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Definition of Available-for-Sale Security
A debt or equity security not classified as a held-to-maturity security or a trading security. Can be classified as a current or noncurrent investment depending on the intended holding period.
A security that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
A method of securities distribution/ underwriting in which the securities firm agrees to sell
A transaction in which the seller's intention is to reduce or eliminate a long position in a stock,
A type of agreement to sell whereby a seller retains title to goods sold and delivered to a purchaser until full payment has been made.
An agreement entered into between a conditional buyer and a conditional seller setting out the terms under which goods change hands.
Similar to equipment trust certificates except that the lender is either the
The formal name for the load of a back-end load fund.
A security that can be converted into common stock at the option of the security holder,
The manufacture or purchase price of goods sold in a period or the cost of providing a service.
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Average collection period.
A security representing a debt relationship with an enterprise, including a government
A financial security, such as an option, or future, whose value is derived in part from the
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
A federal Act that sets minimum operational and funding standards for employee benefit
An ownership interest in an enterprise, including preferred and common stock.
security that grants the security holder the right to exchange the security for the
A nonnegotiable debt security that can be redeemed at some fixed price or according to
A security that pays a specified cash flow over a
security paying dividends or interest that vary with short-term interest rates.
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 that
A method for hedging price risk which involves an agreement between a lender and an investor
Up-front gain recognized from the securitization and sale of a pool
The total sales recorded prior to sales discounts and returns.
A debt security for which the investing entity has both the positive
The security to which a warrant is attached.
A convertible security whose optioned common stock is trading in a middle range, causing
The sale of an asset in exchange for a specified series of payments (the installments).
Limitation on merger, consolidation, or sale
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to
Limitation on sale-and-leaseback
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to enter into
An easily traded investment, such as treasury bills, which is
Monthly income preferred security (MIP)
Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven.
Mortgage pass-through security
Also called a passthrough, a security created when one or more mortgage
Situation in which the terms of an offering are determined by negotiation between the issuer
Total revenue, less the cost of sales returns, allowances, and discounts.
NET SALES (revenue)
The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
A debt or equity security for which there is no posted price or bidand-
NUMBER OF DAYS SALES IN RECEIVABLES
(also called average collection period). The number of days of net sales that are tied up in credit sales (accounts receivable) that haven’t been collected yet.
A transaction in which the seller's intention is to create or increase a short position in a given
percentage of sales models
Planning model in which sales forecasts are the driving variables and most other variables are
point of sale (POS)
The terminal at which a customer uses his/her debit card to make a direct payment transaction. See also Interac Direct Payment.
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
An instrument such as a stock or bond for which payments depend only on the financial
Projected available balance
The future planned balance of an inventory item,
Purchase and sale
A method of securities distribution in which the securities firm purchases the securities
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
return on sales
This ratio equals net income divided by sales revenue.
Sale and lease-back
sale of an existing asset to a financial institution that then leases it back to the user.
Sale and Leaseback
An agreement in which the owner of a property sells that property to a person or institution and then leases it back again for an agreed period and rental.
Amounts earned by the company from the sale of merchandise or services; often used interchangeably with the term revenue.
A reduction in a price that is allowed by the seller, due to a problem
The fee charged by a mutual fund when purchasing shares, usually payable as a commission to
A reduction in the price of a product or service that is offered by the
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of the discounts for early payment allowed on sales.
A key input to a firm's financial planning process. External sales forecasts are based on
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a credit to sales.
The mix of product/services offered by the business, each of which may be aimed at different customers, with each product/service having different prices and costs.
the relative combination of quantities of sales of the various products that make up the total sales of a company
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of sales made that were later returned.
Sales Revenue Revenue recognized from the sales of products as opposed to the provision of
A tax levied as a percentage of retail sales.
An arrangement whereby a firm leases its own equipment, such as IBM leasing its own
Lease accounting used by a manufacturer who is also a lessor. Up-front gross
Sales value at split-off
A cost allocation methodology that allocates joint costs to joint
sales value at split-off allocation
a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
Piece of paper that proves ownership of stocks, bonds and other investments.
Either the collateral on a loan, or some type of equity ownership or debt, such
A share or an interest in a property or an enterprise such as a stock certificate or a bond.
Collateral offered by a borrower to a lender to secure a loan.
Security characteristic line
A plot of the excess return on a security over the risk-free rate as a function of
Security deposit (initial)
Synonymous with the term margin. A cash amount of funds that must be deposited
Security deposit (maintenance)
Related: Maintenance margin security market line (SML). A description of
Security market line
Line representing the relationship between expected return and market risk.
Security Market Line
A graph illustrating the equilibrium relationship between the
security market line
Relationship between expected return and beta.
Security selection decision
Choosing the particular securities to include in a portfolio.
The monetary value placed on security by a lender in determining the extent to which it can make loans against such security.
Selling a security that the seller does not own but is committed to repurchasing eventually. It is
Short sale, short position
The sale of a security or financial instrument not
Social Security Act of 1935
A federal Act establishing Old Age and Survivor’s
A method for hedging price risk that utilizes debt-market instruments, such as interest rate
Also called a swap assignment, a transaction that ends one counterparty's role in an interest rate
Terms of sale
Conditions on which a firm proposes to sell its goods services for cash or credit.
terms of sale
Credit, discount, and payment terms offered on a sale.
A debt or equity security bought and held for sale in the near term to generate income on short-term price changes.
Options: the security subject to being purchased or sold upon exercise of an option
Variable price security
A security, such as stocks or bonds, that sells at a fluctuating, market-determined price.
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
For companies: Raw materials, items available for sale or in the process of being made ready for
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