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Definition of bear market
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
An investor who believes a stock or the overall market will decline. A bear market is a prolonged period
A small upmove in a bear market.
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
A situation in which large traders sell positions with the intention of driving prices down.
Bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
An illegal market.
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
A bull CD pays its holder a specified percentage of the increase in return on a specified
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
Words used to describe investor attitudes. Bullish refers to an optimistic outlook while
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
The market in which investors buy and sell shares of companies, normally associated with a Stock Exchange.
A market that specializes in trading long-term, relatively high risk
The market in which savings are made available to those needing funds to undertake investment projects. A financial market in which longer-term (maturity greater than one year) bonds and stocks are traded.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
markets for long-term financing.
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
An agreement between two or more countries that permits the free movement of capital
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
A market where traders specializing in particular commodities buy and sell assets for their
The market for trading debt instruments.
markets for derivative instruments.
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
Part of a nation's internal market representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
efficient capital markets
Financial markets in which security prices rapidly reflect all relevant information about asset values.
Efficient Market Hypothesis
In general the hypothesis states that all relevant information is fully and
Efficient Markets Hypothesis
The hypothesis that securities are typically in equilibrium--that they are fairly priced in the sense that the price reflects all publicly available information on the security.
In the interbank Eurodollar deposit market, an either-way market is one in which the bid
The financial markets of developing economies.
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
The money market for borrowing and lending currencies that are held in the form of
Excess return on the market portfolio
The difference between the return on the market portfolio and the
Also referred to as the international market, the offshore market, or, more popularly, the
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
Fair market value
The price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market.
Fair Market Value
The highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact.
Farm Improvement and Marketing Cooperatives Loans Act
Federal funds market
The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
Fed committee that makes decisions about open-market operations.
An organized institutional structure or mechanism for creating and exchanging financial assets.
markets in which financial assets are traded.
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Foreign equity market
That portion of the domestic equity market that represents issues floated by foreign companies.
Foreign Exchange Market
A worldwide market in which one country's currency is bought or sold in exchange for another country's currency.
Part of a nation's internal market, representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Foreign market beta
A measure of foreign market risk that is derived from the capital asset pricing model.
Forward Exchange Market
A market in which foreign exchange can be bought or sold for delivery (and payment) at some specified future date but at a price agreed upon now.
A market in which participants agree to trade some commodity, security, or foreign
Direct trading in exchange-listed securities between investors without the use of a broker.
A market in which contracts for future delivery of a commodity or a security are bought or sold.
Purchases and sales of eurobonds that occur before the issue price is finally set.
Index and Option Market (IOM)
A division of the CME established in 1982 for trading stock index
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
The mechanisms for issuing and trading securities within a nation, including its domestic
Internally efficient market
Operationally efficient market.
Related: See external market.
International Monetary Market (IMM)
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
Intramarket sector spread
The spread between two issues of the same maturity within a market sector. For
A futures market in which the nearer months are selling at price premiums to the more
A market is locked if the bid = ask price. This can occur, for example, if the market is
Lower of cost or market
An accounting valuation rule that is used to reduce the
Make a market
A dealer is said to make a market when he quotes bid and offered prices at which he stands
The process whereby the book value or collateral value of a security is adjusted to reflect
mark to market
Refers to the accounting method that records increases
An arrangement whereby the profits or losses on a futures contract are settled each day.
market price of a share divided by book value per share.
The total dollar value of all outstanding shares. Computed as shares times current
Aggregate value of a corporation as determined by the market price of its total issued and outstanding stock.
market capitalization, or market cap
Current market value per share of
Market capitalization rate
Expected return on a security. The market-consensus estimate of the appropriate
Total demand for loans by borrowers equals total supply of loans from lenders. The market,
Market conversion price
Also called conversion parity price, the price that an investor effectively pays for
The period between the 2 latest highs or lows of the S&P 500, showing net performance of a
A price order, below market if a buy or above market if a sell, that automatically
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
Measure of the investment performance of the overall market.
The system whereby using prices, the interaction of supply and demand allocates inputs and distributes outputs.
This relationship is sometimes called the single-index model. The market model says that the
This is an order to immediately buy or sell a security at the current trading price.
The theory that in certain situations, institutions wish to sell their shares but postpone the
A portfolio consisting of all assets available to investors, with each asset held -in
Portfolio of all assets in the economy. In practice a broad stock market index, such as the Standard & Poor's Composite, is used to represent the market.
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