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Definition of Net investment
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
investment spending minus depreciation.
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
a ratio that compares the present value of net cash flows to the present value of the net investment
Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay.
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
The return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset
Offsetting exposures in one currency with exposures in the same or another currency,
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
Related: financial analysts
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
Decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
Investment product line (IPML)
The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
A closed-end fund regulated by the investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
Gold held by governmental authorities as a financial asset.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
Monetary / non-monetary method
Under this translation method, monetary items (e.g. cash, accounts
Mutually exclusive investment decisions
investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
Net adjusted present value
The adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment.
Net advantage of refunding
The net present value of the savings from a refunding.
Net advantage to leasing
The net present value of entering into a lease financing arrangement rather than
Net advantage to merging
The difference in total post- and pre-merger market value minus the cost of the merger.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
Net book value
The current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any
Net cash balance
Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.
This is the difference between a day's last trade and the previous day's last trade.
Net errors and omissions
In balance of payments accounting, net errors and omissions record the statistical
Net financing cost
Also called the cost of carry or, simply, carry, the difference between the cost of financing
Sum of disbursement float and collection float.
The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
A lease arrangement under which the lessee is responsible for all property taxes, maintenance
Net operating losses
Losses that a firm can take advantage of to reduce taxes.
Net operating margin
The ratio of net operating income to net sales.
The period of time between the end of the discount period and the date payment is due.
Net present value (NPV)
The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.
Net present value of growth opportunities
A model valuing a firm in which net present value of new
Net present value rule
An investment is worth making if it has a positive NPV. Projects with negative NPVs
Net profit margin
net income divided by sales; the amount of each sales dollar left over after all expenses
Net salvage value
The after-tax net cash flow for terminating the project.
Net working capital
Current assets minus current liabilities. Often simply referred to as working capital.
Common stockholders' equity which consists of common stock, surplus, and retained earnings.
Reducing transfers of funds between subsidiaries or separate companies to a net amount.
To get or bring in as a net; to clear as profit.
Passive investment strategy
See: passive management.
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
Reducing fund transfers between affiliates to only a netted amount. netting can be done on
The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
REIT (real estate investment trust)
Real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)
A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
Return on investment (ROI)
Generally, book income as a proportion of net book value.
The minimum available return that will trigger an immunization strategy in a contingent
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
SIMEX (Singapore International Monetary Exchange)
A leading futures and options exchange in Singapore.
The mirror image of the asset substitution problem, wherein stockholders refuse
Unit investment trust
Money invested in a portfolio whose composition is fixed for the life of the fund.
A portfolio of zero net value established by buying and shorting component
The profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales.
NET SALES (revenue)
The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)
In its most basic form, the rate of return equals net income divided by the amount of money invested. It can be applied to a particular product or piece of equipment, or to a business as a whole.
A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
Net present value (NPV)
A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the present value of future cash flows and deducts the initial capital investment.
See operating profit.
Return on investment (ROI)
The net profit after tax as a percentage of the shareholders’ investment in the business.
The last line of the Income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period.
capital investment analysis
Refers to various techniques and procedures
net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and net
net present value (NPV)
Equals the present value (PV) of a capital investment
Generally refers to the book value of owners’ equity as reported
return on investment (ROI)
A very general concept that refers to some
The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
Net Present Value (NPV)
The present value of all future cash inflows minus the present value
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Internet business model
a model that involves
a mechanism for sharing information and delivering data from corporate databases to the local-area network (LAN) desktops
a responsibility center in which the manager
a judgment about which assets will be
net cost of normal spoilage
the cost of spoiled work less the estimated disposal value of that work
net present value (NPV)
the difference between the present values of all cash inflows and outflows for an investment project
net present value method
a process that uses the discounted
net realizable value approach
a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
a flexible organization structure that
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