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Safety-net return |
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Definition of Safety-net returnSafety-net returnThe minimum available return that will trigger an immunization strategy in a contingent
Related Terms:Abnormal returnsPart of the return that is not due to systematic influences (market wide influences). In Absolute Right of ReturnGoods may be returned to the seller by the purchaser without restrictions. Accounting rate of return (ARR)A method of investment appraisal that measures accounting rate of return (ARR)the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow After-tax real rate of returnMoney after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate. annual returnThe fund return, for any 12-month period, including changes in unit value and the reinvestment of distributions, but not taking into account sales, redemption, distribution or other optional charges or income taxes payable by any unitholder that would reduce returns. Annualized holding period returnThe annual rate of return that when compounded t times, would have approximated net realizable value at split-off allocationa method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a Arithmetic average (mean) rate of returnArithmetic mean return. Arithmetic mean returnAn average of the subperiod returns, calculated by summing the subperiod returns Average accounting returnThe average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average Average rate of return (ARR)The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested. book rate of returnAccounting income divided by book value. Book ReturnsBook yield is the investment income earned in a year on a portfolio of assets purchased over a number of years and at different interest rates, divided by the book value of those assets. CARs (cumulative abnormal returns)a measure used in academic finance articles to measure the excess returns an investor would have received over a particular time period if he or she were invested in a particular stock. Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards ActA federal Act requiring federal contractors to pay overtime for hours worked exceeding 40 per week. Cumulative abnormal return (CAR)Sum of the differences between the expected return on a stock and the Dollar returnThe return realized on a portfolio for any evaluation period, including (1) the change in market Dollar safety marginThe dollar equivalent of the safety cushion for a portfolio in a contingent immunization Dollar-weighted rate of returnAlso called the internal rate of return, the interest rate that will make the European Monetary System (EMS)An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies Ex post returnRelated: Holding period return Exante returnThe expected return of a portfolio based on the expected returns of its component assets and Excess return on the market portfolioThe difference between the return on the market portfolio and the Excess returnsAlso called abnormal returns, returns in excess of those required by some asset pricing model. Expected future returnThe return that is expected to be earned on an asset in the future. Also called the Expected returnThe return expected on a risky asset based on a probability distribution for the possible rates Expected ReturnThe total amount of money (return) an investor anticipates to receive from an investment. Expected return-beta relationshipImplication of the CAPM that security risk premiums will be Expected return on investmentThe return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset Exposure nettingOffsetting exposures in one currency with exposures in the same or another currency, Firm's net value of debtTotal firm value minus total firm debt. Geometric mean returnAlso called the time weighted rate of return, a measure of the compounded rate of Holding period returnThe rate of return over a given period. Horizon returnTotal return over a given horizon. Incremental internal rate of returnIRR on the incremental investment from choosing a large project Internal rate of returnDollar-weighted rate of return. Discount rate at which net present value (NPV) Internal rate of return a. The average annual yield earned by an investment during the period held. Internal rate of returnThe rate of return at which the present value of a series of future Internal rate of return (IRR)A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the effective cost of capital that produces a net present value of zero from a series of future cash flows and an internal rate of return (IRR)The precise discount rate that makes the Internal Rate of Return (IRR)The discount rate that equates the present value of the net cash internal rate of return (IRR)the expected or actual rate of internal rate of return (IRR)Discount rate at which project NPV = 0. International Monetary FundAn organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of International Monetary Fund (IMF)Organization originally established to manage the postwar fixed exchange rate system. International Monetary Market (IMM)A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial Internet business modela model that involves intraneta mechanism for sharing information and delivering data from corporate databases to the local-area network (LAN) desktops Inventory returnsInventory returned from a customer for any reason. This receipt Leveraged required returnThe required return on an investment when the investment is financed partially by debt. Margin of safetyA measure of the difference between the anticipated and breakeven levels of activity. margin of safetythe excess of the budgeted or actual sales Market returnThe return on the market portfolio. MonetarismSchool of economic thought stressing the importance of the money supply in the economy. Adherents believe that the economy is inherently stable, so that policy is best undertaken through adoption of a policy rule. Monetarist RuleProposal that the money supply be increased at a steady rate equal approximately to the real rate of growth of the economy. Contrast with discretionary policy. Monetary AggregateAny measure of the economy's money supply. Monetary BaseSee money base. Monetary goldGold held by governmental authorities as a financial asset. Monetary / non-monetary methodUnder this translation method, monetary items (e.g. cash, accounts Monetary policyActions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the Monetary PolicyActions taken by the central bank to change the supply of money and the interest rate and thereby affect economic activity. Monetizing the DebtSee printing money. Money rate of returnAnnual money return as a percentage of asset value. Multiple rates of returnMore than one rate of return from the same project that make the net present value Net adjusted present valueThe adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment. Net advantage of refundingThe net present value of the savings from a refunding. Net advantage to leasingThe net present value of entering into a lease financing arrangement rather than Net advantage to mergingThe difference in total post- and pre-merger market value minus the cost of the merger. net asset valueThe value of all the holdings of a mutual fund, less the fund's liabilities. Net asset value (NAV)The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share Net assetsThe difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm Net benefit to leverage factorA linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the Net book valueThe current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any Net Cash after OperationsCash flow available for debt service—the payment of interest and principal on loans. Generally calculated as cash provided by operating activities before interest Net cash balanceBeginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements. Net changeThis is the difference between a day's last trade and the previous day's last trade. net cost of normal spoilagethe cost of spoiled work less the estimated disposal value of that work Net Domestic ProductGDP minus depreciation. Net errors and omissionsIn balance of payments accounting, net errors and omissions record the statistical Net ExportsExports minus imports. Net financing costAlso called the cost of carry or, simply, carry, the difference between the cost of financing Net floatSum of disbursement float and collection float. net floatDifference between payment float and availability float. Net incomeThe company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business, NET INCOMEThe profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales. Net incomeThe last line of the Income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period. Net incomeThe excess of revenues over expenses, including the impact of income taxes. net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and netoperating earnings) Net inventoryThe current inventory balance, less allocated or reserved items. Net investmentGross, or total, investment minus depreciation. Net InvestmentInvestment spending minus depreciation. Net leaseA lease arrangement under which the lessee is responsible for all property taxes, maintenance Net National ProductGNP minus depreciation. Net operating lossesLosses that a firm can take advantage of to reduce taxes. Net operating marginThe ratio of net operating income to net sales. Net PayThe amount of an employee’s wages payable after all tax and other deductions have been removed. Net periodThe period of time between the end of the discount period and the date payment is due. Net present valueA discounted cash flow methodology that uses a required rate of
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