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Definition of Current Ratio
A measure of the ability of a company to use its current assets to
A ratio that shows how many times a company could pay its current debts if it used its current assets to pay them. The formula:
Calculated to assess the short-term solvency, or debt-paying
current assets divided by current liabilities. This ratio indicates the extent to which the claims of short-term creditors are covered by assets expected to be converted to cash in the near future.
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
ratios used to judge the adequacy of liquid assets for meeting short-term
Capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
Clause causing repayment of a debt, if specified events occur or are not met.
Belief that an effort to keep unemployment below its natural rate results in an accelerating inflation.
A ratio computed by dividing annual
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
See quick ratio
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
Cash flow provided by operating
The signal-to-noise ratio of an analyst's forecasts. The ratio of alpha to residual standard
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
Basic Earnings Power Ratio
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
Benefit Ratio Method
The proportion of unemployment benefits paid to a company’s
Benefit Wage Ratio Method
The proportion of total taxable wages for laid off
Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
a condition that exists when there is an
Limit set on the amount of funds available for investment.
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
Common stock ratios
ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
see simultaneous engineering
A review of all engineering documentation used as the basis
Verifying that a delivered product matches authorizing
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
The number of shares of common stock that the security holder will receive from
A legal "person" that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is allowed to own
A legal entity, organized under state laws, whose investors purchase
Business owned by stockholders who are not personally
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
Restriction of loans by lenders so that not all borrowers willing to pay the current interest rate are able to obtain loans.
Net flow of goods, services, and unilateral transactions (gifts) between countries.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
Typically the cash, accounts receivable, and inventory accounts on the
Value of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, marketable securities and other assets that
Cash, things that will be converted into cash within a year (such as accounts receivable), and inventory.
Amounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments.
current refers to cash and those assets that will be turned
Cash and other company assets that can be readily turned into cash within one year.
Under target costing concepts, this is the cost that would be applied to a
A bond selling at or close to par, that is, a bond with a coupon close to the yields currently
Related: Benchmark issues
A variable like GDP is measured in current dollars if each year's value is measured in prices prevailing during that year. In contrast, when measured in real or constant dollars, each year's value is measured in a base year's prices.
Current Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
In Treasury securities, the most recently auctioned issue. Trading is more active in current
Amount owed for salaries, interest, accounts payable and other debts due within 1 year.
Bills a company must pay within the next twelve months.
Amounts due and payable by the business within a period of 12 months, e.g. bank overdraft, creditors and accruals.
current means that these liabilities require payment in
Debts or other obligations coming due within a year.
This is typically the accounts payable, short-term notes payable, and
current time to maturity on an outstanding debt instrument.
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
For bonds or notes, the coupon rate divided by the market price of the bond.
Annual coupon payments divided by bond price.
The percentage return on a financial asset based on the current price of the asset, without reference to any expected change in the price of the asset. This contrasts with yield-to-maturity, for which the calculation includes expected price changes. See also yield.
Customary payout ratios
A range of payout ratios that is typical based on an analysis of comparable firms.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Indicator of financial leverage. Compares assets provided by creditors to assets provided
A comparison of debt to equity in a company's capital structure.
Total debt divided by total assets.
The percentage of debt that is used in the total capitalization of a
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
A widely used financial statement ratio to assess the
The date on which a firm's directors meet and announce the date and amount of the next
The date on which the board of directors has declared a dividend.
A business segment that has been or is planned to be closed or sold off.
Net income and the gain or loss on disposal of a business segment whose assets and operations are clearly distinguishable from the other assets and operations of an entity.
Dividend payout ratio
Percentage of earnings paid out as dividends.
dividend payout ratio
Computed by dividing cash dividends for the year
dividend payout ratio
Percentage of earnings paid out as dividends.
dividend yield ratio
Cash dividends paid by a business over the most
The product of modified duration and the initial price.
Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
A common gauge of the price sensitivity of an asset or portfolio to a change in interest rates.
The weighted average of the time until maturity of each of the
The expected life of a fixed-income security considering its coupon
The time it takes for a policy or annuity to reach maturity.
Earnings retention ratio
the creation of multi-country markets
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