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Definition of Prices
Price of a share of common stock on the date shown. Highs and lows are based on the highest and
The amount of money that a willing buyer pays to acquire something from a willing seller,
An inventory valuation method in which a company values the items in its ending inventory based
One who uses statistical information to evaluate the probability of future events and prices insurance products.
A means of compensating the broker of a program trade solely on the basis of commission
Certificates issued by a U.S. depositary bank, representing foreign
The simultaneous buying and selling of a security at two different prices in two different markets,
Transactions designed to make a sure profit from inconsistent prices.
An arithmetic mean of selected stocks intended to represent the behavior of the market or some
1) When bond yields and prices fall, the market is said to back-up.
A market condition in which futures prices are lower in the distant delivery months than in
An investor who believes a stock or the overall market will decline. A bear market is a prolonged period
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
A situation in which large traders sell positions with the intention of driving prices down.
spread The difference between the bid and asked prices.
A method of pricing options or other equity derivatives in
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
Security prices sometimes move wildly above their true values.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
a system using transfer prices; see transfer
Also known as the range. The high and low prices, or bids and offers, recorded during the
an organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
A market condition in which futures prices are higher in the distant delivery months.
A variable like GDP is measured in current dollars if each year's value is measured in prices prevailing during that year. In contrast, when measured in real or constant dollars, each year's value is measured in a base year's prices.
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
selling products abroad at lower prices than those
Positive or negative differences from the consensus forecast of earnings by institutions
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
efficient capital markets
Financial markets in which security prices rapidly reflect all relevant information about asset values.
Efficient Market Hypothesis
In general the hypothesis states that all relevant information is fully and
A statistical study that examines how the release of information affects prices at a particular time.
A method of budgetary control that flexes, i.e. adjusts the original budget by applying standard
Foreign exchange dealer
A firm or individual that buys foreign exchange from one party and then sells it to
An investment/trading strategy that exploits divergences between actual and theoretical
The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising.
Rate at which prices as a whole are increasing.
The speed and accuracy with which prices reflect new information.
Statistical assumptions about the behavior of security prices. For
Theory that says a country's trade deficit will initially worsen after its currency depreciates because
law of one price
Theory that prices of goods in all countries should be equal when translated to a common currency.
The net proceeds (after taxes and expenses) of selling the assets
Make a market
A dealer is said to make a market when he quotes bid and offered prices at which he stands
The production of financial and non-financial information used in planning for the future; making decisions about products, services, prices and what costs to incur; and ensuring that plans are implemented and achieved.
mark to market
Refers to the accounting method that records increases
The system whereby using prices, the interaction of supply and demand allocates inputs and distributes outputs.
Marketplace price efficiency
The degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace
the period after an announcement of a takeover bid in which stock prices typically rise until a merger or acquisition is made (or until it falls through).
material yield variance
(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price);
The costs to firms of changing their prices.
Used in charts and technical analysis, the average of security or commodity prices
A price average that is adjusted by adding other
A financial chart that plots leading and lagging
Economists who, like classical economists, believe that wages and prices are sufficiently flexible to solve the unemployment problem without help from government policy.
Economists who, like Keynes, believe that for good reason wages and prices are sticky and so prolong recessions, suggesting a need for government policy.
One man picture
The picture quoted by a broker is said to be a one-man picture if both the bid and offered
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, a group of oil exporters that brought about the dramatic increases in oil prices during the 1970s.
Open-market purchase operation
A systematic program of repurchasing shares of stock in market
A net long or short position whose value will change with a change in prices.
The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were
An indicator that attempts to define when prices have moved too far and too
The supposition that investors overreact to unanticipated news, resulting in
Path dependent option
An option whose value depends on the sequence of prices of the underlying asset
Perfectly competitive financial markets
Markets in which no trader has the power to change the price of
The bid and asked prices quoted by a broker for a given security.
prices after the decision to trade.
prices occurring before or at the decision to trade.
Price discovery process
The process of determining the prices of the assets in the marketplace through the
Ease with which prices adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
A weighted average of prices of all goods and services where the weights are given by total spending on each good or service. Measured by a price index.
Adjustment mechanism under the classical gold standard whereby
Resistance of prices to change.
Individuals who respond to rates and prices by acting as though they have no influence on them.
A relationship espoused by some technical analysts that signals continuing rises
Also called external efficiency, a market characteristic where prices at all times fully
The bid and offered prices a dealer is willing to buy or sell at.
An upward movement of prices. Opposite of reaction.
random walk theory
Security prices change randomly, with no predictable trends or patterns.
The high and low prices, or high and low bids and offers recorded during a specified time.
A decline in prices following an advance. Opposite of rally.
The bid and offer prices at which a dealer could do "size." Quotes in the brokers market may
A real time stock or bond quote is one that states a security's most recent offer to sell or bid (buy).
The amount necessary to duplicate a company's assets at current
a responsibility center for which a manager is accountable only for the generation of revenues and has no control over setting selling prices, or budgeting or incurring costs
The mix of product/services offered by the business, each of which may be aimed at different customers, with each product/service having different prices and costs.
United States Department of Treasury regulations governing transfer prices.
Market prices reflect all publicly available information.
A figure determined by the closing range which is used to calculate gains and losses in
A situation in which a lack of supply tends to force prices upward.
Spot futures parity theorem
Describes the theoretically correct relationship between spot and futures prices.
1) The gap between bid and ask prices of a stock or other security.
For options, a combination of call or put options on the same stock
standard cost card
a document that summarizes the direct
Occurs when a firm issues new shares of stock but in turn lowers the current market price of its
Market prices rapidly reflect all information that could in principle be used to determine true value.
Taking a view
A London expression for forming an opinion as to where market prices are headed and acting on it.
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