|Over-the-counter market (OTC)|
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Definition of Over-the-counter market (OTC)
Over-the-counter market (OTC)
A decentralized market (as opposed to an exchange market) where
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
QMDM (quantitative marketability discount model)
model for calculating DLOM for minority interests r the discount rate
Accelerated cost recovery system (ACRS)
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Accounts receivable turnover
The ratio of net credit sales to average accounts receivable, a measure of how
A bond indenture restriction that permits additional borrowing on if the ratio of assets to
The ratio of net sales to total assets.
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
An illegal market.
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
An agreement between two or more countries that permits the free movement of capital
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
The exchange of goods for other goods rather than for cash; barter.
In the balance of payments, counterpart items are analogous to unrequited transfers in the
The parties to an interest rate swap.
on the other side of a trade or transaction.
The risk that the other party to an agreement will default. In an options contract, the risk
The purchase of a contract to offset a previously established short position.
Ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
A short call option position in which the writer owns the number of shares of the underlying
Covered call writing strategy
A strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor
Covered interest arbitrage
A portfolio manager invests dollars in an instrument denominated in a foreign
Covered or hedge option strategies
Strategies that involve a position in an option as well as a position in the
A put option position in which the option writer also is short the corresponding stock or has
The return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value.
A market where traders specializing in particular commodities buy and sell assets for their
The market for trading debt instruments.
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
markets for derivative instruments.
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
Doctrine of sovereign immunity
Doctrine that says a nation may not be tried in the courts of another country
Part of a nation's internal market representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
Efficient Market Hypothesis
In general the hypothesis states that all relevant information is fully and
In the interbank Eurodollar deposit market, an either-way market is one in which the bid
The financial markets of developing economies.
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
The money market for borrowing and lending currencies that are held in the form of
Excess return on the market portfolio
The difference between the return on the market portfolio and the
Also referred to as the international market, the offshore market, or, more popularly, the
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
Federal funds market
The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
An organized institutional structure or mechanism for creating and exchanging financial assets.
Fixed asset turnover ratio
The ratio of sales to fixed assets.
Fixed-charge coverage ratio
A measure of a firm's ability to meet its fixed-charge obligations: the ratio of
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Foreign equity market
That portion of the domestic equity market that represents issues floated by foreign companies.
Part of a nation's internal market, representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Foreign market beta
A measure of foreign market risk that is derived from the capital asset pricing model.
Purchase or sale of forward foreign currency in order to offset a known future cash flow.
A market in which participants agree to trade some commodity, security, or foreign
Direct trading in exchange-listed securities between investors without the use of a broker.
A market in which contracts for future delivery of a commodity or a security are bought or sold.
See: Government securities.
Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae)
A wholly owned U.S. government corporation
Government sponsored enterprises
Privately owned, publicly chartered entities, such as the Student Loan
Negotiable U.S. Treasury securities.
Purchases and sales of eurobonds that occur before the issue price is finally set.
Index and Option Market (IOM)
A division of the CME established in 1982 for trading stock index
Interest coverage ratio
The ratio of the earnings before interest and taxes to the annual interest expense. This
Interest coverage test
A debt limitation that prohibits the issuance of additional long-term debt if the issuer's
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
The mechanisms for issuing and trading securities within a nation, including its domestic
Internally efficient market
Operationally efficient market.
Related: See external market.
International Monetary Market (IMM)
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
Intramarket sector spread
The spread between two issues of the same maturity within a market sector. For
The ratio of annual sales to average inventory which measures the speed that inventory
A futures market in which the nearer months are selling at price premiums to the more
A market is locked if the bid = ask price. This can occur, for example, if the market is
Make a market
A dealer is said to make a market when he quotes bid and offered prices at which he stands
The process whereby the book value or collateral value of a security is adjusted to reflect
An arrangement whereby the profits or losses on a futures contract are settled each day.
The total dollar value of all outstanding shares. Computed as shares times current
Market capitalization rate
Expected return on a security. The market-consensus estimate of the appropriate
Total demand for loans by borrowers equals total supply of loans from lenders. The market,
Market conversion price
Also called conversion parity price, the price that an investor effectively pays for
The period between the 2 latest highs or lows of the S&P 500, showing net performance of a
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
This relationship is sometimes called the single-index model. The market model says that the
This is an order to immediately buy or sell a security at the current trading price.
The theory that in certain situations, institutions wish to sell their shares but postpone the
A portfolio consisting of all assets available to investors, with each asset held -in
Market price of risk
A measure of the extra return, or risk premium, that investors demand to bear risk. The
The amount of money that a willing buyer pays to acquire something from a willing seller,
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