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Definition of Treasurer
The corporate officer responsible for designing and implementing many of the firm's financing
an individual in a corporation who handles the actual
Manager responsible for financing, cash management, and relationships with financial markets and institutions.
A check issued by a bank to make a payment. treasurer's checks outstanding are counted
Officer who oversees the treasurer and controller and sets overall financial strategy.
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
A collection of systems and processes used to record, report and interpret business transactions.
A broad, all-inclusive term that refers to the methods and procedures
Administrative proceedings or litigation releases that entail an accounting or auditing-related violation of the securities laws.
An alteration in the accounting methodology or estimates used in
Earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
A business for which a separate set of accounting records is being
The representation of the double-entry system of accounting such that assets are equal to liabilities plus capital.
The formula Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Unintentional mistakes in financial statements. Accounted for by restating
The change in the value of a firm's foreign currency denominated accounts due to a
Total liabilities exceed total assets. A firm with a negative net worth is insolvent on
Intentional misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures in
The ease and quickness with which assets can be converted to cash.
The period of time for which financial statements are produced – see also financial year.
The principles, bases, conventions, rules and procedures adopted by management in preparing and presenting financial statements.
Accounting rate of return (ARR)
A method of investment appraisal that measures
accounting rate of return (ARR)
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
The recording of revenue when earned and expenses when
Well, frankly, accrual is not a good descriptive
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income when it is earned and expenses when they are incurred.
activity-based management (ABM)
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
The actual expenditure made to acquire an asset, which includes the supplierinvoiced
actual cost system
a valuation method that uses actual direct
The physical commodity underlying a futures contract. cash commodity, physical.
Adjusted Cash Flow Provided by Continuing Operations
cash flow provided by operating
A bond covenant that specifies certain actions the firm must take.
A forceful and intentional choice and application of accounting principles
Articles of incorporation
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
Average accounting return
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
An intercompany loan channeled through a bank.
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
Bottom-up equity management style
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
Interim financing of one sort or another used to solidify a position until more permanent
Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
markets for long-term financing.
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a company. Usually
Amounts held in currency and coin (commonly referred to as petty cash) and amounts on deposit in financial institutions.
Currency, coin, and funds on deposit that are available for immediate withdrawal without
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
Cash and carry
Purchase of a security and simultaneous sale of a future, with the balance being financed
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The balance in a company’s checking account(s) plus short-term or temporary investments (sometimes called “marketable securities”), which are highly liquid.
Cash and equivalents
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
The actual physical commodity, as distinguished from a futures contract.
Cash conversion cycle
The length of time between a firm's purchase of inventory and the receipt of cash
cash conversion cycle
Period between firm’s payment for materials
The amount of cash expended.
A company that pays out all earnings per share to stockholders as dividends. Or, a company or
Business that produces a lot of cash but few growth prospects.
In general, the time between cash disbursement and cash collection. In net working capital
The length of time between a purchase of materials and collection of accounts receivable generated by the sale of the products made from the materials.
Cash deficiency agreement
An agreement to invest cash in a project to the extent required to cover any cash
The provision of some futures contracts that requires not delivery of underlying assets but
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
A dividend paid in cash to a company's shareholders. The amount is normally based on
Payment of cash by the firm to its shareholders.
A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
Highly liquid, fixed-income investments with original maturities of three months or less.
Instruments or investments of such high liquidity and safety that they are virtually equal to cash.
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
the receipt or disbursement of cash; when related
cash received and paid over time.
In investments, NET INCOME plus DEPRECIATION and other noncash charges. In this sense, it is synonymous with cash EARNINGS. Investors focus on cash flow from operations because of their concern with a firm's ability to pay dividends.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash Flow Forecast
An estimate of the timing and amount of a company's inflows and outflows of money measured over a specific period of time typically monthly for one to two years then annually for an additional one to three years.
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities
With some exceptions, the cash effects of transactions
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Financing Activities
cash receipts and payments involving
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Investing Activities
cash receipts and payments involving
A statement that shows where a company’s cash came from and where it went for a period of time, such as a year.
Cash Flow statement
A financial report that shows the movement in cash for a business during an accounting period.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cash-flow statement that shows how much cash a company raised by selling stocks or bonds this year and how much was paid out for cash dividends and other finance-related obligations.
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cashflow statement that shows how much cash came in and went out because of various investing activities like purchasing machinery.
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
A public equity issue that is sold to all interested investors.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
Ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
Cash receipts journal
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a debit to cash.
Cash settlement contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, that settle for cash, not involving
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
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