|Changes in Financial Position|
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Definition of Changes in Financial Position
Changes in Financial Position
Sources of funds internally provided from operations that alter a company's
Information about prospective results of operations, financial position and/or changes in financial position, based on assumptions about future economic conditions and courses of action. Future-oriented financial information is presented as either a forecast or a projection.
Officer who oversees the treasurer and controller and sets overall financial strategy.
To eliminate a long or short position, leaving no ownership or obligation.
Voluntary arrangement to restructure a firm's debt, under which payment is reduced.
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Costs arising from bankruptcy or distorted business decisions before bankruptcy.
The ability of the national economy to generate enough foreign exchange to meet
Under certain circumstances, taxation rules assume that a transfer of property has occurred, even though there has not been an actual purchase or sale. This could happen upon death or transfer of ownership.
Highlights the fact that return on assets (ROA) can be expressed in terms
Corporate financial statements that have been reported on by an external independent accountant.
The incorrect conclusion that something that is true for an individual is necessarily true for the economy as a whole.
The production of financial statements, primarily for those interested parties who are external to the business.
a discipline in which historical, monetary
Also called securities analysts and investment analysts, professionals who analyze
Claims on real assets.
Claims to the income generated by real assets. Also called securities.
Economic assistance provided by unrelated third parties, typically government agencies. They may take the form of loans, loan guarantees, subsidies, tax allowances, contributions, or cost-sharing arrangements.
a plan that aggregates monetary details
The management of a firm's costs and expenses in order to control them in relation to
A feature of a debt or credit agreement that is designed to protect the lender or creditor. It is common to characterize covenants as either positive or negative covenants.
A promise made related to financial conditions or events. Often a promise not to allow certain balance sheet items or ratios to fall below an agreed level. Usually found in loan documents, as a protection mechanism.
Events preceding and including bankruptcy, such as violation of loan contracts.
Financial distress costs
Legal and administrative costs of liquidation or reorganization. Also includes
Combining or dividing existing instruments to create new financial products.
A contract entered into now that provides for the delivery of a specified asset in exchange
a monetary reward provided for performance
An expression of economic benefit that motivates behavior that might otherwise not take place.
Institutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or
Firm that raises money from many small investors and provides financing to businesses or other
Any institution, such as a bank, that takes deposits from savers and loans them to borrowers.
The process whereby financial intermediaries channel funds from lender/savers to borrower/spenders.
Long-term, non-cancelable lease.
Lease in which the service provided by the lessor to the lessee is limited to financing equipment. All other responsibilities related to the possession of equipment, such as maintenance, insurance, and taxes, are borne by the lessee. A financial lease is usually noncancellable and is fully paid out amortized over its term.
Use of debt to increase the expected return on equity. financial leverage is measured by
The equity (ownership) capital of a business can serve
Debt financing amplifies the effects of changes in operating income on the returns to stockholders.
Financial leverage clientele
A group of investors who have a preference for investing in firms that adhere to
Financial leverage ratios
Related: capitalization ratios.
An organized institutional structure or mechanism for creating and exchanging financial assets.
Markets in which financial assets are traded.
Financial Numbers Game
The use of creative accounting practices to alter a financial statement
Objectives of a financial nature that the firm will strive to accomplish during the period
A financial blueprint for the financial future of a firm.
The process of evaluating the investing and financing options available to a firm. It
Status of a firm's assets, liabilities, and equity accounts as of a certain time, as shown in its financial statement.
That portion of the media devoted to reporting financial news.
The result of dividing one financial statement item by another. Ratios help analysts interpret
financial reports and statements
financial means having to do with
Financial reports or statements
The Profit and Loss account, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow statement of a business.
The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will not be adequate to meet its financial obligations.
Risk to shareholders resulting from the use of debt.
Ready access to cash or debt financing.
Financial Trend Analysis
Process of analyzing financial statements of a company for any continuing relationship.
The accounting period adopted by a business for the production of its financial statements.
Fraudulent Financial Reporting
Intentional misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures
Limitation on asset dispositions
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to sell major assets.
London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE)
A London exchange where Eurodollar futures
London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE)
London exchange where Eurodollar futures as well as futures-style options are traded.
An options position where a person has executed one or more option trades where the net
Outright ownership of a security or financial instrument. The
Purchase of an investment.
Long-term financial plan
financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
MM dividend-irrelevance proposition
Theory that under ideal conditions, the value of the firm is unaffected by dividend policy.
MM's proposition I (debt irrelevance proposition)
The value of a firm is unaffected by its capital structure.
MM's proposition II
The required rate of return on equity increases as the firm’s debt-equity ratio increases.
Modigliani and Miller Proposition I
A proposition by Modigliani and Miller which states that a firm cannot
Modigliani and Miller Proposition II
A proposition by Modigliani and Miller which states that the cost of
Include such things as freight, insurance, passenger services, and travel.
Notes to the financial statements
A detailed set of notes immediately following the financial statements in
A net long or short position whose value will change with a change in prices.
Perfectly competitive financial markets
Markets in which no trader has the power to change the price of
Theory that anticipated policy has no effect on output.
A market commitment; the number of contracts bought or sold for which no offsetting transaction
Diagram showing the possible payoffs from a derivative investment.
Pro forma financial statements
financial statements as adjusted to reflect a projected or planned transaction.
financial statements and financial information made public.
Restatement of Prior-Year Financial Statements
A recasting of prior-year financial statements to remove the effects of an error or other adjustment and report them on a new basis.
Occurs when a person sells stocks he or she does not yet own. Shares must be borrowed,
The sale of an investment, particularly by someone who does not yet own it.
Short sale, short position
The sale of a security or financial instrument not
Short-term financial plan
A financial plan that covers the coming fiscal year.
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT)
A dedicated computer network to support funds transfer messages internationally between over 900 member banks worldwide.
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 52
This is the currency translation standard currently
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 8
This is a currency translation standard previously in
statement of financial condition
See balance sheet.
Formal organizations, approved and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission
stockholders' equity, statement of changes in
Although often considered
Take a position
To buy or sell short; that is, to have some amount that is owned or owed on an asset or
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