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Definition of Open position
A net long or short position whose value will change with a change in prices.
Ratio of consumption to disposable income. See also marginal propensity to consume.
Ratio of saving to disposable income. See also marginal propensity to save.
To buy at the beginning of a trading session at a price within the opening range.
Sources of funds internally provided from operations that alter a company's
To eliminate a long or short position, leaving no ownership or obligation.
Voluntary arrangement to restructure a firm's debt, under which payment is reduced.
Under certain circumstances, taxation rules assume that a transfer of property has occurred, even though there has not been an actual purchase or sale. This could happen upon death or transfer of ownership.
The incorrect conclusion that something that is true for an individual is necessarily true for the economy as a whole.
Fed committee that makes decisions about open-market operations.
Status of a firm's assets, liabilities, and equity accounts as of a certain time, as shown in its financial statement.
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to sell major assets.
An options position where a person has executed one or more option trades where the net
Outright ownership of a security or financial instrument. The
Purchase of an investment.
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on consumption.
Marginal Propensity to Import
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on imports.
Marginal Propensity to Save
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is saved.
MM dividend-irrelevance proposition
Theory that under ideal conditions, the value of the firm is unaffected by dividend policy.
MM's proposition I (debt irrelevance proposition)
The value of a firm is unaffected by its capital structure.
MM's proposition II
The required rate of return on equity increases as the firm’s debt-equity ratio increases.
Modigliani and Miller Proposition I
A proposition by Modigliani and Miller which states that a firm cannot
Modigliani and Miller Proposition II
A proposition by Modigliani and Miller which states that the cost of
Arrangement whereby sales are made with no formal debt contract. The buyer signs a receipt,
Agreement whereby sales are made with no formal debt contract.
See: unmatched book.
a philosophy about increasing a firm’s performance by involving all workers and by ensuring
Contracts which have been bought or sold without the transaction having been completed by
An economy which engages in a significant amount of trade. Contrast with closed economy.
Also called a mutual fund, an investment company that stands ready to sell new shares to the
Mortgage against which additional debts may be issued. Related: closed-end mortgage.
Open (good-til-cancelled) order
An individual investor can place an order to buy or sell a security. That
The total number of derivative contracts traded that not yet been liquidated either by an
Purchase or sale of government securities by the monetary authorities to increase or
Buying or selling of bonds by the central bank.
Open-market purchase operation
A systematic program of repurchasing shares of stock in market
The method of trading used at futures exchanges, typically involving calling out the specific
open purchase ordering
a process by which a single purchase
A repo with no definite term. The agreement is made on a day-to-day basis and either the
The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to create or increase a long position in
A transaction in which the seller's intention is to create or increase a short position in a given
The period at the beginning of the trading session officially designated by the exchange during
Theory that anticipated policy has no effect on output.
A market commitment; the number of contracts bought or sold for which no offsetting transaction
Diagram showing the possible payoffs from a derivative investment.
A form of start-up cost incurred in preparing for the opening of a new store or facility.
Reopen an issue
The Treasury, when it wants to sell additional securities, will occasionally sell more of an
Occurs when a person sells stocks he or she does not yet own. Shares must be borrowed,
The sale of an investment, particularly by someone who does not yet own it.
Short sale, short position
The sale of a security or financial instrument not
Take a position
To buy or sell short; that is, to have some amount that is owned or owed on an asset or
The written notice given by the seller of his intention to make delivery against an open, short
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