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Remainderman

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Definition of Remainderman

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Remainderman

One who receives the principal of a trust when it is dissolved.



Related Terms:

All or none

Requirement that nOne of an order be executed unless all of it can be executed at the specified price.


All-or-none underwriting

An arrangement whereby a security issue is canceled if the underwriter is unable
to re-sell the entire issue.


At-the-money

An option is at-the-mOney if the strike price of the option is equal to the market price of the
underlying security. For example, if xyz stock is trading at 54, then the xyz 54 option is at-the-mOney.


Call money rate

Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
margin loans to investors. The broker charges the investor the call mOney rate plus a service charge.


Collateral trust bonds

A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
stocks, notes, bonds, or other financial asset as security. Compare mortgage bond.



Component

Raw materials or subassemblies used to make either finished goods
or higher levels of subassembly.


Deed of trust

Indenture.


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Depository Trust Company (DTC)

DTC is a user-owned securities depository which accepts deposits of
eligible securities for custody, executes book-entry deliveries and records book-entry pledges of securities in
its custody, and provides for withdrawals of securities from its custody.


Dow Jones industrial average

This is the best known U.S.index of stocks. It contains 30 stocks that trade on
the New York Stock Exchange. The Dow, as it is called, is a barometer of how shares of the largest
U.S.companies are performing. There are thousands of investment indexes around the world for stocks,
bonds, currencies and commodities.


Dow Jones Industrial Average

Index of the investment performance of a portfolio of 30 “blue-chip” stocks.


economic components model

Abrams’ model for calculating DLOM based on the interaction of discounts from four economic compOnents.
This model consists of four compOnents: the measure of the economic impact of the delay-to-sale, monopsony power to buyers, and incremental transactions costs to both buyers and sellers.


Equipment trust certificates

Certificates issued by a trust that was formed to purchase an asset and lease it
to a lessee. when the last of the certificates has been repaid, title of ownership of the asset reverts to the
lessee.


European Monetary System (EMS)

An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
of European Union member countries.


Fiat Money

Fiat MOney is paper currency made legal tender by law or fiat. It is not backed by gold or silver and is not necessarily redeemable in coin. This practice has had widespread use for about the last 70 years. If governments produce too much of it, there is a loss of confidence. Even so, governments print it routinely when they need it. The value of fiat mOney is dependent upon the performance of the economy of the country which issued it. Canada's currency falls into this category.


Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (GAAP)

A technical accounting term that encompasses the
conventions, rules, and procedures necessary to define accepted accounting practice at a particular time.


Grantor trust

A mechanism of issuing MBS wherein the mortgages' collateral is deposited with a trustee
under a custodial or trust agreement.


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High-Powered Money

See mOney base.


Hot money

MOney that moves across country borders in response to interest rate differences and that moves
away when the interest rate differential disappears.



In-the-money

A put option that has a strike price higher than the underlying futures price, or a call option
with a strike price lower than the underlying futures price. For example, if the March COMEX silver futures
contract is trading at $6 an ounce, a March call with a strike price of $5.50 would be considered in-the-mOney
by $0.50 an ounce.
Related: put.


International Monetary Fund

An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
member countries and to lend foreign currency reserves to members with short-term balance of payment
problems.


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Organization originally established to manage the postwar fixed exchange rate system.


International Monetary Market (IMM)

A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
futures. Related: Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME).


Investment trust

A closed-end fund regulated by the Investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
fixed number of shares which are traded on the secondary markets similarly to corporate stocks. The market
price may exceed the net asset value per share, in which case it is considered at a "premium." when the
market price falls below the NAV/share, it is at a "discount." Many closed-end funds are of a specialized
nature, with the portfolio representing a particular industry, country, etc. These funds are usually listed on US
and foreign exchanges.


Law of one price

An economic rule stating that a given security must have the same price regardless of the
means by which One goes about creating that security. This implies that if the payoff of a security can be
synthetically created by a package of other securities, the price of the package and the price of the security
whose payoff it replicates must be equal.


law of one price

Theory that prices of goods in all countries should be equal when translated to a common currency.


