receivable) at the end of succeeding months.

A member of the exchange who executes frequent trades for his or her own account.

## Remaining principal balance

The amount of principal dollars remaining to be paid under the mortgage as of
a given point in time.

Entering the opposite side of a currently held futures position to close out the position.

The purchase and sale of a foreign currency, commodity, or other item for immediate delivery.

## Target cash balance

Optimal amount of cash for a firm to hold, considering the trade-off between the
opportunity costs of holding too much cash and the trading costs of holding too little cash.

The weighted average of a nation's export prices relative to its import prices.

A verbal (or electronic) transaction involving one party buying a security from another party. Once a
trade is consummated, it is considered "done" or final. Settlement occurs 1-5 business days later.

Written demand that has been accepted by an industrial company to pay a given sum at a future date.
Related: banker's acceptance.

Credit granted by a firm to another firm for the purchase of goods or services.

In an interest rate swap, the date that the counterparties commit to the swap. Also, the date on

Accounts payable.

A draft addressed to a commercial enterprise. See:draft.

trade at a narrow or no spread in basis points relative to some other bond yield, usually
Treasury bonds.

A firm which deals in actual commodities.

Persons who take positions in securities and their derivatives with the objective of making profits.
traders can also be of the sort who take proprietary positions whereby they seek to profit from the directional
movement of prices or spread positions.

Related:Tick-test rules

## Zero-balance account (ZBA)

A checking account in which zero balance is maintained by transfers of funds
from a master account in an amount only large enough to cover checks presented.

## BALANCE SHEET

A â€śsnapshotâ€ť statement that freezes a company on a particular day, like the last day of the year, and shows the balances in its asset, liability, and stockholdersâ€™ equity accounts. Itâ€™s governed by the formula:
Assets = Liabilities + Stockholdersâ€™ Equity.

## Declining balance

An accelerated depreciation method that calculates depreciation each year by applying a fixed rate to the assetâ€™s book (costâ€“accumulated depreciation) value. Depreciation stops when the assetâ€™s book value reaches its salvage value.

## Balanced Scorecard

A system of non-financial performance measurement that links innovation, customer and process measures to financial performance.

## Balance Sheet

A financial statement showing the financial position of a business â€“ its assets, liabilities and
capital â€“ at the end of an accounting period.

## Balance Sheet

One of the basic financial statements; it lists the assets, liabilities, and equity accounts of the company. The balance Sheet is prepared using the balances at the end of a specific day.

## Declining-balance

A method of depreciation.

## Trial balance

A listing of all the accounts and their balances on a specified day.

## balance sheet

A term often used instead of the more formal and correct
termâ€”statement of financial condition. This financial statement summarizes
the assets, liabilities, and ownersâ€™ equity sources of a business at a
given moment in time. It is prepared at the end of each profit period and
whenever else it is needed. It is one of the three primary financial statements
of a business, the other two being the income statement and the
statement of cash flows. The values reported in the balance sheet are the
amounts used to determine book value per share of capital stock. Also,
the book value of an asset is the amount reported in a businessâ€™s most
recent balance sheet.

## balanced scorecard (BSC)

an approach to performance
measurement that weighs performance measures from four
perspectives: financial performance, an internal business
perspective, a customer perspective, and an innovation and
learning perspective

## North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

an agreement among Canada, Mexico, and the United States establishing the North American Free trade Zone, with a resulting reduction in trade barriers

the arbiter of global trade that was created in 1995 under the General Agreement on Tariffs and trade; each signatory country has one

## Balance sheet

A report that summarizes all assets, liabilities, and equity for a company
for a given point in time.

## balance sheet

Financial statement that shows the value of the
firmâ€™s assets and liabilities at a particular time.

## common-size balance sheet

balance sheet that presents items as a percentage of total assets.

## market-value balance sheet

Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.

Debt levels are chosen to balance interest tax shields against the costs of financial distress.

## zero-balance account

Regional bank account to which just enough funds are transferred daily to pay each dayâ€™s bills.

## Balance of Payments

The difference between the demand for and supply of a country's currency on the foreign exchange market.

## Balance of Payments Accounts

A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.

## Balanced-Budget Multiplier

The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.

The absence of any government restrictions, such as tariffs or quotas, on imports or exports.

The quantity of imports that can be obtained for a unit of exports, measured by the ratio of an export price index to an import price index.

Deficit on the balance of merchandise trade.

A term used for channel stuffing in the domestic tobacco industry.

## On-hand balance

The quantity of inventory currently in stock, based on inventory
records.

## Projected available balance

The future planned balance of an inventory item,
based on the current balance and adjusted for planned receipts and usage.

## Balance Sheet

A financial report showing the status of a company's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity on a given date.