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Definition of Step-up bond
A bond that pays a lower coupon rate for an initial period which then increases to a higher
A bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid to the investor during the time of accrual.
Total quantity of goods and services supplied.
Combinations of price level and income for which the labor market is in equilibrium. The short-run aggregate supply curve incorporates information and price/wage inflexibilities in the labor market, whereas the long-run aggregate supply curve does not.
1) When bond yields and prices fall, the market is said to back-up.
State of being unable to pay debts. Thus, the ownership of the firm's assets is transferred from
The reorganization or liquidation of a firm that cannot pay its debts.
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
The argument that expected bankruptcy costs preclude firms from being financed entirely
bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local
A long-term, interest-bearing promissory note that companies may use to borrow money for periods of time such as five, ten, or twenty years.
A long-term debt instrument in which the issuer (borrower) is
Security that obligates the issuer to make specified payments
A financial asset taking the form of a promise by a borrower to repay a specified amount (the bond's face value) on a maturity date and to make fixed periodic interest payments.
Usually a fixed interest security under which the issuer contracts to pay the lender a fixed principal amount at a stated date in the future, and a series of interest payments, either semi-annually or annually. Interest payments may vary through the life of bond.
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. Short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
Fixed interest security issued by a corporation or government, having a specific maturity date.
A contract for privately placed debt.
A contractual provision in a bond indenture. A positive covenant requires certain actions, and
The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.
Bond equivalent yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.
Bond Equivalent Yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method
The contract that sets forth the promises of a corporate bond issuer and the rights of
Designing a portfolio so that its performance will match the performance of some bond index.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A system that monitors and evaluates the performance of a fixed-income portfolio , as well as the
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
Bottom-up equity management style
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
bonds issued by emerging countries under a debt reduction plan.
bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
Foreign bond issue made in London.
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
Canada Savings Bonds
A bond issued each year by the federal government. These bonds can be cashed in at any time for their full face value.
Collateral trust bonds
A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
Insurance that a construction contract will be successfully completed.
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
bond that the holder may exchange for a specified number of shares.
bonds that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
A eurobond that can be converted into another asset, often through exercise of
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
The periodic interest payment made to the bondholders during the life of the bond.
Detachable certificate attached to a bond that shows the amount of
The interest payments paid to the bondholder.
The annual interest payment associated with a bond.
Any bond with a coupon. Contrast with discount bond.
Coupon / Coupons
The periodic interest payment(s) made by the issuer of a bond
The dates when the coupons are paid. Typically a bond pays
Coupon equivalent yield
True interest cost expressed on the basis of a 365-day year.
A bond's interest payments.
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
The nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the
Annual interest payment as a percentage of face value.
A bond selling at or close to par, that is, a bond with a coupon close to the yields currently
Related: Benchmark issues
High-coupon bonds that sell at only at a moderate premium because they are callable at a
An unsecured bond whose holder has the claim of a general creditor on all assets of the
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Dupont system of financial control
Highlights the fact that return on assets (ROA) can be expressed in terms
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
equivalent units of production (EUP)
an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
A bond that is (1) underwritten by an international syndicate, (2) offered at issuance
A debt security issued in a market other than the home market of
bond that is marketed internationally.
Eurobonds denominated in U.S.dollars.
Eurobonds denominated in Japanese yen.
Buying or selling to offset an existing market position.
A situation in which supply exceeds demand.
bond whose maturity can be extended at the option of the lender or issuer.
The amount of securities believed to be available for immediate purchase, that is, in the
Government bonds that are acceptable at par in payment of federal estate taxes when owned by
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)
a law passed by U.S. Congress in 1977 that makes it illegal for a U.S. company to engage in various “questionable” foreign payments and
Full coupon bond
A bond with a coupon equal to the going market rate, thereby, the bond is selling at par.
General obligation bonds
Municipal securities secured by the issuer's pledge of its full faith, credit, and
The loss in yield that occurs when a block of bonds is swapped for another block of lower-coupon
bonds that are designed so as to qualify for immediate trading in any domestic capital market
See: Government securities.
Group Life Insurance
This is a very common form of life insurance which is found in employee benefit plans and bank mortgage insurance. In employee benefit plans the form of this insurance is usually one year renewable term insurance. The cost of this coverage is based on the average age of everyone in the group. Therefore a group of young people would have inexpensive rates and an older group would have more expensive rates.
Group of five (G5/G-5)
The five leading countries (France, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, and the U.S.) that
Group of seven (G7/G-7)
The G-5 countries plus Canada and Italy.
Group rotation manager
A top-down manager who infers the phases of the business cycle and allocates
High-coupon bond refunding
Refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
bond whose payments are linked to an index, e.g. the consumer price index.
Industrial revenue bond (IRB)
bond issued by local government agencies on behalf of corporations.
A municipal bond backed both by the credit of the municipal issuer and by commercial
A collective term that refers to global bonds, Eurobonds, and foreign bonds.
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
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