|Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)|
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Definition of Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)
Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)
The weighted average of the costs of the capital components
weighted-average cost of capital (WACC)
Expected rate of return on a portfolio of all the firm’s securities, adjusted for tax savings due to interest payments.
Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)
A weighted average of the component costs of debt, preferred shares, and common equity. Also called the composite cost of capital.
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
The argument that specifies that the various agency costs create a complex environment in
The incremental costs of having an agent make decisions for a principal.
Total costs, explicit and implicit.
Arithmetic mean return.
An arithmetic mean of selected stocks intended to represent the behavior of the market or some
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
The weighted-average age of all of the firm's outstanding invoices.
The ratio of accounts receivables to sales, or the total
A firm's required payout to the bondholders and to the stockholders expressed as a
Also referred to as the weighted-average life (WAL). The average number of years that each
The average time to maturity of securities held by a mutual fund. Changes in interest rates
An estimation of price that uses the average or representative price of a
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
Bankruptcy cost view
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
Money invested in a firm.
Net result of public and private international investment and lending activities.
decision Allocation of invested funds between risk-free assets versus the risky portfolio.
Capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
An economic theory that describes the relationship between risk and
A firm's set of planned capital expenditures.
The process of choosing the firm's long-term capital assets.
Amount used during a particular period to acquire or improve long-term assets such as
The transfer of capital abroad in response to fears of political risk.
When a stock is sold for a profit, it's the difference between the net sales price of securities and
Capital gains yield
The price change portion of a stock's return.
A lease obligation that has to be capitalized on the balance sheet.
The difference between the net cost of a security and the net sale price, if that security is sold at a loss.
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
The makeup of the liabilities and stockholders' equity side of the balance sheet, especially
Amounts of directly contributed equity capital in excess of the par value.
The debt and/or equity mix that fund a firm's assets.
A method of constructing a replicating portfolio in which the manager purchases a
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
A table showing the capitalization of a firm, which typically includes the amount of
Recorded in asset accounts and then depreciated or amortized, as is appropriate for expenditures
Interest that is not immediately expensed, but rather is considered as an asset and is then
costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
Cost company arrangement
Arrangement whereby the shareholders of a project receive output free of
Cost of capital
The required return for a capital budgeting project.
Cost of carry
Related: Net financing cost
Cost of funds
Interest rate associated with borrowing money.
Cost of lease financing
A lease's internal rate of return.
Cost of limited partner capital
The discount rate that equates the after-tax inflows with outflows for capital
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
Total par value (number of shares issued, multiplied by the par value of each share). Also
Dollar-weighted rate of return
Also called the internal rate of return, the interest rate that will make the
Dow Jones industrial average
This is the best known U.S.index of stocks. It contains 30 stocks that trade on
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
Equivalent annual cost
The equivalent cost per year of owning an asset over its entire life.
The difference between the execution price of a security and the price that would have
Financial distress costs
Legal and administrative costs of liquidation or reorganization. Also includes
A cost that is fixed in total for a given period of time and for given production levels.
costs, both implied and direct, associated with a transaction. Such costs include time, effort,
Hard capital rationing
capital rationing that under no circumstances can be violated.
The unique capabilities and expertise of individuals.
Incremental costs and benefits
costs and benefits that would occur if a particular course of action were
Transaction costs that include the assessment of the investment merits of a financial asset.
Issued share capital
Total amount of shares that are in issue. Related: outstanding shares.
Value at which a company's shares are recorded in its books.
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
The total dollar value of all outstanding shares. Computed as shares times current
Market capitalization rate
Expected return on a security. The market-consensus estimate of the appropriate
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
Market timing costs
costs that arise from price movement of the stock during the time of the transaction
Market value-weighted index
An index of a group of securities computed by calculating a weighted average
Used in charts and technical analysis, the average of security or commodity prices
Net financing cost
Also called the cost of carry or, simply, carry, the difference between the cost of financing
Net working capital
Current assets minus current liabilities. Often simply referred to as working capital.
Nondiversifiability of human capital
The difficulty of diversifying one's human capital (the unique
Opportunity cost of capital
Expected return that is foregone by investing in a project rather than in
The difference in the performance of an actual investment and a desired investment
In the balance of payments, other capital is a residual category that groups all the capital
Outstanding share capital
Issued share capital less the par value of shares that are held in the company's treasury.
Pecking-order view (of capital structure)
The argument that external financing transaction costs, especially
Perfect capital market
A market in which there are never any arbitrage opportunities.
Perfect market view (of capital structure)
Analysis of a firm's capital structure decision, which shows the
Personal tax view (of capital structure)
The argument that the difference in personal tax rates between
Pie model of capital structure
A model of the debt/equity ratio of the firms, graphically depicted in slices of
Planned capital expenditure program
capital expenditure program as outlined in the corporate financial plan.
Price impact costs
Related: market impact costs
Pro forma capital structure analysis
A method of analyzing the impact of alternative capital structure
Wealth that can be represented in financial terms, such as savings account balances, financial
cost to replace a firm's assets.
Round-trip transactions costs
costs of completing a transaction, including commissions, market impact
costs associated with locating a counterparty to a trade, including explicit costs (such as
costs that fall with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
Simple moving average
The mean, calculated at any time over a past period of fixed length.
"Soft" Capital Rationing
capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
Static theory of capital structure
Theory that the firm's capital structure is determined by a trade-off of the
costs that have been incurred and cannot be reversed.
Time-weighted rate of return
Related: Geometric mean return.
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