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Definition of Investment decisions
decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
Market value of assets divided by replacement value of assets. A Tobin's Q ratio greater than 1
The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.
Refers to various techniques and procedures
Money used to purchase fixed assets for a business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
Through equity investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity investment is corporate stock.
The return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset
decisions concerning the liabilities and stockholders' equity side of the firm's balance
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
A GIC is an investment that gives you a guaranteed rate of return over a fixed period of time, usually between 30 days and 5 years. GICs are available from banks, trust companies, and other financial institutions.
A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
Related: financial analysts
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
a responsibility center in which the manager
A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
a judgment about which assets will be
Bonds rated Baa or above by Moody’s or BBB or above by Standard & Poor’s.
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
Investment product line (IPML)
The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
Expenditures on capital goods including new housing. Financial ''investments" and sales of existing assets are not included.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
A closed-end fund regulated by the investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
decisions concerning the operation of the firm, such as the choice of firm size, firm
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
investment spending minus depreciation.
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
Passive investment strategy
See: passive management.
the process of gathering information
qualified investments (Canada)
Qualified investments is the term used for investments that can be held in an RSP. These investments generally include:
Regular Investment Plan (RIP)
A plan under which you may make regular deposits of the same amount to your Mutual Funds account once a month, once every 2 weeks, or once a week. You can also make regular deposits up to four times a month on any dates you choose.
an assumption made about the rates of return that will be earned by intermediate cash flows from a capital project; NPV and PI assume reinvestment at the discount rate; IRR assumes reinvestment at the IRR
The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
REIT (real estate investment trust)
Real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)
A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
return on investment
a ratio that relates income generated
Return on investment (ROI)
Generally, book income as a proportion of net book value.
RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)
In its most basic form, the rate of return equals net income divided by the amount of money invested. It can be applied to a particular product or piece of equipment, or to a business as a whole.
Return on investment (ROI)
The net profit after tax as a percentage of the shareholders’ investment in the business.
return on investment (ROI)
A very general concept that refers to some
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
The mirror image of the asset substitution problem, wherein stockholders refuse
Unit investment trust
Money invested in a portfolio whose composition is fixed for the life of the fund.
A portfolio of zero net value established by buying and shorting component
Adjusted present value (APV)
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
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