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open purchase ordering

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Definition of open purchase ordering

Open Purchase Ordering Image 1

open purchase ordering

a process by which a single purchase
order that expires at a set or determinable future
date is prepared to authorize a supplier to provide a large
quantity of one or more specified items on an as-requested
basis by the customer



Related Terms:

Average Propensity to Consume

Ratio of consumption to disposable income. See also marginal propensity to consume.


Average Propensity to Save

Ratio of saving to disposable income. See also marginal propensity to save.


Bargain-purchase-price option

Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
value when the lease expires.


Buy on opening

To buy at the beginning of a trading session at a price within the opening range.


Closing purchase

A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to reduce or eliminate a short position in
a stock, or in a given series of options.



Direct stock-purchase programs

The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.


Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)

Fed committee that makes decisions about open-market operations.


Open Purchase Ordering Image 2

Marginal Propensity to Consume

Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on consumption.


Marginal Propensity to Import

Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on imports.


Marginal Propensity to Save

Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is saved.


Minimum purchases

For mutual funds, the amount required to open a new account (Minimum Initial
purchase) or to deposit into an existing account (Minimum Additional purchase). These minimums may be
lowered for buyers participating in an automatic purchase plan


Money purchase plan

A defined benefit contribution plan in which the participant contributes some part and
the firm contributes at the same or a different rate. Also called and individual account plan.


Open account

Arrangement whereby sales are made with no formal debt contract. The buyer signs a receipt,
and the seller records the sale in the sales ledger.


open account

Agreement whereby sales are made with no formal debt contract.


Open book

See: unmatched book.


open-book management

a philosophy about increasing a firm’s performance by involving all workers and by ensuring
that all workers have access to operational and financial
information necessary to achieve performance improvements


Open contracts

Contracts which have been bought or sold without the transaction having been completed by
subsequent sale or purchase, or by making or taking actual delivery of the financial instrument or physical
commodity.


Open Economy

An economy which engages in a significant amount of trade. Contrast with closed economy.



Open-end fund

Also called a mutual fund, an investment company that stands ready to sell new shares to the
public and to redeem its outstanding shares on demand at a price equal to an appropriate share of the value of
its portfolio, which is computed daily at the close of the market.


Open-end mortgage

Mortgage against which additional debts may be issued. Related: closed-end mortgage.


Open (good-til-cancelled) order

An individual investor can place an order to buy or sell a security. That
open order stays active until it is completed or the investor cancels it.


Open interest

The total number of derivative contracts traded that not yet been liquidated either by an
offsetting derivative transaction or by delivery. Related: liquidation


Open-market operation

purchase or sale of government securities by the monetary authorities to increase or
decrease the domestic money supply.


Open-Market Operations

Buying or selling of bonds by the central bank.


Open-market purchase operation

A systematic program of repurchasing shares of stock in market
transactions at current market prices, in competition with other prospective investors.


Open-outcry

The method of trading used at futures exchanges, typically involving calling out the specific
details of a buy or sell order, so that the information is available to all traders.


Open position

A net long or short position whose value will change with a change in prices.


Open repo

A repo with no definite term. The agreement is made on a day-to-day basis and either the
borrower or the lender may choose to terminate. The rate paid is higher than on overnight repo and is subject
to adjustment if rates move.



Opening price

The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were
completed.


Opening purchase

A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to create or increase a long position in
a given series of options.


Opening sale

A transaction in which the seller's intention is to create or increase a short position in a given
series of options.


Opening, the

The period at the beginning of the trading session officially designated by the exchange during
which all transactions are considered made "at the opening". Related: Close, the


ordering cost

the variable cost associated with preparing,
receiving, and paying for an order


Preopening Costs

A form of start-up cost incurred in preparing for the opening of a new store or facility.


Purchase

To buy, to be long, to have an ownership position.


Purchase accounting

Method of accounting for a merger in which the acquirer is treated as having purchased
the assets and assumed liabilities of the acquiree, which are all written up or down to their respective fair
market values, the difference between the purchase price and the net assets acquired being attributed to goodwill.


Purchase agreement

As used in connection with project financing, an agreement to purchase a specific
amount of project output per period.


Purchase Agreement

This legal document records the final understanding of the parties with respect to the proposed transaction.


Purchase and sale

A method of securities distribution in which the securities firm purchases the securities
from the issuer for its own account at a stated price and then resells them, as contrasted with a best-efforts sale.


Purchase discounts

A contra account that reduces purchases by the amount of the discounts taken for early payment.


Purchase fund

Resembles a sinking fund except that money is used only to purchase bonds if they are selling
below their par value.


Purchase method

Accounting for an acquisition using market value for the consolidation of the two entities'
net assets on the balance sheet. Generally, depreciation/amortization will increase for this method compared
with pooling and will result in lower net income.


Purchase method

An accounting method used to combine the financial statements of
companies. This involves recording the acquired assets at fair market value, and the
excess of the purchase price over this value as goodwill, which will be amortized
over time.


Purchase price

Price actually paid for a security. Typically the purchase
price of a bond is not the same as the redemption value.


Purchase returns

A contra account that reduces purchases by the amount of items purchased that were subsequently returned.


Purchased In-Process Research and Development

Unfinished research and development that is acquired from another firm.


Purchases

Items purchased by the company for the purpose of resale.


Purchases journal

A journal used to record the transactions that result in a credit to accounts payable.


Reopen an issue

The Treasury, when it wants to sell additional securities, will occasionally sell more of an
existing issue (reopen it) rather than offer a new issue.


Repurchase agreement

An agreement with a commitment by the seller (dealer) to buy a security back from
the purchaser (customer) at a specified price at a designated future date. Also called a repo, it represents a
collateralized short-term loan, where the collateral may be a Treasury security, money market instrument,
federal agency security, or mortgage-backed security. From the purchaser (customer) perspective, the deal is
reported as a reverse Repo.


Repurchase of stock

Device to pay cash to firm's shareholders that provides more preferable tax treatment
for shareholders than dividends. Treasury stock is the name given to previously issued stock that has been
repurchased by the firm. A repurchase is achieved through either a dutch auction, open market, or tender offer.


Share repurchase

Program by which a corporation buys back its own shares in the open market. It is usually
done when shares are undervalued. Since it reduces the number of shares outstanding and thus increases
earnings per share, it tends to elevate the market value of the remaining shares held by stockholders.


Stock repurchase

A firm's repurchase of outstanding shares of its common stock.


stock repurchase

Firm buys back stock from its shareholders.


Targeted repurchase

The firm buys back its own stock from a potential bidder, usually at a substantial
premium, to forestall a takeover attempt.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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