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Definition of Basic balance
In a balance of payments, the basic balance is the net balance of the combination of the current
The difference between exports and imports of goods.
A statistical compilation formulated by a sovereign nation of all economic transactions
The difference between the demand for and supply of a country's currency on the foreign exchange market.
A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.
Net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between countries.
See balance of merchandise trade.
Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of the assets, liabilities, and
A “snapshot” statement that freezes a company on a particular day, like the last day of the year, and shows the balances in its asset, liability, and stockholders’ equity accounts. It’s governed by the formula:
A financial statement showing the financial position of a business – its assets, liabilities and
One of the basic financial statements; it lists the assets, liabilities, and equity accounts of the company. The balance Sheet is prepared using the balances at the end of a specific day.
A term often used instead of the more formal and correct
A report that summarizes all assets, liabilities, and equity for a company
Financial statement that shows the value of the
A financial report showing the status of a company's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity on a given date.
Balance sheet identity
Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Total Stockholders' Equity
The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.
An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.
Balanced mutual fund
This is a fund that buys common stock, preferred stock and bonds. The same as a
A system of non-financial performance measurement that links innovation, customer and process measures to financial performance.
balanced scorecard (BSC)
an approach to performance
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
basic earnings per share (EPS)
This important ratio equals the net
Basic Earnings Power Ratio
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
Basic IRR rule
Accept the project if IRR is greater than the discount rate; reject the project is lower than the
common-size balance sheet
balance sheet that presents items as a percentage of total assets.
An excess balance that is left in a bank to provide indirect compensation for loans
An accelerated depreciation method that calculates depreciation each year by applying a fixed rate to the asset’s book (cost–accumulated depreciation) value. Depreciation stops when the asset’s book value reaches its salvage value.
A method of depreciation.
Method of accelerated depreciation.
market-value balance sheet
Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.
Net cash balance
Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.
Financing that is not shown as a liability in a company's balance sheet.
The quantity of inventory currently in stock, based on inventory
Projected available balance
The future planned balance of an inventory item,
Receivables balance fractions
The percentage of a month's sales that remain uncollected (and part of
Remaining principal balance
The amount of principal dollars remaining to be paid under the mortgage as of
Target cash balance
Optimal amount of cash for a firm to hold, considering the trade-off between the
A listing of all the accounts and their balances on a specified day.
Regional bank account to which just enough funds are transferred daily to pay each day’s bills.
Zero-balance account (ZBA)
A checking account in which zero balance is maintained by transfers of funds
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Refers to the capital invested in a business by its shareowners
Statement Retained Earnings
One of the basic financial statements; it takes the beginning balance of retained earnings and adds net income, then subtracts dividends. The Statement of Retained Earnings is prepared for a specified period of time.
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