|Sales value at split-off|
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Definition of Sales value at split-off
Sales value at split-off
A cost allocation methodology that allocates joint costs to joint
a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay.
the value in today’s dollars of cash flows that occur in different time periods.
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A
The ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. Book value
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Similar to equipment trust certificates except that the lender is either the
The formal name for the load of a back-end load fund.
Also called parity value, the value of a convertible security if it is converted immediately.
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Average collection period.
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
The amount of advantage over a current market transaction provided by an in-the-money
The weighted average of a probability distribution.
Expected value of perfect information
The expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known
Extraordinary positive value
A positive net present value.
See: Par value.
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 that
The amount of cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified
Intrinsic value of an option
The amount by which an option is in-the-money. An option which is not in-themoney
Intrinsic value of a firm
The present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the
After a stock split, the number of shares distributed for each share held and the date of the
Net amount that could be realized by selling the assets of a firm after paying the debt.
The amount a policyholder may borrow against a whole life insurance policy at the interest rate
1) The price at which a security is trading and could presumably be purchased or sold.
Market value ratios
Ratios that relate the market price of the firm's common stock to selected financial
Market value-weighted index
An index of a group of securities computed by calculating a weighted average
Related: par value.
Net adjusted present value
The adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
Net book value
The current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any
Net present value (NPV)
The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.
Net present value of growth opportunities
A model valuing a firm in which net present value of new
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Net present value rule
An investment is worth making if it has a positive NPV. Projects with negative NPVs
Net salvage value
The after-tax net cash flow for terminating the project.
Original face value
The principal amount of the mortgage as of its issue date.
Also called the maturity value or face value, the amount that the issuer agrees to pay at the maturity date.
The amount of cash today that is equivalent in value to a payment, or to a stream of payments,
Present value factor
Factor used to calculate an estimate of the present value of an amount to be received in
Present value of growth opportunities (NPV)
Net present value of investments the firm is expected to make
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
Price value of a basis point (PVBP)
Also called the dollar value of a basis point, a measure of the change in
The attractiveness measured in terms of risk, liquidity, and return of one instrument relative to
Current cost of replacing the firm's assets.
Usually refers to the value of a lessor's property at the time the lease expires.
Reverse stock split
A proportionate decrease in the number of shares, but not the value of shares of stock
The fee charged by a mutual fund when purchasing shares, usually payable as a commission to
A key input to a firm's financial planning process. External sales forecasts are based on
An arrangement whereby a firm leases its own equipment, such as IBM leasing its own
Scrap value of plant and equipment.
Sometimes, companies split their outstanding shares into a larger number of shares. If a company with 1
An option on an option. The buyer generally executes the split fee with first an initial fee,
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
Also called the normal deviate, the distance of one data point from the mean, divided by
Occurs when a firm issues new shares of stock but in turn lowers the current market price of its
Also called investment value, the value of a convertible security without the con-version option.
The value of a bond at maturity, typically its par value, or the value of an asset (or an entire
Time value of an option
The portion of an option's premium that is based on the amount of time remaining
Time value of money
The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar
The welfare a given investor assigns to an investment with a particular return and risk.
Method of indirect taxation whereby a tax is levied at each stage of production on the value
Value-at-Risk model (VAR)
Procedure for estimating the probability of portfolio losses exceeding some
Value additivity principal
Prevails when the value of a whole group of assets exactly equals the sum of the
In the market for Eurodollar deposits and foreign exchange, value date refers to the delivery date
Refers to when value or credit is given for funds transferred between banks.
A manager who seeks to buy stocks that are at a discount to their "fair value" and sell them at
An asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
NET SALES (revenue)
The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
NUMBER OF DAYS SALES IN RECEIVABLES
(also called average collection period). The number of days of net sales that are tied up in credit sales (accounts receivable) that haven’t been collected yet.
An arbitrary value that a company may assign to its stock. Par value has no relationship to what the stock is selling for on the open market.
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
The amount management estimates a piece of equipment will be worth at the end of its useful life, either as a trade-in or if it were sold for scrap.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Cost of sales
The manufacture or purchase price of goods sold in a period or the cost of providing a service.
Economic Value Added (EVA)
Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge
Net present value (NPV)
A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the present value of future cash flows and deducts the initial capital investment.
The mix of product/services offered by the business, each of which may be aimed at different customers, with each product/service having different prices and costs.
Increasing the value of the business to its shareholders, achieved through a combination of
A variety of approaches that emphasize increasing shareholder value as the primary goal of every business.
No par value stock
Stock issued by the company that does not have an arbitrary value (par value) assigned to it.
An arbitrary value assigned by the company to each share of stock; it is used in the accounting for the sale of stock and in some jurisdictions for calculating taxes.
Amounts earned by the company from the sale of merchandise or services; often used interchangeably with the term revenue.
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of the discounts for early payment allowed on sales.
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a credit to sales.
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of sales made that were later returned.
Stated value stock
Stock issued by the company that does not have a par value, but does have a stated value. For accounting purposes, stated value is functionally equivalent to par value.
book value and book value per share
Generally speaking, these terms
net present value (NPV)
Equals the present value (PV) of a capital investment
present value (PV)
This amount is calculated by discounting the future
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