|Foreign direct investment (FDI)|
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Definition of Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.
Refers to various techniques and procedures
Money used to purchase fixed assets for a business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
a cost that is distinctly traceable to a particular cost object
A cost that can be clearly associated with specific activities or products.
see variable costing
A costing methodology that only assigns direct labor and material costs
Costs that are readily traceable to particular products or services.
The direct transfer of payroll funds from the company bank account
A system where funds are electronically credited to your account by a financial institution or a payroll service. For example, you can arrange with your employer to have your pay cheques automatically deposited into your no fee bank account.
A method of cash budgeting based on detailed estimates of cash receipts and cash
the time spent by individuals who work specifically
Labor that is specifically incurred to create a product.
Lease in which the lessor purchases new equipment from the manufacturer and leases it to the
a readily identifiable part of a product; the cost of such a part
Direct materials cost
The cost of all materials used in a cost object, such as finished goods.
Direct materials mix variance
The variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of
A method of preparing the operating section of the Statement of Cash Flows that uses the company’s actual cash inflows and cash outflows.
a service department cost allocation approach
A format for the operating section of the cash-flow statement that reports actual cash receipts and cash disbursements from operating activities.
Commercial paper sold directly by the issuer to investors.
Selling a new issue not by offering it for sale publicly, but by placing it with one of several
For foreign exchange, the number of U.S. dollars needed to buy one unit of a foreign currency.
Advertising designed to elicit sales to customers who can be
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
Direct stock-purchase programs
The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.
Direct write-off method
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected by eliminating the account balances of specific nonpaying customers.
A member of a company’s Board of directors.
Dividend reinvestment plan (DRP)
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
Through equity investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity investment is corporate stock.
Expected return on investment
The return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A federal institution that insures bank deposits.
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)
a law passed by U.S. Congress in 1977 that makes it illegal for a U.S. company to engage in various “questionable” foreign payments and
Foreign currency option
An option that conveys the right to buy or sell a specified amount of foreign
Foreign currency translation
The process of restating foreign currency accounts of subsidiaries into the
Foreign equity market
That portion of the domestic equity market that represents issues floated by foreign companies.
Currency from another country.
The currency of a foreign country.
Foreign exchange controls
Various forms of controls imposed by a government on the purchase/sale of
Foreign exchange dealer
A firm or individual that buys foreign exchange from one party and then sells it to
Foreign Exchange Market
A worldwide market in which one country's currency is bought or sold in exchange for another country's currency.
Foreign Exchange Reserves
A fund containing the central bank's holdings of foreign currency or claims thereon.
Foreign exchange risk
The risk that a long or short position in a foreign currency might have to be closed out
Foreign exchange swap
An agreement to exchange stipulated amounts of one currency for another currency
Part of a nation's internal market, representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Foreign market beta
A measure of foreign market risk that is derived from the capital asset pricing model.
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 that
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
Future investment opportunities
The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
guaranteed investment certificate (GIC)
A GIC is an investment that gives you a guaranteed rate of return over a fixed period of time, usually between 30 days and 5 years. GICs are available from banks, trust companies, and other financial institutions.
Guaranteed investment contract (GIC)
A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
a cost that cannot be traced explicitly to a particular
A cost that is not directly associated with a single activity or event. Such
Costs that are necessary to produce a product/service but are not readily traceable to particular products or services – see overhead.
The cost of any labor that supports the production process, but which is
A method of preparing the operating section of the Statement of Cash Flows that does not use the company’s actual cash inflows and cash outflows, but instead arrives at the net cash flow by taking net income and adjusting it for noncash expenses and the changes from last year in the current assets and current liabilities.
A format for the operating section of the cash-flow statement that
For foreign exchange, the number of units of a foreign currency needed to buy one U.S.$.
Taxes paid by consumers when they buy goods and services. A sales tax is an example.
Interac® Direct Payment
Instead of paying with cash or a credit card, Interac direct Payment allows you to pay for your purchase with a debit card, such as your bank card. The amount of the purchase is electronically debited, or withdrawn, from your bank account (see debit card).
The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
Related: financial analysts
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
a responsibility center in which the manager
A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
a judgment about which assets will be
Decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
Bonds rated Baa or above by Moody’s or BBB or above by Standard & Poor’s.
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
Investment product line (IPML)
The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
Expenditures on capital goods including new housing. Financial ''investments" and sales of existing assets are not included.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
A closed-end fund regulated by the investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
Mutually exclusive investment decisions
investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
investment spending minus depreciation.
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
Passive investment strategy
See: passive management.
the process of gathering information
pre-authorized direct deposit
A system where funds are electronically credited to your account by a financial institution or a payroll service.
qualified investments (Canada)
Qualified investments is the term used for investments that can be held in an RSP. These investments generally include:
Regular Investment Plan (RIP)
A plan under which you may make regular deposits of the same amount to your Mutual Funds account once a month, once every 2 weeks, or once a week. You can also make regular deposits up to four times a month on any dates you choose.
an assumption made about the rates of return that will be earned by intermediate cash flows from a capital project; NPV and PI assume reinvestment at the discount rate; IRR assumes reinvestment at the IRR
The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
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