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Definition of Sales Tax
A tax levied as a percentage of retail sales.
taxes paid by consumers when they buy goods and services. A sales tax is an example.
The ratio of net income to net sales.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
A situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates.
taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Net income plus depreciation.
Similar to equipment trust certificates except that the lender is either the
The formal name for the load of a back-end load fund.
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
The manufacture or purchase price of goods sold in a period or the cost of providing a service.
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Days' sales outstanding
Average collection period.
Deferred Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
Deferred Tax Liability
Future tax obligation that results from the origination of a temporary
A non-cash expense that provides a source of free cash flow. Amount allocated during the
Depreciation tax shield
The value of the tax write-off on depreciation of plant and equipment.
depreciation tax shield
Reduction in taxes attributable to the depreciation allowance.
Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
Agreement between two countries that taxes paid abroad can be offset against
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
The operating profit before deducting interest and tax.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.
Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)
An earningsbased measure that, for many, serves as a surrogate for cash flow. Actually consists of working
EBDDT - Earnings before depreciation and deferred taxes
This measure is used principally by
Effective Tax Rate
The total tax provision divided by pretax book income from continuing
Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)
An electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government.
Equivalent taxable yield
The yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax
Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)
A federal Act requiring employers to pay a tax on the wages paid to their employees, which is then used to create a
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the tax Reform Act of 1984 that
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
The total sales recorded prior to sales discounts and returns.
Imputation tax system
Arrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for
What the business paid to the IRS.
A government tax on the income earned by an individual or corporation.
Income Tax Expense
See income tax provision.
Income Tax Provision
The expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the
The loss in purchasing power due to inflation eroding the real value of financial assets such as cash.
Interest equalization tax
tax on foreign investment by residents of the U.S. which was abolished in 1974.
Interest tax shield
The reduction in income taxes that results from the tax-deductibility of interest payments.
interest tax shield
tax savings resulting from deductibility of interest payments.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
Margin Tax Rate
The tax rate applicable to the last unit of income.
Marginal tax rate
The tax rate that would have to be paid on any additional dollars of taxable income earned.
marginal tax rate
Additional taxes owed per dollar of additional income.
Marginal Tax Rate
Percent of an increase in income paid in tax.
Total revenue, less the cost of sales returns, allowances, and discounts.
NET SALES (revenue)
The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
NUMBER OF DAYS SALES IN RECEIVABLES
(also called average collection period). The number of days of net sales that are tied up in credit sales (accounts receivable) that haven’t been collected yet.
Payroll tax expense
The amount of tax associated with salaries that an employer pays to governments (federal, state, and local).
Payroll taxes payable
The amount of payroll taxes owed to the various governments at the end of a period.
percentage of sales models
Planning model in which sales forecasts are the driving variables and most other variables are
Personal tax view (of capital structure)
The argument that the difference in personal tax rates between
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
Profit before interest and taxes (PBIT)
A tax in which the rich pay a larger percentage of income than the poor. Contrast with regressive tax.
Progressive tax system
A tax system wherein the average tax rate increases for some increases in income but
A tax taking the same percentage of income regardless of the level of income.
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
A tax in which the poor pay a larger percentage of income than the rich. Contrast with progressive tax.
return on sales
This ratio equals net income divided by sales revenue.
Roth IRA. An IRA account whose earnings are not taxable at all under certain
Amounts earned by the company from the sale of merchandise or services; often used interchangeably with the term revenue.
A reduction in a price that is allowed by the seller, due to a problem
The fee charged by a mutual fund when purchasing shares, usually payable as a commission to
A reduction in the price of a product or service that is offered by the
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of the discounts for early payment allowed on sales.
A key input to a firm's financial planning process. External sales forecasts are based on
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a credit to sales.
The mix of product/services offered by the business, each of which may be aimed at different customers, with each product/service having different prices and costs.
the relative combination of quantities of sales of the various products that make up the total sales of a company
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of sales made that were later returned.
Sales Revenue Revenue recognized from the sales of products as opposed to the provision of
An arrangement whereby a firm leases its own equipment, such as IBM leasing its own
Lease accounting used by a manufacturer who is also a lessor. Up-front gross
Sales value at split-off
A cost allocation methodology that allocates joint costs to joint
sales value at split-off allocation
a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
Short-term tax exempts
Short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
State Disability Tax
A tax charged by selected states to maintain a disability insurance
Statutory Tax Rate
The income tax rate that is stated in income tax law. It is applied to taxable
TANs (tax anticipation notes)
tax anticipation notes issued by states or municipalities to finance current
Tax anticipation bills (TABs)
Special bills that the Treasury occasionally issues that mature on corporate
tax benefit (of depreciation)
the amount of depreciation deductible for tax purposes multiplied by the tax rate;
Set of books kept by a firm's management for the IRS that follows IRS rules. The stockholder's
Tax clawback agreement
An agreement to contribute as equity to a project the value of all previously
postponing taxation of an amount until a future date
Tax deferral option
The feature of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code that the capital gains tax on an asset is
current compensation that is taxed at a future date
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