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Definition of Capital market
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
The market in which investors buy and sell shares of companies, normally associated with a Stock Exchange.
A market that specializes in trading long-term, relatively high risk
The market in which savings are made available to those needing funds to undertake investment projects. A financial market in which longer-term (maturity greater than one year) bonds and stocks are traded.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
markets for long-term financing.
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
efficient capital markets
Financial markets in which security prices rapidly reflect all relevant information about asset values.
Perfect capital market
A market in which there are never any arbitrage opportunities.
The total dollar value of all outstanding shares. Computed as shares times current
Aggregate value of a corporation as determined by the market price of its total issued and outstanding stock.
market capitalization, or market cap
Current market value per share of
Market capitalization rate
Expected return on a security. The market-consensus estimate of the appropriate
Perfect market view (of capital structure)
Analysis of a firm's capital structure decision, which shows the
A type of bond that has an infinite life but is not issued in the U.S. capital markets.
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
A Congressionally chartered corporation that
Bonds that are designed so as to qualify for immediate trading in any domestic capital market
Financial securities, such as money market instruments or capital market insturments.
Financial market in which funds are borrowed or lent for short periods. (The money market is distinguished from the capital market, which is the market for long term funds.)
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
Perfect market view (of dividend policy)
Analysis of a decision on dividend policy, in a perfect capital
Perfectly competitive financial markets
markets in which no trader has the power to change the price of
Pie model of capital structure
A model of the debt/equity ratio of the firms, graphically depicted in slices of
The process of creating a passthrough, such as the mortgage pass-through security, by which
Security deposit (maintenance)
Related: Maintenance margin security market line (SML). A description of
Transferable put right
An option issued by the firm to its shareholders to sell the firm one share of its
An investment in a start-up business that is perceived to have excellent growth prospects but
The interim holding period from the time of the closing of a loan to its subsequent marketing to
"Soft" Capital Rationing
capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
Additional paid-in capital
Amounts in excess of the par value or stated value that have been paid by the public to acquire stock in the company; synonymous with capital in excess of par.
Additional paid-in capital
Any payment received from investors for stock that exceeds
additional paid-in capital
Difference between issue price and par value of stock. Also called capital surplus.
Aggressive Capitalization Policies
capitalizing and reporting as assets significant portions of
Aggressive Cost Capitalization
Cost capitalization that stretches the flexibility within generally
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
authorized share capital
Maximum number of shares that the company is permitted to issue, as specified in the firm’s articles of incorporation.
Average cost of capital
A firm's required payout to the bondholders and to the stockholders expressed as a
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
An illegal market.
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
Money invested in a firm.
The money, raised by selling stock or bonds or taking out loans, that you use to start, operate, and grow a business.
The shareholders’ investment in the business; the difference between the assets and liabilities
A very broad term rooted in economic theory and referring to
The investment by a company’s owners in a business, plus the impact of any
a) Physical capital: buildings, equipment, and any materials used to produce other goods and services in the future rather than being consumed today.
Expenditures Purchases of productive long-lived assets, in particular, items of property,
Any asset or stock of assets, financial or physical, capable of producing income.
Net result of public and private international investment and lending activities.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from purchases or sales of assets.
decision Allocation of invested funds between risk-free assets versus the risky portfolio.
an asset used to generate revenues or cost savings
A fixed asset, something that is expected to have long-term usage within
Capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
An economic theory that describes the relationship between risk and
Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
A model for estimating equilibrium rates of return and values of
capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
Theory of the relationship between risk and return which states that the expected risk
A firm's set of planned capital expenditures.
management’s plan for investments in longterm
List of planned investment projects.
The process of choosing the firm's long-term capital assets.
Refers generally to analysis procedures for ranking
The process of ranking and selecting investment alternatives and
a process of evaluating an entity’s proposed
The series of steps one follows when justifying the decision to purchase
capital budgeting decision
Decision as to which real assets the firm should acquire.
Capital Consumption Allowance
Capital Cost Allowance (CCA)
The annual depreciation expense allowed by the Canadian Income Tax Act.
The total of debt and equity, i.e. the total funds in the business.
Amount used during a particular period to acquire or improve long-term assets such as
Refers to investments by a business in long-term
The transfer of capital abroad in response to fears of political risk.
Purchase by foreigners of our assets (capital inflows) or our purchase of foreign assets (capital outflows).
When a stock is sold for a profit, it's the difference between the net sales price of securities and
The gain recognized on the sale of a capital item (fixed asset), calculated
An increase in the value of an asset.
The positive difference between the adjusted cost base of an investment held as a capital property and the proceeds of disposition you receive when you sell it. When you sell such an investment for more than you paid, you realize a capital gain.
Capital gains yield
The price change portion of a stock's return.
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
Capital in excess par
Amounts in excess of the par value or stated value that have been paid by the public to acquire stock in the company; synonymous with additional paid-in capital.
capital investment analysis
Refers to various techniques and procedures
Money used to purchase fixed assets for a business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.
A lease obligation that has to be capitalized on the balance sheet.
A lease in which the lessee obtains some ownership rights over the asset
One where substantially all of the benefits and risks of ownership are transferred to the lessee. It must be reflected on the company's balance sheet as an asset and corresponding liability.
The difference between the net cost of a security and the net sale price, if that security is sold at a loss.
The negative difference between the adjusted cost base of an investment held as a capital property and the proceeds of disposition you receive when you sell it. When you sell such an investment for less than you paid, you incur a capital loss.
A situation in which assets can easily be purchased by foreigners.
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
a condition that exists when there is an
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