Financial Terms REIT (real estate investment trust)

# Definition of REIT (real estate investment trust)

## REIT (real estate investment trust)

real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
fund. reits invest in real estate or loans secured by real estate and issue shares in such investments.

# Related Terms:

## After-tax real rate of return

Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.

## approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation

a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
simulated net realizable value at the split-off point; approximated
value is computed as final sales price minus
incremental separate costs

The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.

## capital investment analysis

Refers to various techniques and procedures
used to determine or to analyze future returns from an investment
of capital in order to evaluate the capital recovery pattern and the
periodic earnings from the investment. The two basic tools for capital
investment analysis are (1) spreadsheet models (which I strongly prefer)
and (2) mathematical equations for calculating the present value or
internal rate of return of an investment. Mathematical methods suffer
from a lack of information that the decision maker ought to consider. A
spreadsheet model supplies all the needed information and has other

## Capital Investments

Money used to purchase fixed assets for a business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.

## Collateral trust bonds

A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
stocks, notes, bonds, or other financial asset as security. Compare mortgage bond.

Indenture.

## Depository Trust Company (DTC)

DTC is a user-owned securities depository which accepts deposits of
eligible securities for custody, executes book-entry deliveries and records book-entry pledges of securities in
its custody, and provides for withdrawals of securities from its custody.

## Dividend reinvestment plan (DRP)

Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
company's stock, often without commissions. Some plans provide for the purchase of additional shares at a
discount to market price. Dividend reinvestment plans allow shareholders to accumulate stock over the Long
term using dollar cost averaging. The DRP is usually administered by the company without charges to the
holder.

## Equipment trust certificates

Certificates issued by a trust that was formed to purchase an asset and lease it
to a lessee. When the last of the certificates has been repaid, title of ownership of the asset reverts to the
lessee.

## Equity investment

Through equity investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity investment is corporate stock.

## Estate Planning

An insurance program designed to provide funds for insured's dependents upon death of the insured, and to also conserve, as much as possible, the personal assets that the insured wants to bequeath to heirs.

## Exchange Rate, Real

The nominal exchange rate corrected for price level differences.

## Expected return on investment

The return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset
pricing model.

## Foreign direct investment (FDI)

The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
operating control residing in the parent corporation.

## Future investment opportunities

The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
in the future that result from a current opportunity or operation.

## Grantor trust

A mechanism of issuing MBS wherein the mortgages' collateral is deposited with a trustee
under a custodial or trust agreement.

## guaranteed investment certificate (GIC)

A GIC is an investment that gives you a guaranteed rate of return over a fixed period of time, usually between 30 days and 5 years. GICs are available from banks, trust companies, and other financial institutions.

## Guaranteed investment contract (GIC)

A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
single premium, to pay the principal amount of a predetermined annual crediting (interest) rate over the life of
the investment, all of which is paid at the maturity date.

## Interest Rate, Real

Nominal interest rate less expected inflation.

## Intestate

This means dying without a will, in which case the provincial laws of the province in which the death occurred apply to the manner in which assets will be distributed. In other words, if you don't write your own will, the government will do it for you after your death and it may not be as you would have wished.

## Investment

The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
return of funds at some point in the future

## Investment analysts

Related: financial analysts

## Investment bank

Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
securities, facilitating mergers and other corporate reorganizations, acting as brokers to both individual and
institutional clients, and trading for their own accounts. Underwriters.

## Investment Banker

Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.

## investment center

a responsibility center in which the manager
is responsible for generating revenues and planning
and controlling expenses and has the authority to acquire,
dispose of, and use plant assets to earn the highest rate
of return feasible on those assets within the confines and
to the support of the organization’s goals

## Investment centre

A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
the capital invested in the division or unit.

## investment decision

a judgment about which assets will be
acquired by an entity to achieve its stated objectives

## Investment decisions

Decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
offer a new product.

Bonds rated Baa or above by Moody’s or BBB or above by Standard & Poor’s.

A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
rating companies. For example, S&P classifies investment grade bonds as BBB or higher, and Moodys'
classifies investment grade bonds as Ba or higher. Related: High-yield bond.

## Investment income

The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
investment management Also called portfolio management and money management, the process of
managing money.

## Investment manager

Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
portfolio of investments.

## Investment product line (IPML)

The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
(nondiversifiable risk).

## Investment Spending

Expenditures on capital goods including new housing. Financial ''investments" and sales of existing assets are not included.

## Investment tax credit

Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
(abolished in 1986).

## Investment Tax Credit

A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.

## Investment trust

A closed-end fund regulated by the investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
fixed number of shares which are traded on the secondary markets similarly to corporate stocks. The market
price may exceed the net asset value per share, in which case it is considered at a "premium." When the
market price falls below the NAV/share, it is at a "discount." Many closed-end funds are of a specialized
nature, with the portfolio representing a particular industry, country, etc. These funds are usually listed on US
and foreign exchanges.

## Investment value

Related:straight value.

## Investments

As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
viewpoint. This area deals with the firm's financing decision, but from the other side of the transaction.

## Legal investments

investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
that govern its investing.

## Mutually exclusive investment decisions

investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
precludes the acceptance of one or more alternative projects.

## Net investment

Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.

## Net Investment

investment spending minus depreciation.

## Net present value of future investments

The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
all of the firm's future investments.

## Net Realizable Value

Selling price of an asset less expenses of bringing the asset into a saleable state and expenses of the sale.

## net realizable value approach

a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
(1) cost of goods sold when the joint products are sold or
(2) the joint process cost allocated to the joint products

## net realizable value at split-off allocation

a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
to prepare and dispose of the products; it requires
that all joint products be salable at the split-off point

## Net realizeable value

The expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or
service, less the costs of the sale transaction.

