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business process reengineering (BPR)

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Definition of business process reengineering (BPR)

Business Process Reengineering (BPR) Image 1

business process reengineering (BPR)

the process of combining information technology to create new and more effective
business processes to lower costs, eliminate unnecessary
work, upgrade customer service, and increase
speed to market



Related Terms:

Basic business strategies

Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.


Business cycle

Repetitive cycles of economic expansion and recession.


Business Cycle

Fluctuations of GDP around its long-run trend, consisting of recession, trough, expansion, and peak.


Business Expansion Investment

The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.


Business failure

A business that has terminated with a loss to creditors.



business intelligence (BI) system

a formal process for gathering and analyzing information and producing intelligence to meet decision making needs; requires information about
internal processes as well as knowledge, technologies, and competitors


Business risk

The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will be impaired because of adverse economic
conditions, making it difficult for the issuer to meet its operating expenses.


Business Process Reengineering (BPR) Image 2

business-value-added activity

an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay


Commercial Business Loan (Credit Insurance)

An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.


Corporate processing float

The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
depositing of the customer's check in the firm's bank account; the time required to process customer
payments.


cost-benefit analysis the analytical process of comparing the

relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
of action (such as providing information or investing in a
project)


Diffusion process

A conception of the way a stock's price changes that assumes that the price takes on all
intermediate values. dirty price. Related: full price


FIFO method (of process costing)

the method of cost assignment that computes an average cost per equivalent
unit of production for the current period; keeps beginning
inventory units and costs separate from current period production
and costs


High-Risk Small Business

Firm viewed as being particularly subject to risk from an investors perspective.


In-house processing float

Refers to the time it takes the receiver of a check to process the payment and
deposit it in a bank for collection.


Internet business model

a model that involves
(1) few physical assets,
(2) little management hierarchy, and
(3) a direct pipeline to customers


Business Process Reengineering (BPR) Image 3

Ito process

Statistical assumptions about the behavior of security prices. For
details, see the book by Hull listed in the “Bibliography”.


joint process

a manufacturing process that simultaneously
produces more than one product line
joint product one of the primary outputs of a joint process;
each joint product individually has substantial revenuegenerating
ability



modified FIFO method (of process costing)

the method of cost assignment that uses FIFO to compute a cost per
equivalent unit but, in transferring units from a department,
the costs of the beginning inventory units and the
units started and completed are combined and averaged


multiprocess handling

the ability of a worker to monitor
and operate several (or all) machines in a manufacturing
cell or perform all steps of a specific task


operating risk (business risk)

Risk in firm’s operating income.


Political Business Cycle

A business cycle caused by policies undertaken to help a government be re-elected.


Price discovery process

The process of determining the prices of the assets in the marketplace through the
interactions of buyers and sellers.


Process

A series of linked activities that result in a specific objective. For example, the
payroll process requires the calculation of hours worked, multiplication by hourly
rates, and the subtraction of taxes before the final objective is reached, which is the
printing of the paycheck.


process benchmarking

benchmarking that focuses on practices and how the best-in-class companies achieved their results


process complexity

an assessment about the number of processes through which a product flows


Process costing

A method of costing for continuous manufacture in which costs for an accounting compared are compared with production for the same period to determine a cost per unit produced.


Business Process Reengineering (BPR) Image 4

Process costing

A costing methodology that arrives at an individual product cost through the calculation of average costs for large quantities of identical products.



process costing system

a method of accumulating and assigning costs to units of production in companies producing large quantities of homogeneous products;
it accumulates costs by cost component in each production department and assigns costs to units using equivalent units of production


Process flow production

A production configuration in which products are continually
manufactured with minimal pauses or queuing.


process map

a flowchart or diagram indicating every step
that goes into making a product or providing a service


process productivity

the total units produced during a period
using value-added processing time


process quality yield

the proportion of good units that resulted from the activities expended


processing time

the actual time consumed performing the
functions necessary to manufacture a product


product- (or process-) level cost

a cost that is caused by the development, production, or acquisition of specific products or services


Purchased In-Process Research and Development

Unfinished research and development that is acquired from another firm.


Real Business Cycle Theory

Belief that business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.


Reprocessed material

Material that has been reworked and returned to stock.


statistical process control (SPC)

the use of control techniques that are based on the theory that a process has natural variations in it over time, but uncommon variations
are typically the points at which the process produces "errors", which can be defective goods or poor service


strict FIFO method (of process costing)

the method of cost assignment that uses FIFO to compute a cost per equivalent unit and, in transferring units from a department, keeps the
cost of the beginning units separate from the cost of the
units started and completed during the current period


weighted average method (of process costing)

the method of cost assignment that computes an average cost per
equivalent unit of production for all units completed during
the current period; it combines beginning inventory units
and costs with current production and costs, respectively,
to compute the average


Work-in-process

Any items being converted into finished goods or released from
the warehouse in anticipation of beginning the conversion process.


Work-in-process inventory

Inventory that has been partially converted through the
production process, but for which additional work must be completed before it can
be recorded as finished goods inventory.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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