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Definition of Minimum-variance frontier
Graph of the lowest possible portfolio variance that is attainable for a given
A statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together.
The combinations of securities portfolios that maximize expected return for any level of
The graphical depiction of the Markowitz efficient set of portfolios
Evaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes.
The selection of portfolios based on the means and variances of their returns. The
Related: Markowitz efficient portfolio
Smallest increment of price movement possible in trading a given contract. Also
For mutual funds, the amount required to open a new account (minimum Initial
The portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance.
Weighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio.
The covariance between a variable and the lagged value of the variable; the same as
A measure of dispersion of a set of data points around their mean value. The mathematical
An approach to bond indexing that uses historical data to
Specifies the permitted minimum or maximum quantity of securities that can be delivered to
A method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved.
The weighted average of the squared deviations from the
the difference between total actual overhead
the budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances
fixed overhead spending variance
the difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead;
fixed overhead volume variance
see volume variance
labor efficiency variance
the number of hours actually worked minus the standard hours allowed for the production
labor mix variance
(actual mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X actual hours X standard rate);
labor rate variance
the actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period;
labor yield variance
(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate);
material price variance
total actual cost of material purchased
material quantity variance
(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price);
material mix variance
(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice);
material yield variance
(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price);
the fixed overhead volume variance;
overhead efficiency variance
the difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted
overhead spending variance
the difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual
total overhead variance
the difference between total actual overhead and total applied overhead; it is the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead
the difference between total actual cost incurred
variable overhead efficiency variance
the difference between budgeted variable overhead based on actual input activity and variable overhead applied to production
variable overhead spending variance
the difference between total actual variable overhead and the budgeted amount of variable overhead based on actual input activity
a difference between an actual and a standard or
the process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences
a fixed overhead variance that represents
A measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in
A graph representing a set of portfolios that maximizes
The dispersion of a variable. The square of the standard deviation.
Direct materials mix variance
The variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of
Labor efficiency variance
The difference between the amount of time that was budgeted
Labor rate variance
The difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates
Materials price variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted cost to
Materials quantity variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted quantities
Production yield variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted proportions
Selling price variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for
Average value of squared deviations from mean. A measure of volatility.
An hourly wage rate set by the federal government below
An inventory item’s budgeted minimum inventory level.
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