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Definition of Value-based management
A variety of approaches that emphasize increasing shareholder value as the primary goal of every business.
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
The sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest.
An amount of money invested plus the interest earned on that money.
A method of budgeting that develops budgets based on expected activities and cost drivers – see also activity-based costing.
planning approach applying activity drivers to estimate the levels and costs of activities necessary to provide the budgeted quantity and
A method of costing that uses cost pools to accumulate the cost of significant business activities and then assigns the costs from the cost pools to products or services based on cost drivers.
A relatively new method advocated for the
a process using multiple cost drivers to predict and allocate costs to products and services;
A cost allocation system that compiles costs and assigns
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
attribute-based costing (ABC II)
an extension of activitybased costing using cost-benefit analysis (based on increased customer utility) to choose the product attribute
The amount of cash payable on a benefit.
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A
An asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
The value of an asset as carried on the balance sheet of a
An asset’s original cost, less any depreciation that has been subsequently incurred.
Net worth of the firm’s assets or liabilities according
book value and book value per share
Generally speaking, these terms
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
Book value per share
The ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. Book value
Book Value per Share
The book value of a company divided by the number of shares
Bottom-up equity management style
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Cash Surrender Value
This is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications.
Cash Surrender Value
Benefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
Also called parity value, the value of a convertible security if it is converted immediately.
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
The active manipulation of earnings toward a predetermined target.
Economic Value Added (EVA)
Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge
economic value added (EVA)
a measure of the extent to which income exceeds the dollar cost of capital; calculated
economic value added (EVA)
Term used by the consulting firm Stern Stewart for profit remaining after deduction of the cost
Life insurance or annuity product in which the cash value and benefit level fluctuate according to the performance of an equity portfolio.
The amount of advantage over a current market transaction provided by an in-the-money
The value that an asset is expected to have at the time it is sold at a predetermined
The weighted average of a probability distribution.
The value of the possible outcomes of a variable weighted by the
Expected value of perfect information
The expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known
Extraordinary positive value
A positive net present value.
See: Par value.
The nominal value of a security. Also called the par value.
The maturity value of a security. Also known as par value,
Payment at the maturity of the bond. Also called par value or maturity value.
The payoff value of a bond upon maturity. Also called par value. See principal.
The nominal value which appears on the face of a document recording an entitlement, generally an amount of money that has to be repaid on the maturity of a debt instrument.
Fair market value
The price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market.
Fair Market Value
The highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact.
The amount at which an asset could be purchased or sold or a liability incurred or
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
The amount of cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified
The amount a given payment, or series of payments, will be worth
the amount to which one or more sums of
The value that a sum of money (the present value) earning
Amount to which an investment will grow after earning interest.
The amount to which a payment or series of payments will grow by a given future date when compounded by a given interest rate. FVIF future value interest factor.
Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)
an organization composed of individuals interested in the field of management accounting; it coordinates the Certified management
Intrinsic value of a firm
The present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the
Intrinsic value of an option
The amount by which an option is in-the-money. An option which is not in-themoney
Net amount that could be realized by selling the assets of a firm after paying the debt.
The net proceeds (after taxes and expenses) of selling the assets
Net proceeds that would be realized by selling the firm’s assets and paying off its creditors.
The amount a policyholder may borrow against a whole life insurance policy at the interest rate
management refers to the individuals in an entity that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the entity. The positions of these individuals, and their titles, vary from one entity to another and, to some extent, from one country to another depending on the local laws and customs. Thus, when the context requires it, the term includes the board of directors or committees of the board which are designated to oversee certain matters (e.g., audit committee).
The production of financial and non-financial information used in planning for the future; making decisions about products, services, prices and what costs to incur; and ensuring that plans are implemented and achieved.
a discipline that includes almost
Management Accounting Guidelines (MAGs)
pronouncements of the Society of management Accountants of
Management buyout (MBO)
Leveraged buyout whereby the acquiring group is led by the firm's management.
management buyout (MBO)
Acquisition of the firm by its own management in a leveraged buyout.
Management/closely held shares
Percentage of shares held by persons closely related to a company, as
This is difficult to define in a few words—indeed, an
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management expense ratio (MER)
The total expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of daily average net assets. MER does not include brokerage fees and commissions, which are also payable by the Fund.
An investment advisory fee charged by the financial advisor to a fund based on the fund's
The fee paid to the fund’s manager for supervising the administration of the fund.
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
the preference of a manager in how he/she interacts with other stakeholders in the organization;
1) The price at which a security is trading and could presumably be purchased or sold.
The price at which a product or service could be sold on the open market.
A quoted market price per unit times the number of units being valued. Synonymous
market value added
Market value of equity minus book value.
market-value balance sheet
Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.
Market value ratios
Ratios that relate the market price of the firm's common stock to selected financial
Market value-weighted index
An index of a group of securities computed by calculating a weighted average
Related: par value.
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