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Definition of accretion
an increase in units or volume caused by the addition
In portfolio accounting, a straight-line accumulation of capital gains on discount
Also known as an accrual bond or accretion bond; a bond on which interest accretes interest but is not
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest. Also called a zerocoupon
A bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid to the investor during the time of accrual.
a price concession made under competitive pressure (real or imagined) that does not relate to quantity purchased
the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning $1 of cash flow.
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local
A long-term, interest-bearing promissory note that companies may use to borrow money for periods of time such as five, ten, or twenty years.
A long-term debt instrument in which the issuer (borrower) is
Security that obligates the issuer to make specified payments
A financial asset taking the form of a promise by a borrower to repay a specified amount (the bond's face value) on a maturity date and to make fixed periodic interest payments.
Usually a fixed interest security under which the issuer contracts to pay the lender a fixed principal amount at a stated date in the future, and a series of interest payments, either semi-annually or annually. Interest payments may vary through the life of bond.
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. Short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
Fixed interest security issued by a corporation or government, having a specific maturity date.
A contract for privately placed debt.
A contractual provision in a bond indenture. A positive covenant requires certain actions, and
The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.
Bond equivalent yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.
Bond Equivalent Yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method
The contract that sets forth the promises of a corporate bond issuer and the rights of
Designing a portfolio so that its performance will match the performance of some bond index.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A system that monitors and evaluates the performance of a fixed-income portfolio , as well as the
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
bonds issued by emerging countries under a debt reduction plan.
bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
Foreign bond issue made in London.
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
Canada Savings Bonds
A bond issued each year by the federal government. These bonds can be cashed in at any time for their full face value.
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
Collateral trust bonds
A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
Insurance that a construction contract will be successfully completed.
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
constant-growth dividend discount model
Version of the dividend discount model in which dividends grow at a constant rate.
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
bond that the holder may exchange for a specified number of shares.
bonds that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
A eurobond that can be converted into another asset, often through exercise of
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
Any bond with a coupon. Contrast with discount bond.
High-coupon bonds that sell at only at a moderate premium because they are callable at a
An unsecured bond whose holder has the claim of a general creditor on all assets of the
Referring to the selling price of a bond, a price below its par value. Related: premium.
The percentage amount at which bonds sell below their par value. Also the percentage amount at which a currency sells on the forward market below its current rate on the spot market.
The curve of discount rates vs. maturity dates for bonds.
Present value of $1 received at a stated future date.
Present value of a $1 future payment.
The period during which a customer can deduct the discount from the net amount of the bill
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
the rate of return used to discount future cash
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
A rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
Non-interest-bearing money market instruments that are issued at a discount and
Facility provided by the Fed enabling member banks to borrow reserves against collateral
The Federal Reserve facility at which reserves are loaned to banks at the discount rate.
Selling something on a discounted basis is selling below what its value will be at maturity,
Discounted cash flow
A technique that determines the present value of future cash
Discounted Cash Flow
Techniques for establishing the relative worth of a future investment by discounting (at a required rate of return) the expected net cash flows from the project.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
A method of investment appraisal that discounts future cash flows to present value using a discount rate, which is the risk-adjusted cost of capital.
discounted cash flow (DCF)
Refers to a capital investment analysis technique
Discounted dividend model (DDM)
A formula to estimate the intrinsic value of a firm by figuring the
Discounted payback period rule
An investment decision rule in which the cash flows are discounted at an
Calculating the present value of a future amount. The process is opposite to compounding.
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
the process of reducing future cash flows to present value amounts
Calculating the present value of a future payment.
The process of finding the present value of a series of future cash flows. discounting is the reverse of compounding.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
dividend discount model
Computation of today’s stock price which states that share value equals the present value of all expected future dividends.
Dividend discount model (DDM)
A model for valuing the common stock of a company, based on the
DLOC (discount for lack of control)
an amount or percentage deducted from a pro rata share of the value of 100% of an equity interest in a business, to reflect the absence of some or all of the powers of control.
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
Documented discount notes
Commercial paper backed by normal bank lines plus a letter of credit from a
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
A bond that is (1) underwritten by an international syndicate, (2) offered at issuance
A debt security issued in a market other than the home market of
bond that is marketed internationally.
Eurobonds denominated in U.S.dollars.
Eurobonds denominated in Japanese yen.
bond whose maturity can be extended at the option of the lender or issuer.
Government bonds that are acceptable at par in payment of federal estate taxes when owned by
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
A currency trades at a forward discount when its forward price is lower than its spot price.
fractional interest discount
the combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the ADF, Gordon model, or present value factor.
Full coupon bond
A bond with a coupon equal to the going market rate, thereby, the bond is selling at par.
General obligation bonds
Municipal securities secured by the issuer's pledge of its full faith, credit, and
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