|Top-down equity management style|
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Definition of Top-down equity management style
Top-down equity management style
A management style that begins with an assessment of the overall
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
An option contract that can be exercised at any time between the date of purchase and
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
A steep and rapid increase in price followed by a steep and rapid drop. This is an indicator seen
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
A mortgage loan on newly developed property that the builder subsidizes during the
Mortgages in which monthly payments consist of principal and interest, with portions of these
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
An account that reduces an equity account. An example is Treasury stock.
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Cost of Equity
Same as the cost of common stock. Sometimes viewed as the
The ability of the bankruptcy court to confirm a plan of reorganization over the objections of
Indicator of financial leverage. Compares assets provided by creditors to assets provided
A comparison of debt to equity in a company's capital structure.
A widely used financial statement ratio to assess the
A common term for convertible bonds because of their equity component and the
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Barrier option that comes into existence if asset price hits a barrier.
Barrier option that expires if asset price hits a barrier.
A classic negative change in ratings for a stock, and or other rated security.
any management action that reduces employment
Dual syndicate equity offering
An international equity placement where the offering is split into two
The active manipulation of earnings toward a predetermined target.
Represents ownership interest in a firm. Also the residual dollar value of a futures trading account,
Funds raised from shareholders.
Amounts contributed to the company by the owners (contributed capital) plus the residual earnings of the business (retained earnings).
Refers to one of the two basic sources of capital for a business, the
The difference between the total of all recorded assets and liabilities on the balance
Ownership. Common stock represents equity in a corporation.
The net worth of a business, consisting of capital stock, capital (or paid-in) surplus (or retained earnings), and, occasionally, certain net worth reserves. Common equity is that part of the total net worth belonging to the common shareholders. Total equity includes preferred shareholders. The terms common stock, net worth, and common equity are frequently used interchangeably.
The net worth of a company. This represents the ownership interest of the shareholders (common and preferred) of a company. For this reason, shares or stocks are often known as equities.
Life insurance or annuity product in which the cash value and benefit level fluctuate according to the performance of an equity portfolio.
Refers to the investors percentage ownership of a company that can be re-acquired by the company, usually at a pre-determined amount.
An agreement in which one party, for an upfront premium, agrees to compensate the other at
Also called a residual claim, a claim to a share of earnings after debt obligation have been
The simultaneous purchase of an equity floor and sale of an equity cap.
Equity contribution agreement
An agreement to contribute equity to a project under certain specified
An agreement in which one party agrees to pay the other at specific time periods if a specific
Through equity investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity investment is corporate stock.
Used to refer to warrants because they are usually issued attached to privately placed bonds.
Related: Variable life
Accounting method for an equity security in cases where the investor has sufficient
Total assets divided by total common stockholders' equity; the amount of total assets per
Securities that give the holder the right to buy or sell a specified number of shares of stock, at
An ownership interest in an enterprise, including preferred and common stock.
A swap in which the cash flows that are exchanged are based on the total return on some stock
Those holding shares of the firm's equity.
Securities sold in the Euromarket. That is, securities initially sold to investors
An option contract that can only be exercised on the expiration date.
Foreign equity market
That portion of the domestic equity market that represents issues floated by foreign companies.
GEMs (growing-equity mortgages)
Mortgages in which annual increases in monthly payments are used to
Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)
an organization composed of individuals interested in the field of management accounting; it coordinates the Certified management
Refers to making an entry, usually at the close of a
The balance of a margin account. Related: buying on margin, initial margin requirement.
Stock in a firm that relies on financial leverage. Holders of leveraged equity face the
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
management refers to the individuals in an entity that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the entity. The positions of these individuals, and their titles, vary from one entity to another and, to some extent, from one country to another depending on the local laws and customs. Thus, when the context requires it, the term includes the board of directors or committees of the board which are designated to oversee certain matters (e.g., audit committee).
The production of financial and non-financial information used in planning for the future; making decisions about products, services, prices and what costs to incur; and ensuring that plans are implemented and achieved.
a discipline that includes almost
Management Accounting Guidelines (MAGs)
pronouncements of the Society of management Accountants of
Management buyout (MBO)
Leveraged buyout whereby the acquiring group is led by the firm's management.
management buyout (MBO)
Acquisition of the firm by its own management in a leveraged buyout.
Management/closely held shares
Percentage of shares held by persons closely related to a company, as
This is difficult to define in a few words—indeed, an
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management expense ratio (MER)
The total expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of daily average net assets. MER does not include brokerage fees and commissions, which are also payable by the Fund.
An investment advisory fee charged by the financial advisor to a fund based on the fund's
The fee paid to the fund’s manager for supervising the administration of the fund.
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
the preference of a manager in how he/she interacts with other stakeholders in the organization;
Related: Investment management.
a philosophy about increasing a firm’s performance by involving all workers and by ensuring
Operational Earnings Management
management actions taken in the effort to create stable
Refers to the capital invested in a business by its shareowners
The total of all capital contributions and retained earnings on a business’s
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
In a Treasury refunding, the amount by which the par value of the securities maturing exceeds that
performance management system
a system reflecting the entire package of decisions regarding performance measurement and evaluation
Related: Investment management
Preferred equity redemption stock (PERC)
Preferred stock that converts automatically into equity at a
Funds, other than paid-up capital and retained earnings, employed in a business and which will remain in a business as permanent capital.
RATE OF RETURN ON STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The percentage return or profit that management made on each dollar stockholders invested in a company. Here’s how you figure it:
RATIO OF DEBT TO STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
A ratio that shows which group—creditors or stockholders—has the biggest stake in or the most control of a company:
Real Actions (Earnings) Management
Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
Return on Common Equity Ratio
A measure of the percentage return earned on the value of the
Return on equity (ROE)
Indicator of profitability. Determined by dividing net income for the past 12
return on equity (ROE)
This key ratio, expressed as a percent, equals net
The process of identifying and evaluating risks and selecting and managing techniques to
Represents the total assets of a corporation less liabilities.
This is a company's total assets minus total liabilities. A company's net worth is the
The total amount of contributed capital and retained earnings; synonymous with stockholders' equity.
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