|Direct stock-purchase programs|
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Definition of Direct stock-purchase programs
Direct stock-purchase programs
The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the acquiree's stock.
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
The second-largest stock exchange in the United States. It trades
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
The beta of a stock is determined as follows:
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
Ownership shares issued by a business corporation. A business
The total amount of plant, equipment, and other physical capital.
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to reduce or eliminate a short position in
These are securities that represent equity ownership in a company. Common shares let an
Shares of ownership sold to the public.
A financial security that represents an ownership claim on the
Ownership shares in a publicly held corporation.
That part of the capital stock of a corporation that carries voting rights and represents
Common stock equivalent
A convertible security that is traded like an equity issue because the optioned
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Common stock/other equity
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
Common stock ratios
Ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
Inventories owned by a company, but located on the premises
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be exchanged, at the
Convertible preferred stock
Preferred stock that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
Cost of Common Stock
The rate of return required by the investors in the common stock of
Cost of Preferred Stock
The rate of return required by the investors in the preferred stock of
Cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose dividends accrue, should the issuer not make timely
The informal and frequently unauthorized retention of excess inventory on the shop floor, which is used as buffer safety stock.
a cost that is distinctly traceable to a particular cost object
A cost that can be clearly associated with specific activities or products.
see variable costing
A costing methodology that only assigns direct labor and material costs
Costs that are readily traceable to particular products or services.
The direct transfer of payroll funds from the company bank account
A system where funds are electronically credited to your account by a financial institution or a payroll service. For example, you can arrange with your employer to have your pay cheques automatically deposited into your no fee bank account.
Direct estimate method
A method of cash budgeting based on detailed estimates of cash receipts and cash
the time spent by individuals who work specifically
Labor that is specifically incurred to create a product.
Lease in which the lessor purchases new equipment from the manufacturer and leases it to the
a readily identifiable part of a product; the cost of such a part
Direct materials cost
The cost of all materials used in a cost object, such as finished goods.
Direct materials mix variance
The variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of
A method of preparing the operating section of the Statement of Cash Flows that uses the company’s actual cash inflows and cash outflows.
a service department cost allocation approach
A format for the operating section of the cash-flow statement that reports actual cash receipts and cash disbursements from operating activities.
Commercial paper sold directly by the issuer to investors.
Selling a new issue not by offering it for sale publicly, but by placing it with one of several
For foreign exchange, the number of U.S. dollars needed to buy one unit of a foreign currency.
Advertising designed to elicit sales to customers who can be
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
Direct write-off method
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected by eliminating the account balances of specific nonpaying customers.
A member of a company’s Board of directors.
Dividend yield (Stocks)
Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price.
Earnings per share of common stock
How much profit a company made on each share of common stock this year.
Employee stock fund
A firm-sponsored program that enables employees to purchase shares of the firm's
Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP)
A company contributes to a trust fund that buys stock on behalf of
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
a profit-sharing compensation program in which investments are made in
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
A fund containing company stock and owned by employees, paid for by ongoing contributions by the employer.
Exchange of stock
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its stock in exchange for cash or shares.
Low-cost, high-usage inventory items stored near the shop floor,
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
Common stock of a company that has an opportunity to invest money and earn more than the
Heavenly Parachute Stock Option
A nonqualified stock option that allows a deceased option holder’s estate up to three years in which to exercise his or her
Incentive Stock Option
An option to purchase company stock that is not taxable
Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.
a cost that cannot be traced explicitly to a particular
A cost that is not directly associated with a single activity or event. Such
Costs that are necessary to produce a product/service but are not readily traceable to particular products or services – see overhead.
The cost of any labor that supports the production process, but which is
A method of preparing the operating section of the Statement of Cash Flows that does not use the company’s actual cash inflows and cash outflows, but instead arrives at the net cash flow by taking net income and adjusting it for noncash expenses and the changes from last year in the current assets and current liabilities.
A format for the operating section of the cash-flow statement that
For foreign exchange, the number of units of a foreign currency needed to buy one U.S.$.
Taxes paid by consumers when they buy goods and services. A sales tax is an example.
Interac® Direct Payment
Instead of paying with cash or a credit card, Interac direct Payment allows you to pay for your purchase with a debit card, such as your bank card. The amount of the purchase is electronically debited, or withdrawn, from your bank account (see debit card).
Privately placed common stock, so-called because the SEC requires a letter from the purchaser
stocks that are traded on an exchange.
stocks that are traded on an exchange.
A production scheduling system under which products are completed
Margin account (Stocks)
A leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of
For mutual funds, the amount required to open a new account (Minimum Initial
Money purchase plan
A defined benefit contribution plan in which the participant contributes some part and
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Also known as the Big Board or The Exhange. More than 2,00 common
No par value stock
stock issued by the company that does not have an arbitrary value (par value) assigned to it.
Non-cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose holders must forgo dividend payments when the
Nonqualified Stock Option
A stock option not given any favorable tax treatment
Open-market purchase operation
A systematic program of repurchasing shares of stock in market
open purchase ordering
a process by which a single purchase
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to create or increase a long position in
Outbound stock point
A designated inventory location on the shop floor between
Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX)
A securities exchange where American and European foreign
pre-authorized direct deposit
A system where funds are electronically credited to your account by a financial institution or a payroll service.
A security that ranks junior to preferred stock but senior to common stock in the right to
Preferred equity redemption stock (PERC)
Preferred stock that converts automatically into equity at a
A security that shows ownership in a corporation and gives the holder a claim, prior to the
A type of equity security where holders have a claim on the assets
A type of stock that usually pays a fixed dividend prior to any distributions
stock that takes priority over common stock in regard to dividends.
Preferred stock agreement
A contract for preferred stock.
Preferred Stock Stock that has a claim on assets and dividends of a corporation that are prior
to that of common stock. Preferred stock typically does not carry the right to vote.
To buy, to be long, to have an ownership position.
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