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Definition of Staging
Picking parts from stock for an order before they are needed, in order to
An inventory storage area used for short-term inventory staging.
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the acquiree's stock.
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
A promise to sell an asset before the seller has lined up purchase of the asset. This
The second-largest stock exchange in the United States. It trades
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
The beta of a stock is determined as follows:
A secured loan that gives the lender a lien against all the borrower's inventories.
A conditional trading order that indicates a security may be purchased only at the designated
A measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and
These are securities that represent equity ownership in a company. Common shares let an
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
A convertible security that is traded like an equity issue because the optioned
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Common stock ratios
Ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be exchanged, at the
Convertible preferred stock
Preferred stock that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
Refers to the volatility of returns on international investments caused by events associated
Cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose dividends accrue, should the issuer not make timely
An order to buy or sell stock that automatically expires if it can't be executed on the day it is entered.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash
Direct stock-purchase programs
The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.
Withdrawal of funds from a financial institution in order to invest them directly.
Dividend yield (Stocks)
Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price.
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Economic order quantity (EOQ)
The order quantity that minimizes total inventory costs.
Employee stock fund
A firm-sponsored program that enables employees to purchase shares of the firm's
Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP)
A company contributes to a trust fund that buys stock on behalf of
Euro-medium term note (Euro-MTN)
A non-underwritten Euronote issued directly to the market. Euro-
Exchange of stock
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its stock in exchange for cash or shares.
Fill or kill order
A trading order that is canceled unless executed within a designated time period.
Institutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or
Common stock of a company that has an opportunity to invest money and earn more than the
Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
Typically 1-10 years.
Investment through a financial institution. Related: disintermediation.
For companies: Raw materials, items available for sale or in the process of being made ready for
A secured short-term loan to purchase inventory. The three basic forms are a blanket
The ratio of annual sales to average inventory which measures the speed that inventory
Just-in-time inventory systems
Systems that schedule materials/inventory to arrive exactly as they are
Privately placed common stock, so-called because the SEC requires a letter from the purchaser
An order to buy a stock at or below a specified price or to sell a stock at or above a specified
Limit order book
A record of unexecuted limit orders that is maintained by the specialist. These orders are
Liquidity theory of the term structure
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the implied forward
stocks that are traded on an exchange.
In accounting information, one year or greater.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
An obligation having a maturity of more than one year from the date it was issued. Also
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term financial plan
Financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
Amount owed for leases, bond repayment and other items due after 1 year.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
stocks that are traded on an exchange.
Margin account (Stocks)
A leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of
This is an order to immediately buy or sell a security at the current trading price.
A corporate debt instrument that is continuously offered to investors over a period of
Negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW)
Demand deposits that pay interest.
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Also known as the Big Board or The Exhange. More than 2,00 common
Non-cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose holders must forgo dividend payments when the
Open (good-til-cancelled) order
An individual investor can place an order to buy or sell a security. That
Other long term liabilities
Value of leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes and other obligations
Pecking-order view (of capital structure)
The argument that external financing transaction costs, especially
Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX)
A securities exchange where American and European foreign
Preferred equity redemption stock (PERC)
Preferred stock that converts automatically into equity at a
A security that ranks junior to preferred stock but senior to common stock in the right to
A security that shows ownership in a corporation and gives the holder a claim, prior to the
Preferred stock agreement
A contract for preferred stock.
Repurchase of stock
Device to pay cash to firm's shareholders that provides more preferable tax treatment
Reverse stock split
A proportionate decrease in the number of shares, but not the value of shares of stock
Sell limit order
Conditional trading order that indicates that a, security may be sold at the designated price or
If an investor thinks the price of a stock is going down, the investor could borrow the stock from
One who has sold a contract to establish a market position and who has not yet closed out this position
Bonds with short current maturities.
See: unmatched book.
The sale of a futures contract(s) to eliminate or lessen the possible decline in value ownership of
This is the total number of shares of a security that investors have borrowed, then sold in the
Occurs when a person sells stocks he or she does not yet own. Shares must be borrowed,
Selling a security that the seller does not own but is committed to repurchasing eventually. It is
Establishing a market position by selling a security one does not own in anticipation of the price
A situation in which a lack of supply tends to force prices upward.
A straddle in which one put and one call are sold.
Costs that fall with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
The risk of falling short of any investment target.
Short-run operating activities
Events and decisions concerning the short-term finance of a firm, such as
Short-term financial plan
A financial plan that covers the coming fiscal year.
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
Short-term solvency ratios
Ratios used to judge the adequacy of liquid assets for meeting short-term
Short-term tax exempts
short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
Ownership of a corporation which is represented by shares which represent a piece of the corporation's
Payment of a corporate dividend in the form of stock rather than cash. The stock dividend
Formal organizations, approved and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission
A firm's repurchase of outstanding shares of its common stock.
An active portfolio management technique that focuses on advantageous selection of
Balance sheet item that includes the book value of ownership in the corporation. It
Stock index option
An option in which the underlying is a common stock index.
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