|Passive investment management
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Definition of Passive investment management
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
The return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
Related: financial analysts
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
Decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
Investment product line (IPML)
The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
A closed-end fund regulated by the investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
Management/closely held shares
Percentage of shares held by persons closely related to a company, as
Management buyout (MBO)
Leveraged buyout whereby the acquiring group is led by the firm's management.
An investment advisory fee charged by the financial advisor to a fund based on the fund's
Related: investment management.
Mutually exclusive investment decisions
investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Passive portfolio strategy
A strategy that involves minimal expectational input, and instead relies on
Passive investment strategy
See: passive management.
A market index portfolio.
Related: investment management
The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
REIT (real estate investment trust)
Real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)
A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
Return on investment (ROI)
Generally, book income as a proportion of net book value.
The process of identifying and evaluating risks and selecting and managing techniques to
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
Related: asset management
Top-down equity management style
A management style that begins with an assessment of the overall
The mirror image of the asset substitution problem, wherein stockholders refuse
Unit investment trust
Money invested in a portfolio whose composition is fixed for the life of the fund.
Working capital management
The management of current assets and current liabilities to maximize shortterm liquidity.
A portfolio of zero net value established by buying and shorting component
RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)
In its most basic form, the rate of return equals net income divided by the amount of money invested. It can be applied to a particular product or piece of equipment, or to a business as a whole.
A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
The production of financial and non-financial information used in planning for the future; making decisions about products, services, prices and what costs to incur; and ensuring that plans are implemented and achieved.
Return on investment (ROI)
The net profit after tax as a percentage of the shareholdersâ€™ investment in the business.
Strategic management accounting
The provision and analysis of management accounting data about a business and its competitors, which is of use in the development and monitoring of strategy (Simmonds).
A variety of approaches that emphasize increasing shareholder value as the primary goal of every business.
capital investment analysis
Refers to various techniques and procedures
This is difficult to define in a few wordsâ€”indeed, an
return on investment (ROI)
A very general concept that refers to some
The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
activity-based management (ABM)
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)
an organization composed of individuals interested in the field of management accounting; it coordinates the Certified management
a responsibility center in which the manager
a judgment about which assets will be
a discipline that includes almost
Management Accounting Guidelines (MAGs)
pronouncements of the Society of management Accountants of
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
the preference of a manager in how he/she interacts with other stakeholders in the organization;
a philosophy about increasing a firmâ€™s performance by involving all workers and by ensuring
performance management system
a system reflecting the entire package of decisions regarding performance measurement and evaluation
the process of gathering information
an assumption made about the rates of return that will be earned by intermediate cash flows from a capital project; NPV and PI assume reinvestment at the discount rate; IRR assumes reinvestment at the IRR
return on investment
a ratio that relates income generated
Society of Management Accountants of Canada
the professional body representing an influential and diverse
Statement on Management Accounting (SMA)
a pronouncement developed and issued by the management
strategic resource management
organizational planning for the deployment of resources to create value for customers and shareholders; key varibles in the process include the management of information and the management of change in response to threats and opportunities
the cooperative strategic planning,
the use of all techniques that help an organization achieve its goals
total quality management (TQM)
a structural system for creating organization-wide participation in planning and implementing a continuous improvement process that exceeds
Bonds rated Baa or above by Moodyâ€™s or BBB or above by Standard & Poorâ€™s.
management buyout (MBO)
Acquisition of the firm by its own management in a leveraged buyout.
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
Expenditures on capital goods including new housing. Financial ''investments" and sales of existing assets are not included.
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
investment spending minus depreciation.
Abusive Earnings Management
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
Abusive Earnings Management
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
The active manipulation of earnings toward a predetermined target.
Operational Earnings Management
management actions taken in the effort to create stable
Real Actions (Earnings) Management
Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
Business Expansion Investment
The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.
Money used to purchase fixed assets for a business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.
management refers to the individuals in an entity that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the entity. The positions of these individuals, and their titles, vary from one entity to another and, to some extent, from one country to another depending on the local laws and customs. Thus, when the context requires it, the term includes the board of directors or committees of the board which are designated to oversee certain matters (e.g., audit committee).
guaranteed investment certificate (GIC)
A GIC is an investment that gives you a guaranteed rate of return over a fixed period of time, usually between 30 days and 5 years. GICs are available from banks, trust companies, and other financial institutions.
management expense ratio (MER)
The total expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of daily average net assets. MER does not include brokerage fees and commissions, which are also payable by the Fund.
The fee paid to the fundâ€™s manager for supervising the administration of the fund.
qualified investments (Canada)
Qualified investments is the term used for investments that can be held in an RSP. These investments generally include:
Regular Investment Plan (RIP)
A plan under which you may make regular deposits of the same amount to your Mutual Funds account once a month, once every 2 weeks, or once a week. You can also make regular deposits up to four times a month on any dates you choose.
Through equity investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity investment is corporate stock.
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