|ADF (annuity discount factor)|
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Definition of ADF (annuity discount factor)
ADF (annuity discount factor)
the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning $1 of cash flow.
In portfolio accounting, a straight-line accumulation of capital gains on discount
a price concession made under competitive pressure (real or imagined) that does not relate to quantity purchased
The pool factor implied by the scheduled amortization assuming no prepayemts.
A regular periodic payment made by an insurance company to a policyholder for a specified period
A series of payments or deposits of equal size spaced evenly over
A series of payments over a period of time. The payments are usually
Equally spaced level stream of cash flows.
A contract which provides an income for a specified period of time, such as a certain number of years or for life. An annuity is like a life insurance policy in reverse. The purchaser gives the life insurance company a lump sum of money and the life insurance company pays the purchaser a regular income, usually monthly.
Periodic payments made to an individual under the terms of the policy.
An annuity with n payments, wherein the first payment is made at time t = 0 and the last
annuity where the payments are to be made at the beginning of
a series of equal cash flows being received or paid at the beginning of a period
Level stream of cash flows starting immediately.
Present value of $1 paid for each of t periods.
Present value of an annuity of $1 per period.
Annuity in arrears
An annuity with a first payment on full period hence, rather than immediately.
The time between each payment under an annuity.
Back To Back Annuity
This term refers to the simultaneous issue of a life annuity with a non-guaranteed period and a guaranteed life insurance policy [usually whole life or term to 100]. The face value of the life insurance would be the same amount that was used to purchase the annuity. This combination of life annuity providing the highest payout of all types of annuities, along with a guaranteed life insurance policy allowed an uninsurable person to convert his/her RRSP into the best choice of annuity and guarantee that upon his/her death, the full value of the annuity would be paid tax free through the life insurance policy to his family members. However, in the early 1990's, the Federal tax authorities put a stop to the issuing of standard life rates to rated or uninsurable applicants. Insuring a life annuity in this manner is still an excellent way to provide guaranteed tax free funds to family members but the application for the annuity and the application for the life insurance are separate transactions and today, most likely conducted through two different insurance companies so that there is no suspicion of preferential treatment given to the life insurance application.
Bank discount basis
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
constant-growth dividend discount model
Version of the dividend discount model in which dividends grow at a constant rate.
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
Rules set by the Chicago Board of Trade for determining the invoice price of each
critical success factors (CSF)
any item (such as quality, customer
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
An annuity providing for income payments to commence at a specified future time.
Deferred nominal life annuity
A monthly fixed-dollar payment beginning at retirement age. It is nominal
Referring to the selling price of a bond, a price below its par value. Related: premium.
The percentage amount at which bonds sell below their par value. Also the percentage amount at which a currency sells on the forward market below its current rate on the spot market.
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
The curve of discount rates vs. maturity dates for bonds.
Present value of $1 received at a stated future date.
Present value of a $1 future payment.
The period during which a customer can deduct the discount from the net amount of the bill
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
the rate of return used to discount future cash
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
A rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
Non-interest-bearing money market instruments that are issued at a discount and
Facility provided by the Fed enabling member banks to borrow reserves against collateral
The Federal Reserve facility at which reserves are loaned to banks at the discount rate.
Selling something on a discounted basis is selling below what its value will be at maturity,
Discounted cash flow
A technique that determines the present value of future cash
Discounted Cash Flow
Techniques for establishing the relative worth of a future investment by discounting (at a required rate of return) the expected net cash flows from the project.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
A method of investment appraisal that discounts future cash flows to present value using a discount rate, which is the risk-adjusted cost of capital.
discounted cash flow (DCF)
Refers to a capital investment analysis technique
Discounted dividend model (DDM)
A formula to estimate the intrinsic value of a firm by figuring the
Discounted payback period rule
An investment decision rule in which the cash flows are discounted at an
Calculating the present value of a future amount. The process is opposite to compounding.
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
the process of reducing future cash flows to present value amounts
Calculating the present value of a future payment.
The process of finding the present value of a series of future cash flows. discounting is the reverse of compounding.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
dividend discount model
Computation of today’s stock price which states that share value equals the present value of all expected future dividends.
Dividend discount model (DDM)
A model for valuing the common stock of a company, based on the
DLOC (discount for lack of control)
an amount or percentage deducted from a pro rata share of the value of 100% of an equity interest in a business, to reflect the absence of some or all of the powers of control.
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
Documented discount notes
Commercial paper backed by normal bank lines plus a letter of credit from a
Equivalent annual annuity
The equivalent amount per year for some number of years that has a present
A financial institution that buys a firm's accounts receivables and collects the debt.
An agent who buys and sells goods on behalf of others for a commission.
A statistical procedure that seeks to explain a certain phenomenon, such as the return on a
A way of decomposing the factors that influence a security's rate of return into common and
Factor of Production
A resource used to produce a good or service. The main macroeconomic factors of production are capital and labor.
A well-diversified portfolio constructed to have a beta of 1.0 on one factor and a beta of
Sale of a firm's accounts receivable to a financial institution known as a factor.
The sale of accounts receivable to a third party, with the third party bearing
The discounting, or sale at a discount, of receivables on a nonrecourse, notification
Type of financial service whereby a firm sells or transfers title to its accounts receivable to a factoring company, which then acts as principal, not as agent.
All the costs incurred during the manufacturing process, minus the
A currency trades at a forward discount when its forward price is lower than its spot price.
fractional interest discount
the combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the adf, Gordon model, or present value factor.
Guaranteed Interest Annuity (GIA)
Interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term.
Individual Retirement Annuity
An IRA comprised of an annuity that is managed
Numbers found in compound interest and annuity tables. Usually called the FVIF or PVIF.
The production resource that, as a result of scarce resources, limits the production of goods
factoring arrangement that provides collection and insurance of accounts receivable.
A version of the capital asset pricing model derived by Merton that includes extramarket
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
In October 1996 it was announced in the international news that scientists had finally located the link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer. In the early 1980's, some Canadian Life Insurance Companies had already started recognizing that non-smokers had a better life expectancy than smokers so commenced offering premium discounts for life insurance to new applicants who have been non-smokers for at least 12 months before applying for coverage. Today, most life insurance companies offer these discounts.
Normal annuity form
The manner in which retirement benefits are paid out.
factoring arrangement that provides collection, insurance, and finance for accounts receivable.
A special case of the arbitrage pricing theory that is derived from the one-factor model by
An annuity where the payments are made at the end of each
a series of equal cash flows being received
Original issue discount debt (OID debt)
Debt that is initially offered at a price below par.
The outstanding principal balance divided by the original principal balance with the result
PPF (periodic perpetuity factor)
a generalization formula invented by Abrams that is the present value of regular but noncontiguous cash flows that have constant growth to perpetuity.
Present value factor
factor used to calculate an estimate of the present value of an amount to be received in
A contra account that reduces purchases by the amount of the discounts taken for early payment.
A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest. Also called a zerocoupon
QMDM (quantitative marketability discount model)
model for calculating DLOM for minority interests r the discount rate
RAMs (Reverse-annuity mortgages)
Mortgages in which the bank makes a loan for an amount equal to a
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