|Net Domestic Product|
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Definition of Net Domestic Product
Net Domestic Product
GDP minus depreciation.
Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay.
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
Part of a nation's internal market representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
Offsetting exposures in one currency with exposures in the same or another currency,
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
The market value of goods and services produced over time including the
Measures and economy's total income. It is equal to GDP plus the income
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
Gold held by governmental authorities as a financial asset.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
Under this translation method, monetary items (e.g. cash, accounts
The adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment.
Net advantage of refunding
The net present value of the savings from a refunding.
Net advantage to leasing
The net present value of entering into a lease financing arrangement rather than
Net advantage to merging
The difference in total post- and pre-merger market value minus the cost of the merger.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
Net book value
The current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any
Net cash balance
Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.
This is the difference between a day's last trade and the previous day's last trade.
Net errors and omissions
In balance of payments accounting, net errors and omissions record the statistical
Net financing cost
Also called the cost of carry or, simply, carry, the difference between the cost of financing
Sum of disbursement float and collection float.
The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
A lease arrangement under which the lessee is responsible for all property taxes, maintenance
Net operating losses
Losses that a firm can take advantage of to reduce taxes.
Net operating margin
The ratio of net operating income to net sales.
The period of time between the end of the discount period and the date payment is due.
Net present value (NPV)
The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.
Net present value of growth opportunities
A model valuing a firm in which net present value of new
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Net present value rule
An investment is worth making if it has a positive NPV. Projects with negative NPVs
Net profit margin
net income divided by sales; the amount of each sales dollar left over after all expenses
Net salvage value
The after-tax net cash flow for terminating the project.
Net working capital
Current assets minus current liabilities. Often simply referred to as working capital.
Common stockholders' equity which consists of common stock, surplus, and retained earnings.
Reducing transfers of funds between subsidiaries or separate companies to a net amount.
To get or bring in as a net; to clear as profit.
Reducing fund transfers between affiliates to only a netted amount. netting can be done on
The time it takes to bring new and/or improved products to market.
A type of mortgage-pipeline risk that occurs when a lender has an unusual loan in production or
Production payment financing
A method of nonrecourse asset-based financing in which a specified
An agreement by the loan purchaser to allow the monthly loan quota to be
The minimum available return that will trigger an immunization strategy in a contingent
SIMEX (Singapore International Monetary Exchange)
A leading futures and options exchange in Singapore.
The profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales.
NET SALES (revenue)
The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
UNITS OF PRODUCTION
A depreciation method that relates a machine’s depreciation to the number of units it makes each
Net present value (NPV)
A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the present value of future cash flows and deducts the initial capital investment.
See operating profit.
A general term referring to period costs, such as selling, administration and financial expenses.
The cost of goods or services produced.
A business’s investment in technology, people and materials in order to make, buy and sell products or services to customers.
See sales mix.
A general term referring to indirect costs.
The last line of the Income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period.
net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and net
net present value (NPV)
Equals the present value (PV) of a capital investment
Generally refers to the book value of owners’ equity as reported
This is a key factor in the profit model of a business. product
Net Present Value (NPV)
The present value of all future cash inflows minus the present value
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
an incidental output of a joint process; it is salable,
cost of production report
a process costing document that
economic production run (EPR)
an estimate of the number
equivalent units of production (EUP)
an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
grade (of product or service)
the addition or removal of product
Internet business model
a model that involves
a mechanism for sharing information and delivering data from corporate databases to the local-area network (LAN) desktops
net cost of normal spoilage
the cost of spoiled work less the estimated disposal value of that work
net present value (NPV)
the difference between the present values of all cash inflows and outflows for an investment project
net present value method
a process that uses the discounted
net realizable value approach
a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
a flexible organization structure that
the total units produced during a period
an assessment about the number of components in a product
product contribution margin
the difference between selling price and variable cost of goods sold
a cost associated with making or acquiring inventory
the number of total units that could be
product- (or process-) level cost
a cost that is caused by the development, production, or acquisition of specific products or services
product life cycle
a model depicting the stages through
product line margin
see segment margin
the number of different types of products
A product that is an ancillary part of the primary production process, having
A product that has the highest sales value from among a group of products
The excess of revenues over expenses, including the impact of income taxes.
Net present value
A discounted cash flow methodology that uses a required rate of
Net realizeable value
The expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or
Total revenue, less the cost of sales returns, allowances, and discounts.
The total of all costs assigned to a product, typically including direct
Production yield variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted proportions
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