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Definition of Stockpoint
An inventory storage area used for short-term inventory staging.
A method for dividing inventory into classifications,
A racking system using automated systems
The inventory cost-flow assumption that assigns the average
The beginning inventory for a period, plus the amount at the end of
A secured loan that gives the lender a lien against all the borrower's inventories.
The amount of money invested in inventory, as per a company’s
Cash receipts and payments involving
Cash receipts and payments involving
A measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and
a measure of dispersion that
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash
Withdrawal of funds from a financial institution in order to invest them directly.
inventory intended for shipment to customers, usually
dollar days (of inventory)
a measurement of the value of inventory for the time that inventory is held
The dollar value or unit total of goods on hand at the end of an
Euro-medium term note (Euro-MTN)
A non-underwritten Euronote issued directly to the market. Euro-
Institutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or
Firm that raises money from many small investors and provides financing to businesses or other
Any institution, such as a bank, that takes deposits from savers and loans them to borrowers.
The process whereby financial intermediaries channel funds from lender/savers to borrower/spenders.
Finished goods inventory
Goods that have been completed by the manufacturing
Finished goods inventory
Completed inventory items ready for shipment to
First-In, First-Out (FIFO) Inventory Method
The inventory cost-flow assumption that
An inventory storage technique under which permanent
Optional periods of time which the conditions of a contract will be carried out.
Excess inventory kept on hand to provide a buffer against
Excess inventories kept on hand as a buffer against contingent
inventory currently situated between its shipment and delivery
Parts with no recent prior or forecasted usage.
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
An independent third party that may act as a mediator during negotiations.
A good used in producing another good.
Typically 1-10 years.
Investment through a financial institution. Related: disintermediation.
For companies: Raw materials, items available for sale or in the process of being made ready for
Goods bought or manufactured for resale but as yet unsold, comprising raw materials, work-in-progress and finished goods.
The cost of the goods that a company has available for resale.
Goods that a firm stores in anticipation of its later sale or use as an input.
The cost of unsold goods that are held for sale in the ordinary course of business or
Those items included categorized as either raw materials, work-inprocess,
A transaction used to adjust the book balance of an inventory
The number of days it would take to sell the ending balance in inventory at the
The redirection of parts or finished goods away from their intended
A transaction used to record the reduction in inventory from a location,
A secured short-term loan to purchase inventory. The three basic forms are a blanket
The arrival of an inventory delivery from a supplier or other
inventory returned from a customer for any reason. This receipt
A term describing the loss of products from inventory
A shortfall between inventory based on actual physical counts and inventory
The ratio of annual sales to average inventory which measures the speed that inventory
The number of times a company sold out and replaced its average stock of goods in a year. The formula is:
The number of times per year that an entire inventory or a
Ratio of annual sales to inventory, which shows how many times the inventory of a firm is sold and replaced during an accounting period.
inventory turnover ratio
The cost-of-goods-sold expense for a given
Inventory Turnover Ratio
Provides a measure of how often a company's inventory is sold or
Refers to making an entry, usually at the close of a
Just-in-time inventory systems
Systems that schedule materials/inventory to arrive exactly as they are
Last-In, First-Out (LIFO) Inventory Method
The inventory cost-flow assumption that assigns the most recent inventory acquisition costs to cost of goods sold. The earliest inventory
Liquidity theory of the term structure
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the implied forward
In accounting information, one year or greater.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
An obligation having a maturity of more than one year from the date it was issued. Also
A debt for which payments will be required for a period of more than
Long Term Debt
Liability due in a year or more.
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
Long-term financial plan
Financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
Amount owed for leases, bond repayment and other items due after 1 year.
Bills that are payable in more than one year, such as a mortgage or bonds.
Amounts owing after more than one year.
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
Assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
An inventory item’s budgeted maximum inventory level,
A corporate debt instrument that is continuously offered to investors over a period of
The value of the products that a retailing or wholesaling company intends to resell for a profit.
An inventory item’s budgeted minimum inventory level.
Moving average inventory method
An inventory costing methodology that calls for the re-calculation of the average cost of all parts in stock after every purchase.
The current inventory balance, less allocated or reserved items.
Parts not used in any current end product.
Other long term liabilities
Value of leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes and other obligations
A physical inventory count taken on a repetitive basis.
Periodic inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the inventory account is adjusted for the units sold only at the end of the period.
A system that continually tracks all additions to and deletions
A manual or automated inventory tracking system in which
Perpetual inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the inventory account is adjusted for the units sold each time a sale is made.
A manual count of the on-hand inventory.
The storage of stock in a location in or near the shop floor
predetermined overhead rate
an estimated constant charge per unit of activity used to assign overhead cost to production or services of the period; it is calculated by dividing total budgeted annual overhead at a selected level of volume or activity by that selected measure of volume or activity; it is also the standard overhead application rate
The technique of storing incoming inventory in any
Raw materials inventory
The total cost of all component parts currently in stock that
The process of comparing book to actual inventory balances,
The length of time given a borrower by a lender to repay a debt and the frequency of principal payments which the borrower has to meet.
Very high inventory levels built up in anticipation of large
If an investor thinks the price of a stock is going down, the investor could borrow the stock from
One who has sold a contract to establish a market position and who has not yet closed out this position
Bonds with short current maturities.
See: unmatched book.
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