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real microprofit center

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Definition of real microprofit center

Real Microprofit Center Image 1

real microprofit center

a center whose output has a market value



Related Terms:

activity center

a segment of the production or service
process for which management wants to separately report
the costs of the activities performed


After-tax real rate of return

Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.


approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation

a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
simulated net realizable value at the split-off point; approximated
value is computed as final sales price minus
incremental separate costs


Commodities Exchange Center (CEC)

The location of five New York futures exchanges: Commodity
Exchange, Inc. (COMEX), the New York Mercantile exchange (NYMEX), the New York Cotton Exchange,
the Coffee, Sugar and Cocoa exchange (CSC), and the New York futures exchange (NYFE). common size
statement A statement in which all items are expressed as a percentage of a base figure, useful for purposes of
analyzing trends and the changing relationship between financial statement items. For example, all items in
each year's income statement could be presented as a percentage of net sales.


cost center

a responsibility center in which the manager has
the authority to incur costs and is evaluated on the basis
of how well costs are controlled



Distribution center

A branch warehouse containing finished goods and service
items intended for distribution directly to customers.


Exchange Rate, Real

The nominal exchange rate corrected for price level differences.


Real Microprofit Center Image 2

Interest Rate, Real

Nominal interest rate less expected inflation.


investment center

a responsibility center in which the manager
is responsible for generating revenues and planning
and controlling expenses and has the authority to acquire,
dispose of, and use plant assets to earn the highest rate
of return feasible on those assets within the confines and
to the support of the organization’s goals


Money center banks

Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.


Net Realizable Value

Selling price of an asset less expenses of bringing the asset into a saleable state and expenses of the sale.


net realizable value approach

a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
(1) cost of goods sold when the joint products are sold or
(2) the joint process cost allocated to the joint products


net realizable value at split-off allocation

a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
to prepare and dispose of the products; it requires
that all joint products be salable at the split-off point


Net realizeable value

The expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or
service, less the costs of the sale transaction.


profit center

a responsibility center in which managers are responsible for generating revenues and planning and controlling all expenses


Profit center

An entity within a corporation against which both revenues and costs are
recorded. This results in a separate financial statement for each such entity, which
reveals a net profit or loss, as well as a return on any assets used by the entity.


Real Microprofit Center Image 3

pseudo microprofit center

a center for which a surrogate
of market value must be used to measure output revenue


Real

Measured in base year, or constant, dollars. Contrast with nominal.



Real Actions (Earnings) Management

Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
or delay in the recognition of revenue or expenses. The delay or acceleration of shipment would
be an example.


Real assets

Identifiable assets, such as buildings, equipment, patents, and trademarks, as distinguished from a
financial obligation.


real assets

Assets used to produce goods and services.


Real Business Cycle Theory

Belief that business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.


Real capital

Wealth that can be represented in financial terms, such as savings account balances, financial
securities, and real estate.


Real cash flow

A cash flow is expressed in real terms if the current, or date 0, purchasing power of the cash
flow is given.


Real Exchange Rate

Exchange rate adjusted for relative price levels.


Real exchange rates

Exchange rates that have been adjusted for the inflation differential between two countries.


Real GDP

GDP expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal GDP by a price index.


Real Microprofit Center Image 4

Real Income

Income expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal income by a price index.



Real interest rate

The rate of interest excluding the effect of inflation; that is, the rate that is earned in terms
of constant-purchasing-power dollars. Interest rate expressed in terms of real goods, i.e. nominal interest rate
adjusted for inflation.


Real Interest Rate

The rate of interest paid on an investment adjusted for inflation


real interest rate

Rate at which the purchasing power of an investment increases.


Real market

The bid and offer prices at which a dealer could do "size." Quotes in the brokers market may
reflect not the real market, but pictures painted by dealers playing trading games.


Real Money Supply

Money supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money supply by a price index.


real options

Options embedded in real assets.


Real Rate of Interest

See interest rate, real.


Real time

A real time stock or bond quote is one that states a security's most recent offer to sell or bid (buy).
A delayed quote shows the same bid and ask prices 15 minutes and sometimes 20 minutes after a trade takes place.


real value of $1

Purchasing power–adjusted value of a dollar.


Real Wage

Wage expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money wage by a price index.


Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and

services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.


Realized compound yield

Yield assuming that coupon payments are invested at the going market interest
rate at the time of their receipt and rolled over until the bond matures.


Realized Gains and Losses

Increases or decreases in the fair value of an asset or a liability that
are realized through sale or settlement.


Realized return

The return that is actually earned over a given time period.


Realized Revenue

A revenue transaction where goods and services are exchanged for cash or
claims to cash.


realized value approach

a method of accounting for byproducts or scrap that does not recognize any value for these products until they are sold; the value recognized
upon sale can be treated as other revenue or other income


Reinvoicing center

A central financial subsidiary used by an MNC to reduce transaction exposure by having
all home country exports billed in the home currency and then reinvoiced to each operating affililate in that
affiliate's local currency. It can also be used as a netting center.


REIT (real estate investment trust)

real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
fund. REITs invest in real estate or loans secured by real estate and issue shares in such investments.


REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)

A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
secured by any type of real property and issue multiple classes of ownership interests to investors in the form
of pass-through certificates, bonds, or other legal forms. A financing vehicle created under the Tax Reform
Act of 1986.


responsibility center

a cost object under the control of a manager


revenue center

a responsibility center for which a manager is accountable only for the generation of revenues and has no control over setting selling prices, or budgeting or incurring costs



 

 

 

 

 

 

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