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Definition of Discount factor
Present value of $1 received at a stated future date.
Present value of a $1 future payment.
the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning $1 of cash flow.
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
an amount or percentage deducted from a pro rata share of the value of 100% of an equity interest in a business, to reflect the absence of some or all of the powers of control.
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
the combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the ADF, Gordon model, or present value factor.
a generalization formula invented by Abrams that is the present value of regular but noncontiguous cash flows that have constant growth to perpetuity.
model for calculating DLOM for minority interests r the discount rate
In portfolio accounting, a straight-line accumulation of capital gains on discount
The pool factor implied by the scheduled amortization assuming no prepayemts.
Present value of $1 paid for each of t periods.
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
Rules set by the Chicago Board of Trade for determining the invoice price of each
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Referring to the selling price of a bond, a price below its par value. Related: premium.
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
The period during which a customer can deduct the discount from the net amount of the bill
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
Non-interest-bearing money market instruments that are issued at a discount and
Facility provided by the Fed enabling member banks to borrow reserves against collateral
Selling something on a discounted basis is selling below what its value will be at maturity,
Discounted dividend model (DDM)
A formula to estimate the intrinsic value of a firm by figuring the
Discounted payback period rule
An investment decision rule in which the cash flows are discounted at an
Calculating the present value of a future amount. The process is opposite to compounding.
Dividend discount model (DDM)
A model for valuing the common stock of a company, based on the
Documented discount notes
Commercial paper backed by normal bank lines plus a letter of credit from a
A financial institution that buys a firm's accounts receivables and collects the debt.
A statistical procedure that seeks to explain a certain phenomenon, such as the return on a
A way of decomposing the factors that influence a security's rate of return into common and
A well-diversified portfolio constructed to have a beta of 1.0 on one factor and a beta of
Sale of a firm's accounts receivable to a financial institution known as a factor.
A currency trades at a forward discount when its forward price is lower than its spot price.
factoring arrangement that provides collection and insurance of accounts receivable.
A version of the capital asset pricing model derived by Merton that includes extramarket
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
factoring arrangement that provides collection, insurance, and finance for accounts receivable.
A special case of the arbitrage pricing theory that is derived from the one-factor model by
Original issue discount debt (OID debt)
Debt that is initially offered at a price below par.
The outstanding principal balance divided by the original principal balance with the result
Present value factor
factor used to calculate an estimate of the present value of an amount to be received in
A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest. Also called a zerocoupon
The pool factor as reported by the bond buyer for a given amortization period.
Single factor model
A model of security returns that acknowledges only one common factor.
Black's zero-beta version of the capital asset pricing model.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
A method of investment appraisal that discounts future cash flows to present value using a discount rate, which is the risk-adjusted cost of capital.
The production resource that, as a result of scarce resources, limits the production of goods
A contra account that reduces purchases by the amount of the discounts taken for early payment.
A contra account that offsets revenue. It represents the amount of the discounts for early payment allowed on sales.
discounted cash flow (DCF)
Refers to a capital investment analysis technique
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
The process of calculating the present value of a stream of future
ad hoc discount
a price concession made under competitive pressure (real or imagined) that does not relate to quantity purchased
critical success factors (CSF)
any item (such as quality, customer
the process of reducing future cash flows to present value amounts
the rate of return used to discount future cash
risk-adjusted discount rate method
a formal method of adjusting for risk in which the decision maker increases the rate used for discounting the future cash flows to compensate for increased risk
The curve of discount rates vs. maturity dates for bonds.
Discounted cash flow
A technique that determines the present value of future cash
The sale of accounts receivable to a third party, with the third party bearing
All the costs incurred during the manufacturing process, minus the
A reduction in the price of a product or service that is offered by the
Present value of an annuity of $1 per period.
constant-growth dividend discount model
Version of the dividend discount model in which dividends grow at a constant rate.
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
dividend discount model
Computation of todayâ€™s stock price which states that share value equals the present value of all expected future dividends.
The percentage amount at which bonds sell below their par value. Also the percentage amount at which a currency sells on the forward market below its current rate on the spot market.
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
Calculating the present value of a future payment.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
The Federal Reserve facility at which reserves are loaned to banks at the discount rate.
Factor of Production
A resource used to produce a good or service. The main macroeconomic factors of production are capital and labor.
The discounting, or sale at a discount, of receivables on a nonrecourse, notification
An anticipated loss percentage included in the bill of material and
The expected loss of some proportion of an item during the
In October 1996 it was announced in the international news that scientists had finally located the link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer. In the early 1980's, some Canadian Life Insurance Companies had already started recognizing that non-smokers had a better life expectancy than smokers so commenced offering premium discounts for life insurance to new applicants who have been non-smokers for at least 12 months before applying for coverage. Today, most life insurance companies offer these discounts.
A rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
Discounted Cash Flow
Techniques for establishing the relative worth of a future investment by discounting (at a required rate of return) the expected net cash flows from the project.
The process of finding the present value of a series of future cash flows. discounting is the reverse of compounding.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
An agent who buys and sells goods on behalf of others for a commission.
Type of financial service whereby a firm sells or transfers title to its accounts receivable to a factoring company, which then acts as principal, not as agent.
Numbers found in compound interest and annuity tables. Usually called the FVIF or PVIF.
An amount deducted from an invoice by a supplier in exchange for quick payment (a typical example might be a 2% discount if paid in 10 days or the full amount of the invoice in 30 days).
PV (present value of cash flows)
the value in todayâ€™s dollars of cash flows that occur in different time periods.
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