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Definition of simultaneous engineering
an integrated approach in which
see simultaneous engineering
the process of combining information technology to create new and more effective
A change to a product’s specifications as issued by the engineering
a business mandate that changes the way in which a product is manufactured or a
Combining or dividing existing instruments to create new financial products.
a disciplined search for various feasible
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
Repetitive cycles of economic expansion and recession.
Fluctuations of GDP around its long-run trend, consisting of recession, trough, expansion, and peak.
The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.
A business that has terminated with a loss to creditors.
a formal process for gathering and analyzing information and producing intelligence to meet decision making needs; requires information about
The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will be impaired because of adverse economic
an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.
Corporate processing float
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
cost-benefit analysis the analytical process of comparing the
relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
A conception of the way a stock's price changes that assumes that the price takes on all
FIFO method (of process costing)
the method of cost assignment that computes an average cost per equivalent
High-Risk Small Business
Firm viewed as being particularly subject to risk from an investors perspective.
In-house processing float
Refers to the time it takes the receiver of a check to process the payment and
Internet business model
a model that involves
Statistical assumptions about the behavior of security prices. For
a manufacturing process that simultaneously
modified FIFO method (of process costing)
the method of cost assignment that uses FIFO to compute a cost per
the ability of a worker to monitor
operating risk (business risk)
Risk in firm’s operating income.
Political Business Cycle
A business cycle caused by policies undertaken to help a government be re-elected.
Price discovery process
The process of determining the prices of the assets in the marketplace through the
A series of linked activities that result in a specific objective. For example, the
benchmarking that focuses on practices and how the best-in-class companies achieved their results
an assessment about the number of processes through which a product flows
A method of costing for continuous manufacture in which costs for an accounting compared are compared with production for the same period to determine a cost per unit produced.
A costing methodology that arrives at an individual product cost through the calculation of average costs for large quantities of identical products.
process costing system
a method of accumulating and assigning costs to units of production in companies producing large quantities of homogeneous products;
Process flow production
A production configuration in which products are continually
a flowchart or diagram indicating every step
the total units produced during a period
process quality yield
the proportion of good units that resulted from the activities expended
the actual time consumed performing the
product- (or process-) level cost
a cost that is caused by the development, production, or acquisition of specific products or services
Purchased In-Process Research and Development
Unfinished research and development that is acquired from another firm.
Real Business Cycle Theory
Belief that business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.
Material that has been reworked and returned to stock.
statistical process control (SPC)
the use of control techniques that are based on the theory that a process has natural variations in it over time, but uncommon variations
strict FIFO method (of process costing)
the method of cost assignment that uses FIFO to compute a cost per equivalent unit and, in transferring units from a department, keeps the
weighted average method (of process costing)
the method of cost assignment that computes an average cost per
Any items being converted into finished goods or released from
Inventory that has been partially converted through the
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