|Net cash balance|
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Definition of Net cash balance
Net cash balance
Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.
Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay.
the value in today’s dollars of cash flows that occur in different time periods.
A statistical compilation formulated by a sovereign nation of all economic transactions
net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between countries.
Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of the assets, liabilities, and
Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Total Stockholders' Equity
An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.
This is a fund that buys common stock, preferred stock and bonds. The same as a
In a balance of payments, the basic balance is the net balance of the combination of the current
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a company. Usually
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
Purchase of a security and simultaneous sale of a future, with the balance being financed
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a
The actual physical commodity, as distinguished from a futures contract.
Cash conversion cycle
The length of time between a firm's purchase of inventory and the receipt of cash
A company that pays out all earnings per share to stockholders as dividends. Or, a company or
In general, the time between cash disbursement and cash collection. In net working capital
Cash deficiency agreement
An agreement to invest cash in a project to the extent required to cover any cash
The provision of some futures contracts that requires not delivery of underlying assets but
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
A dividend paid in cash to a company's shareholders. The amount is normally based on
A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
net income plus depreciation.
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
A public equity issue that is sold to all interested investors.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
Cash settlement contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, that settle for cash, not involving
A transaction where exchange is immediate, as contrasted to a forward contract, which
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Refers to a situation where a firm runs out of cash and cannot readily sell marketable securities.
An excess balance that is left in a bank to provide indirect compensation for loans
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
Discretionary cash flow
cash flow that is available after the funding of all positive NPV capital investment
Method of accelerated depreciation.
Equivalent annual cash flow
Annuity with the same net present value as the company's proposed investment.
European Monetary System (EMS)
An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
Expected future cash flows
Projected future cash flows associated with an asset of decision.
Offsetting exposures in one currency with exposures in the same or another currency,
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
Free cash flows
cash not required for operations or for reinvestment. Often defined as earnings before
General cash offer
A public offering made to investors at large.
Incremental cash flows
Difference between the firm's cash flows with and without a project.
International Monetary Fund
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
International Monetary Market (IMM)
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
A firm's cash balance as reported in its financial statements. Also called book cash.
Gold held by governmental authorities as a financial asset.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
Monetary / non-monetary method
Under this translation method, monetary items (e.g. cash, accounts
Net adjusted present value
The adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment.
Net advantage of refunding
The net present value of the savings from a refunding.
Net advantage to leasing
The net present value of entering into a lease financing arrangement rather than
Net advantage to merging
The difference in total post- and pre-merger market value minus the cost of the merger.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
Net book value
The current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any
This is the difference between a day's last trade and the previous day's last trade.
Net errors and omissions
In balance of payments accounting, net errors and omissions record the statistical
Net financing cost
Also called the cost of carry or, simply, carry, the difference between the cost of financing
Sum of disbursement float and collection float.
The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
Gross, or total, investment minus depreciation.
A lease arrangement under which the lessee is responsible for all property taxes, maintenance
Net operating losses
Losses that a firm can take advantage of to reduce taxes.
Net operating margin
The ratio of net operating income to net sales.
The period of time between the end of the discount period and the date payment is due.
Net present value (NPV)
The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.
Net present value of growth opportunities
A model valuing a firm in which net present value of new
Net present value of future investments
The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
Net present value rule
An investment is worth making if it has a positive NPV. Projects with negative NPVs
Net profit margin
net income divided by sales; the amount of each sales dollar left over after all expenses
Net salvage value
The after-tax net cash flow for terminating the project.
Net working capital
Current assets minus current liabilities. Often simply referred to as working capital.
Common stockholders' equity which consists of common stock, surplus, and retained earnings.
Reducing transfers of funds between subsidiaries or separate companies to a net amount.
To get or bring in as a net; to clear as profit.
Nominal cash flow
A cash flow expressed in nominal terms if the actual dollars to be received or paid out are given.
A cost, such as depreciation, depletion, and amortization, that does not involve any cash outflow.
Financing that is not shown as a liability in a company's balance sheet.
Operating cash flow
Earnings before depreciation minus taxes. It measures the cash generated from
Reducing fund transfers between affiliates to only a netted amount. netting can be done on
Real cash flow
A cash flow is expressed in real terms if the current, or date 0, purchasing power of the cash
Receivables balance fractions
The percentage of a month's sales that remain uncollected (and part of
Remaining principal balance
The amount of principal dollars remaining to be paid under the mortgage as of
The minimum available return that will trigger an immunization strategy in a contingent
Scheduled cash flows
The mortgage principal and interest payments due to be paid under the terms of the
SIMEX (Singapore International Monetary Exchange)
A leading futures and options exchange in Singapore.
Statement of cash flows
A financial statement showing a firm's cash receipts and cash payments during a
A method of cash budgeting that is organized along the lines of the statement of cash flows.
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