## Passive investment management

index without attempting to search out mispriced securities.

## Passive investment strategy

See: passive management.

## Personal trust

An interest in an asset held by a trustee for the benefit of another person.

## postinvestment audit

the process of gathering information
on the actual results of a capital project and comparing
them to the expected results

Qualified investments is the term used for investments that can be held in an RSP. These investments generally include:
Canadian dollar savings accounts, guaranteed investment certificates, term deposits
shares of Canadian and foreign companies listed on a prescribed stock exchange
shares of some over-the-counter U.S. and Canadian companies
certain types of bonds and money-market investments such as treasury bills, Canada Savings Bonds, Government of Canada bonds, provincial government bonds, Crown Corporation bonds, bonds issued by Canadian corporations listed on a prescribed stock exchange, and certain strip bonds
certain types of mortgages, including your own
certain covered call options, warrants and rights
certain mutual funds

## Real

Measured in base year, or constant, dollars. Contrast with nominal.

## Real Actions (Earnings) Management

Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
or delay in the recognition of revenue or expenses. The delay or acceleration of shipment would
be an example.

## Real assets

Identifiable assets, such as buildings, equipment, patents, and trademarks, as distinguished from a
financial obligation.

## real assets

Assets used to produce goods and services.

Belief that business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.

## Real capital

Wealth that can be represented in financial terms, such as savings account balances, financial
securities, and real estate.

## Real cash flow

A cash flow is expressed in real terms if the current, or date 0, purchasing power of the cash
flow is given.

## Real Exchange Rate

Exchange rate adjusted for relative price levels.

## Real exchange rates

Exchange rates that have been adjusted for the inflation differential between two countries.

## Real GDP

GDP expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal GDP by a price index.

## Real Income

Income expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal income by a price index.

## Real interest rate

The rate of interest excluding the effect of inflation; that is, the rate that is earned in terms
of constant-purchasing-power dollars. Interest rate expressed in terms of real goods, i.e. nominal interest rate

## Real Interest Rate

The rate of interest paid on an investment adjusted for inflation

## real interest rate

Rate at which the purchasing power of an investment increases.

## Real market

The bid and offer prices at which a dealer could do "size." Quotes in the brokers market may
reflect not the real market, but pictures painted by dealers playing trading games.

## real microprofit center

a center whose output has a market value

## Real Money Supply

Money supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money supply by a price index.

## real options

Options embedded in real assets.

## Real Rate of Interest

See interest rate, real.

## Real time

A real time stock or bond quote is one that states a security's most recent offer to sell or bid (buy).
A delayed quote shows the same bid and ask prices 15 minutes and sometimes 20 minutes after a trade takes place.

## Real Wage

Wage expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money wage by a price index.

## Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and

services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.

## Realized compound yield

Yield assuming that coupon payments are invested at the going market interest
rate at the time of their receipt and rolled over until the bond matures.

## Realized Gains and Losses

Increases or decreases in the fair value of an asset or a liability that
are realized through sale or settlement.

## Realized return

The return that is actually earned over a given time period.

## Realized Revenue

A revenue transaction where goods and services are exchanged for cash or
claims to cash.

## realized value approach

a method of accounting for byproducts or scrap that does not recognize any value for these products until they are sold; the value recognized
upon sale can be treated as other revenue or other income

## Regular Investment Plan (RIP)

A plan under which you may make regular deposits of the same amount to your Mutual Funds account once a month, once every 2 weeks, or once a week. You can also make regular deposits up to four times a month on any dates you choose.

## reinvestment assumption

an assumption made about the rates of return that will be earned by intermediate cash flows from a capital project; NPV and PI assume reinvestment at the discount rate; IRR assumes reinvestment at the IRR

## Reinvestment rate

The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
reinvested over the life of that security.

## Reinvestment risk

The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
interest rate.

## REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)

A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
secured by any type of real property and issue multiple classes of ownership interests to investors in the form
of pass-through certificates, bonds, or other legal forms. A financing vehicle created under the Tax Reform
Act of 1986.

## Restatement of Prior-Year Financial Statements

A recasting of prior-year financial statements to remove the effects of an error or other adjustment and report them on a new basis.

## return on investment

a ratio that relates income generated
by an investment center to the resources (or asset base)
used to produce that income

## Return on investment (ROI)

Generally, book income as a proportion of net book value.

## RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)

In its most basic form, the rate of return equals net income divided by the amount of money invested. It can be applied to a particular product or piece of equipment, or to a business as a whole.

## Return on investment (ROI)

The net profit after tax as a percentage of the shareholders’ investment in the business.

## return on investment (ROI)

A very general concept that refers to some
measure of income, earnings, profit, or gain over a period of time
divided by the amount of capital invested during the period. It is almost
always expressed as a percent. For a business, an important ROI measure
is its return on equity (ROE), which is computed by dividing its net
income for the period by its owners’ equity during the period.

## Short-term investment services

Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.

## Term trust

A closed-end fund that has a fixed termination or maturity date.

## Trust Company

Organization usually combined with a commercial bank, which is engaged as a trustee for individuals or businesses in the administration of trust funds, estates, custodial arrangements, stock transfer and registration, and other related services.

## Trust deed

Agreement between trustee and borrower setting out terms of bond.

## Trust receipt

Receipt for goods that are to be held in trust for the lender.

## Underinvestment problem

The mirror image of the asset substitution problem, wherein stockholders refuse
to invest in low-risk assets to avoid shifting wealth from themselves to the debtholders.
Underlying
The "something" that the parties agree to exchange in a derivative contract.