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Definition of Non-Smoker Discount
In October 1996 it was announced in the international news that scientists had finally located the link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer. In the early 1980's, some Canadian Life Insurance Companies had already started recognizing that non-smokers had a better life expectancy than smokers so commenced offering premium discounts for life insurance to new applicants who have been non-smokers for at least 12 months before applying for coverage. Today, most life insurance companies offer these discounts.
In portfolio accounting, a straight-line accumulation of capital gains on discount
a price concession made under competitive pressure (real or imagined) that does not relate to quantity purchased
the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning $1 of cash flow.
Requirement that none of an order be executed unless all of it can be executed at the specified price.
An arrangement whereby a security issue is canceled if the underwriter is unable
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
Version of the dividend discount model in which dividends grow at a constant rate.
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Referring to the selling price of a bond, a price below its par value. Related: premium.
The percentage amount at which bonds sell below their par value. Also the percentage amount at which a currency sells on the forward market below its current rate on the spot market.
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
The curve of discount rates vs. maturity dates for bonds.
Present value of $1 received at a stated future date.
Present value of a $1 future payment.
The period during which a customer can deduct the discount from the net amount of the bill
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
the rate of return used to discount future cash
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
A rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
non-interest-bearing money market instruments that are issued at a discount and
Facility provided by the Fed enabling member banks to borrow reserves against collateral
The Federal Reserve facility at which reserves are loaned to banks at the discount rate.
Selling something on a discounted basis is selling below what its value will be at maturity,
Discounted cash flow
A technique that determines the present value of future cash
Discounted Cash Flow
Techniques for establishing the relative worth of a future investment by discounting (at a required rate of return) the expected net cash flows from the project.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
A method of investment appraisal that discounts future cash flows to present value using a discount rate, which is the risk-adjusted cost of capital.
discounted cash flow (DCF)
Refers to a capital investment analysis technique
Discounted dividend model (DDM)
A formula to estimate the intrinsic value of a firm by figuring the
Discounted payback period rule
An investment decision rule in which the cash flows are discounted at an
Calculating the present value of a future amount. The process is opposite to compounding.
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
the process of reducing future cash flows to present value amounts
Calculating the present value of a future payment.
The process of finding the present value of a series of future cash flows. discounting is the reverse of compounding.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
dividend discount model
Computation of today’s stock price which states that share value equals the present value of all expected future dividends.
Dividend discount model (DDM)
A model for valuing the common stock of a company, based on the
DLOC (discount for lack of control)
an amount or percentage deducted from a pro rata share of the value of 100% of an equity interest in a business, to reflect the absence of some or all of the powers of control.
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
Documented discount notes
Commercial paper backed by normal bank lines plus a letter of credit from a
A currency trades at a forward discount when its forward price is lower than its spot price.
fractional interest discount
the combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the ADF, Gordon model, or present value factor.
Monetary / non-monetary method
Under this translation method, monetary items (e.g. cash, accounts
Non-cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose holders must forgo dividend payments when the
Include such things as freight, insurance, passenger services, and travel.
Defined benefit pension plans that are not guaranteed by life insurance products. Related:
This is the maximum value of a policy that an insurance company will issue without the applicant taking a medical examination, although medical questions are invariably asked during the application process. When a non-medical issue is made through group insurance, in most cases, medical data is not requested at all.
a restriction in a linear programming
Non-parallel shift in the yield curve
A shift in the yield curve in which yields do not change by the same
A type of insurance policy or annuity in which the owner does not receive dividends.
A general term referring to period costs, such as selling, administration and financial expenses.
A tangible asset with unique physical properties, like a parcel of land, a mine, or a
Refer to goods and services produced and consumed domestically that are not close
non-value-added (NVA) activity
an activity that increases the time spent on a product or service but that does not increase its worth or value to the customer
A cost, such as depreciation, depletion, and amortization, that does not involve any cash outflow.
In a Treasury auction, bidding for a specific amount of securities at the price, whatever it
Any inventory item that does not match its original design
the fixed overhead volume variance;
Nondiversifiability of human capital
The difficulty of diversifying one's human capital (the unique
Risk that cannot be eliminated by diversification.
A debt or equity security for which there is no posted price or bidand-
Claims that cannot be easily bought and sold in the financial markets, such as those of
Nonqualified Retirement Plan
A pension plan that does not follow ERISA and
Nonqualified Stock Option
A stock option not given any favorable tax treatment
Without recourse, as in a non-recourse lease.
Revenues or gains and expenses or losses that are not expected to recur
Not permitted, under the terms of indenture, to be redeemed.
Not permitted, under the terms of indenture, to be refundable.
Nonsignificant part number
An identifying number assigned to a part that conveys
nonmarket or firm-specific risk factors that can be eliminated by diversification. Also
NSF (non-sufficient funds)
This appears on your statement if there are insufficient funds in your account to cover a cheque that you have written or a pre-authorized payment that you have already arranged. You will be charged a service fee for non-sufficient funds.
Original issue discount debt (OID debt)
Debt that is initially offered at a price below par.
A contra account that reduces purchases by the amount of the discounts taken for early payment.
A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest. Also called a zerocoupon
QMDM (quantitative marketability discount model)
model for calculating DLOM for minority interests r the discount rate
risk-adjusted discount rate method
a formal method of adjusting for risk in which the decision maker increases the rate used for discounting the future cash flows to compensate for increased risk
A reduction in the price of a product or service that is offered by the
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of the discounts for early payment allowed on sales.
An amount deducted from an invoice by a supplier in exchange for quick payment (a typical example might be a 2% discount if paid in 10 days or the full amount of the invoice in 30 days).
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