Monetarism

School of economic thought stressing the importance of the mOney supply in the economy. Adherents believe that the economy is inherently stable, so that policy is best undertaken through adoption of a policy rule.


Monetarist Rule

Proposal that the mOney supply be increased at a steady rate equal approximately to the real rate of growth of the economy. Contrast with discretionary policy.


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Monetary Aggregate

Any measure of the economy's mOney supply.



Monetary Base

See mOney base.


Monetary gold

Gold held by governmental authorities as a financial asset.


Monetary / non-monetary method

Under this translation method, mOnetary items (e.g. cash, accounts
payable and receivable, and long-term debt) are translated at the current rate while non-mOnetary items (e.g.
inventory, fixed assets, and long-term investments) are translated at historical rates.


Monetary policy

Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
mOney supply or interest rates.


Monetary Policy

Actions taken by the central bank to change the supply of mOney and the interest rate and thereby affect economic activity.


Monetizing the Debt

See printing mOney.


Money

Any item that serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account. See medium of exchange.


Money base

Composed of currency and coins outside the banking system plus liabilities to the deposit mOney banks.


Money Base

Cash plus deposits of the commercial banks with the central bank.


Money center banks

Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international mOney markets, relying less on depositors for funds.


Money Laundering

This is the process by which "dirty mOney" generated by criminal activities is converted through legitimate businesses into assets that cannot be easily traced back to their illegal origins.


Money management

Related: Investment management.


Money manager

Related: Investment manager.


Money market

MOney markets are for borrowing and lending mOney for three years or less. The securities in
a mOney market can be U.S.government bonds, treasury bills and commercial paper from banks and
companies.


Money Market

A market that specializes in trading short-term, low-risk, very liquid
debt securities


money market

Market for short-term financial assets.


Money Market

A financial market in which short-term (maturity of less than a year) debt instruments such as bonds are traded.


Money Market

Financial market in which funds are borrowed or lent for short periods. (The mOney market is distinguished from the capital market, which is the market for long term funds.)


Money market demand account

An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.


Money market fund

A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances,
commercial paper, repurchase agreements and government bills. The net asset value per share is maintained at
$1. 00. Such funds are not federally insured, although the portfolio may consist of guaranteed securities
and/or the fund may have private insurance protection.


money market fund

A type of mutual fund that invests primarily in short-term debt securities maturing in One year or less. These include treasury bills, bankers’ acceptances, commercial paper, discount notes and guaranteed investment certficates.


Money market hedge

The use of borrowing and lending transactions in foreign currencies to lock in the
home currency value of a foreign currency transaction.


Money market notes

Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.


Money Multiplier

Change in the mOney supply per change in the mOney base.


money order

A guaranteed form of payment in amounts up to and including $5,000. You might request a mOney order in order to pay for tuition fees at a university or a college, or for a magazine subscription.


Money purchase plan

A defined benefit contribution plan in which the participant contributes some part and
the firm contributes at the same or a different rate. Also called and individual account plan.


Money Rate of Interest

See interest rate, nominal.


Money rate of return

Annual mOney return as a percentage of asset value.


Money supply

M1-A: Currency plus demand deposits
M1-B: M1-A plus other checkable deposits.
M2: M1-B plus overnight repos, mOney market funds, savings, and small (less than $100M) time deposits.
M3: M-2 plus large time deposits and term repos.
L: M-3 plus other liquid assets.


Neutrality of Money

The doctrine that the mOney supply affects only the price level, with no long-run impact on real variables.


New money

In a Treasury auction, the amount by which the par value of the securities offered exceeds that of
those maturing.


Notional principal amount

In an interest rate swap, the predetermined dollar principal on which the
exchanged interest payments are based.


One-factor APT

A special case of the arbitrage pricing theory that is derived from the One-factor model by
using diversification and arbitrage. It shows the expected return on any risky asset is a linear function of a
single factor.


