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Definition of All-in cost
Total costs, explicit and implicit.
The annual depreciation expense allowed by the Canadian Income Tax Act.
the assignment, using some reasonable basis,
A method of costing in which all fixed and variable production costs are charged to products or services using an allocation base.
a cost accumulation and reporting
A methodology under which all manufacturing costs are assigned
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
A method of costing that uses cost pools to accumulate the cost of significant business activities and then assigns the costs from the cost pools to products or services based on cost drivers.
A relatively new method advocated for the
a process using multiple cost drivers to predict and allocate costs to products and services;
A cost allocation system that compiles costs and assigns
The actual expenditure made to acquire an asset, which includes the supplierinvoiced
a valuation method that uses actual direct
The argument that specifies that the various agency costs create a complex environment in
The incremental costs of having an agent make decisions for a principal.
Aggressive Cost Capitalization
cost capitalization that stretches the flexibility within generally
All equity rate
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
All or none
Requirement that none of an order be executed unless all of it can be executed at the specified price.
An arrangement whereby a security issue is canceled if the underwriter is unable
assign based on the use of a cost driver, a cost predictor,
the systematic assignment of an amount to a recipient
The process of storing costs in one account and shifting them to other
Allocation base A measure of activity or volume such as labour
hours, machine hours or volume of production
Allowance for bad debts
An offset to the accounts receivable balance, against which
Allowance for doubtful accounts
A contra account related to accounts receivable that represents the amounts that the company expects will not be collected.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
An estimate of the uncollectible portion of accounts receivable
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected based on company experience.
cost of a security adjusted for the amortization of any purchase premium or
a quality control cost incurred for monitoring
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Asset allocation decision
The decision regarding how an institution's funds should be distributed among the
attribute-based costing (ABC II)
an extension of activitybased costing using cost-benefit analysis (based on increased customer utility) to choose the product attribute
Average-Cost Inventory Method
The inventory cost-flow assumption that assigns the average
Average cost of capital
A firm's required payout to the bondholders and to the stockholders expressed as a
costs that are identifiable with and able to be influenced by decisions made at the business
a streamlined cost accounting method that speeds up, simplifies, and reduces accounting effort in an environment that minimizes inventory balances, requires
Any large principal payment due at maturity for a bond or loan with or without a a sinking
Bankruptcy cost view
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
A cost that is incurred when a group of products or services are produced,
a cost that is caused by a group of things
In the mortgage pipeline, the risk that prospective borrowers of loans committed to be
a planned expenditure
An option that gives the right to buy the underlying futures contract.
a. An option to buy a certain quantity of a stock or commodity for a
Call an option
To exercise a call option.
A date before maturity, specified at issuance, when the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
An option contract that gives its holder the right (but not the obligation) to purchase a specified
A contract that gives the holder the right to buy an asset for a
Right to buy an asset at a specified exercise price on or before the exercise date.
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
A feature of some callable bonds that establishes an initial period when the bonds may not be
An embedded option granting a bond issuer the right to buy back all or part of the issue prior
The combination of cash flow uncertainty and reinvestment risk introduced by a call provision.
A swaption in which the buyer has the right to enter into a swap as a fixed-rate payer. The
A financial security such as a bond with a call option attached to it, i.e., the issuer has the right to
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
Bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
decision allocation of invested funds between risk-free assets versus the risky portfolio.
Capital Consumption Allowance
capitalization of costs
When a cost is recorded originally as an increase
Capitalized Cost An expenditure or accrual that is reported as an asset to be amortized against
costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
the total variable cost of carrying one unit of
The cost of holding inventory, which can include insurance,
costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
The amount of cash expended.
Communication barrier between financiers (investment bankers) and traders. This barrier is
a cost related either to the long-term investment
company cost of capital
Expected rate of return demanded by investors in a company, determined by the average risk of the company’s assets and operations.
a cost over which a manager has the ability to authorize incurrence or directly influence magnitude
Refers to the sum of manufacturing direct labor and overhead
the total of direct labor and overhead cost;
A resource sacrificed or forgone to achieve a specific objective (Horngren et al.), defined
the cash or cash equivalent value necessary to attain an
The expense incurred to create and sell a product or service. If a product is not
a discipline that focuses on techniques or
Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)
a body established by Congress in 1970 to promulgate cost accounting
the approach to product costing that determines
the practice of finding acceptable alternatives
An asset’s purchase price, plus costs associated with the purchase, like installation fees, taxes, etc.
The idea that fixed costs and variable costs react differently to changes in the volume of
The calculation and comparison of the costs and benefits of a policy or project.
cost-benefit analysis the analytical process of comparing the
relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
a responsibility center in which the manager has
A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for controlling costs.
Cost company arrangement
Arrangement whereby the shareholders of a project receive output free of
a company-wide attitude about the topics
the practice of minimizing, to the extent
The process of either reducing costs while maintaining the same level of productivity or maintaining costs while increasing productivity.
cost control system
a logical structure of formal and/or informal
A method of expensing the cost of a resource consumed by first determining
The most significant cause of the cost of an activity, a measure of the demand for an activity
a factor that has a direct cause-effect relationship
A factor that directly impacts the incidence of a cost, and which is generally
cost driver analysis
the process of investigating, quantifying,
cost leadership strategy
a plan to achieve the position in a
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