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Variance minimization approach to tracking |
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Definition of Variance minimization approach to trackingVariance minimization approach to trackingAn approach to bond indexing that uses historical data to
Related Terms:budget variancethe difference between total actual overhead controllable variancethe budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances CovarianceA statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together. CovarianceA measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in Cross-sectional approachA statistical methodology applied to a set of firms at a particular point in time. Debt service parity approachAn analysis wherein the alternatives under consideration will provide the firm Direct materials mix varianceThe variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of fixed overhead spending variancethe difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead; fixed overhead volume variancesee volume variance labor efficiency variancethe number of hours actually worked minus the standard hours allowed for the production Labor efficiency varianceThe difference between the amount of time that was budgeted labor mix variance(actual mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X actual hours X standard rate); labor rate variancethe actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period; Labor rate varianceThe difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates labor yield variance(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate); material mix variance(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice); material price variancetotal actual cost of material purchased material quantity variance(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price); material yield variance(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price); Materials price varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted cost to Materials quantity varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted quantities Mean-variance analysisEvaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes. Mean-variance criterionThe selection of portfolios based on the means and variances of their returns. The Mean-variance efficient portfolioRelated: Markowitz efficient portfolio Minimum-variance frontierGraph of the lowest possible portfolio variance that is attainable for a given Minimum-variance portfolioThe portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance. net realizable value approacha method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either noncontrollable variancethe fixed overhead volume variance; Optimization approach to indexingAn approach to indexing which seeks to Optimize some objective, such overhead efficiency variancethe difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted overhead spending variancethe difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual Portfolio varianceWeighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio. Production yield varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted proportions realized value approacha method of accounting for byproducts or scrap that does not recognize any value for these products until they are sold; the value recognized Residual dividend approachAn approach that suggests that a firm pay dividends if and only if acceptable Risk premium approachThe most common approach for tactical asset allocation to determine the relative Selling price varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for Serial covarianceThe covariance between a variable and the lagged value of the variable; the same as Signaling approachapproach to the determination of the optimal capital structure asserting that insiders in a Stratified sampling approach to indexingAn approach in which the index is divided into cells, each total overhead variancethe difference between total actual overhead and total applied overhead; it is the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead total variancethe difference between total actual cost incurred Tracking errorIn an indexing strategy, the difference between the performance of the benchmark and the variable overhead efficiency variancethe difference between budgeted variable overhead based on actual input activity and variable overhead applied to production variable overhead spending variancethe difference between total actual variable overhead and the budgeted amount of variable overhead based on actual input activity VarianceA measure of dispersion of a set of data points around their mean value. The mathematical VarianceThe weighted average of the squared deviations from the variancea difference between an actual and a standard or VarianceThe dispersion of a variable. The square of the standard deviation. varianceAverage value of squared deviations from mean. A measure of volatility. Variance analysisA method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved. variance analysisthe process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences Variance ruleSpecifies the permitted minimum or maximum quantity of securities that can be delivered to volume variancea fixed overhead variance that represents
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