One man picture

The picture quoted by a broker is said to be a One-man picture if both the bid and offered
prices come from the same source.


One-way market

1) A market in which only One side, the bid or asked, is quoted or firm.
2) A market that is moving strongly in One direction.


Out-of-the-money option

A call option is out-of-the-mOney if the strike price is greater than the market price
of the underlying security. A put option is out-of-the-mOney if the strike price is less than the market price of
the underlying security.


Personal trust

An interest in an asset held by a trustee for the benefit of another person.


Phone switching

In mutual funds, the ability to transfer shares between funds in the same family by
telephOne request. There may be a charge associated with these transfers. PhOne switching is also possible
among different fund families if the funds are held in street name by a participating broker/dealer.


Postponement option

The option of postponing a project without eliminating the possibility of undertaking it.


Precautionary demand (for money)

The need to meet unexpected or extraordinary contingencies with a
buffer stock of cash.


Principal

1) The total amount of mOney being borrowed or lent.
2) The party affected by agent decisions in a principal-agent relationship.


Principal

The original amount loaned, which is repaid plus interest. See face value.


Principal

The obligation due under a debt instrument exclusive of interest.


Principal-agent relationship

A situation that can be modeled as One person, an agent, who acts on the behalf
of another person, the principal.


Principal amount

The face amount of debt; the amount borrowed or lent. Often called principal.


Principal Amount

Generally, refers to the face value of a debt.


Principal of diversification

Highly diversified portfolios will have negligible unsystematic risk. In other
words, unsystematic risks disappear in portfolios, and only systematic risks survive.


Principal only (PO)

A mortgage-backed security in which the holder receives only principal cash flows on
the underlying mortgage pool. The principal-only portion of a stripped MBS. For PO securities, all of the
principal distribution due from the underlying collateral pool is paid to the registered holder of the stripped
MBS based on the current face value of the underlying collateral pool.


Principal value

See Par value.


Printing Money

Sale of bonds by the government to the central bank.


Quantity Theory of Money

Theory that velocity is constant, and so a change in mOney supply will change nominal income by the same percentage. Formalized by the equation Mv = PQ.


Real Money Supply

MOney supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the mOney supply by a price index.


REIT (real estate investment trust)

Real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
fund. REITs invest in real estate or loans secured by real estate and issue shares in such investments.


Remaining principal balance

The amount of principal dollars remaining to be paid under the mortgage as of
a given point in time.


Risk prone

Willing to pay mOney to transfer risk from others.


Roth IRA. An IRA account whose earnings are not taxable at all under certain

circumstances.


Seasoned datings

Extended credit for customers who order goods in periods other than peak seasons.


Seasoned issue

Issue of a security for which there is an existing market. Related: UnseasOned issue.


Seasoned new issue

A new issue of stock after the company's securities have previously been issued. A
seasOned new issue of common stock can be made by using a cash offer or a rights offer.


seasoned offering

Sale of securities by a firm that is already publicly traded.


SIMEX (Singapore International Monetary Exchange)

A leading futures and options exchange in Singapore.


Speculative demand (for money)

The need for cash to take advantage of investment opportunities that may arise.


Stand-alone principle

Investment principle that states a firm should accept or reject a project by comparing it
with securities in the same risk class.


Target zone arrangement

A mOnetary system under which countries pledge to maintain their exchange rates
within a specific margin around agreed-upon, fixed central exchange rates.


Term trust

A closed-end fund that has a fixed termination or maturity date.


Time value of money

The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar
received today can earn interest up until the time the future dollar is received.


Tombstone

Advertisement listing the underwriters to a security issue.


Transaction demand (for money)

The need to accommodate a firm's expected cash transactions.


Trust Company

Organization usually combined with a commercial bank, which is engaged as a trustee for individuals or businesses in the administration of trust funds, estates, custodial arrangements, stock transfer and registration, and other related services.


Trust deed

Agreement between trustee and borrower setting out terms of bond.


Trust receipt

Receipt for goods that are to be held in trust for the lender.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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