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Definition of Closing sale
A transaction in which the seller's intention is to reduce or eliminate a long position in a stock,
A method of securities distribution/ underwriting in which the securities firm agrees to sell
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to reduce or eliminate a short position in
Also known as the range. The high and low prices, or bids and offers, recorded during the
Conditional sales contracts
Similar to equipment trust certificates except that the lender is either the
Contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC)
The formal name for the load of a back-end load fund.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Days' sales outstanding
Average collection period.
Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 that
A method for hedging price risk which involves an agreement between a lender and an investor
The sale of an asset in exchange for a specified series of payments (the installments).
Limitation on merger, consolidation, or sale
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to
Limitation on sale-and-leaseback
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to enter into
Situation in which the terms of an offering are determined by negotiation between the issuer
A transaction in which the seller's intention is to create or increase a short position in a given
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
Purchase and sale
A method of securities distribution in which the securities firm purchases the securities
Sale and lease-back
sale of an existing asset to a financial institution that then leases it back to the user.
The fee charged by a mutual fund when purchasing shares, usually payable as a commission to
A key input to a firm's financial planning process. External sales forecasts are based on
An arrangement whereby a firm leases its own equipment, such as IBM leasing its own
Selling a security that the seller does not own but is committed to repurchasing eventually. It is
A method for hedging price risk that utilizes debt-market instruments, such as interest rate
Also called a swap assignment, a transaction that ends one counterparty's role in an interest rate
Terms of sale
Conditions on which a firm proposes to sell its goods services for cash or credit.
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
NET SALES (revenue)
The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
NUMBER OF DAYS SALES IN RECEIVABLES
(also called average collection period). The number of days of net sales that are tied up in credit sales (accounts receivable) that haven’t been collected yet.
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
Cost of sales
The manufacture or purchase price of goods sold in a period or the cost of providing a service.
The mix of product/services offered by the business, each of which may be aimed at different customers, with each product/service having different prices and costs.
The entries that transfer the balances in the revenue, expense, and dividend accounts to Retained earnings and zero out the revenue, expense, and dividend accounts for the next period.
Amounts earned by the company from the sale of merchandise or services; often used interchangeably with the term revenue.
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of the discounts for early payment allowed on sales.
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a credit to sales.
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of sales made that were later returned.
return on sales
This ratio equals net income divided by sales revenue.
the relative combination of quantities of sales of the various products that make up the total sales of a company
sales value at split-off allocation
a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
Short sale, short position
The sale of a security or financial instrument not
The total sales recorded prior to sales discounts and returns.
Total revenue, less the cost of sales returns, allowances, and discounts.
A reduction in a price that is allowed by the seller, due to a problem
A reduction in the price of a product or service that is offered by the
Sales value at split-off
A cost allocation methodology that allocates joint costs to joint
percentage of sales models
Planning model in which sales forecasts are the driving variables and most other variables are
terms of sale
Credit, discount, and payment terms offered on a sale.
A tax levied as a percentage of retail sales.
A debt or equity security not classified as a held-to-maturity security or a trading security. Can be classified as a current or noncurrent investment depending on the intended holding period.
Up-front gain recognized from the securitization and sale of a pool
Sales Revenue Revenue recognized from the sales of products as opposed to the provision of
Lease accounting used by a manufacturer who is also a lessor. Up-front gross
A type of agreement to sell whereby a seller retains title to goods sold and delivered to a purchaser until full payment has been made.
Conditional Sale Agreement
An agreement entered into between a conditional buyer and a conditional seller setting out the terms under which goods change hands.
Sale and Leaseback
An agreement in which the owner of a property sells that property to a person or institution and then leases it back again for an agreed period and rental.
point of sale (POS)
The terminal at which a customer uses his/her debit card to make a direct payment transaction. See also Interac Direct Payment.
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