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interest tax shield |
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Definition of interest tax shieldinterest tax shieldtax savings resulting from deductibility of interest payments. Interest tax shieldThe reduction in income taxes that results from the tax-deductibility of interest payments.
Related Terms:trade-off theoryDebt levels are chosen to balance interest tax shields against the costs of financial distress. Accrued interestThe accumulated coupon interest earned but not yet paid to the seller of a bond by the Accrued InterestThe amount of interest accumulated on a debt security between Accrued InterestThe amount of interest owing but not paid. After-tax profit marginThe ratio of net income to net sales. After-tax real rate of returnMoney after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate. Amortizing interest rate swapSwap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates Asymmetric taxesA situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates. Average tax ratetaxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income. average tax rateTotal taxes owed divided by total income. Base interest rateRelated: Benchmark interest rate. Before-tax profit marginThe ratio of net income before taxes to net sales. Benchmark interest rateAlso called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will Best-interests-of-creditors testThe requirement that a claim holder voting against a plan of reorganization Break-even tax rateThe tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering Capitalized interestinterest that is not immediately expensed, but rather is considered as an asset and is then Capitalized Interestinterest incurred during the construction period on monies invested in Cash flow after interest and taxesNet income plus depreciation. Compound interestinterest paid on previously earned interest as well as on the principal. Compound Interestinterest paid on principal and on interest earned in previous compound interesta method of determining interest in which interest that was earned in prior periods is added to the original investment so that, in each successive period, interest is earned on both principal and interest compound interestinterest earned on interest. Compound Interestinterest earned on an investment at periodic intervals and added to principal and previous interest earned. Each time new interest earned is calculated it is on a combined total of principal and previous interest earned. Essentially, interest is paid on top of interest. Corporate tax viewThe argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes Corporate taxable equivalentRate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to Covered interest arbitrageA portfolio manager invests dollars in an instrument denominated in a foreign Current Income Tax ExpenseThat portion of the total income tax provision that is based on Current Tax Payment Act of 1943A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay. Daily Interest AccumulationAccount in which interest is accrued daily and credited to the account at the end of a specified time. Deferred Income Tax ExpenseThat portion of the total income tax provision that is the result Deferred Tax AssetFuture tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference Deferred Tax LiabilityFuture tax obligation that results from the origination of a temporary Deferred taxesA non-cash expense that provides a source of free cash flow. Amount allocated during the Depreciation tax shieldThe value of the tax write-off on depreciation of plant and equipment. depreciation tax shieldReduction in taxes attributable to the depreciation allowance. Double-tax agreementAgreement between two countries that taxes paid abroad can be offset against earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)A measure of profit that Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)The operating profit before deducting interest and tax. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization. Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)An earningsbased measure that, for many, serves as a surrogate for cash flow. Actually consists of working EBDDT - Earnings before depreciation and deferred taxesThis measure is used principally by Effective annual interest rateAn annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of effective annual interest rateinterest rate that is annualized using compound interest. Effective Interest RateThe rate of interest actually earned on an investment. It is Effective Tax RateThe total tax provision divided by pretax book income from continuing Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)An electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government. Equilibrium rate of interestThe interest rate that clears the market. Also called the market-clearing interest Equivalent taxable yieldThe yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)A federal Act requiring employers to pay a tax on the wages paid to their employees, which is then used to create a Fixed Interest RateA rate that does not fluctuate with general market conditions. Floating Interest RateA rate that fluctuates with general market condition. Foreign tax creditHome country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign Forward interest rateinterest rate fixed today on a loan to be made at some future date. fractional interest discountthe combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the ADF, Gordon model, or present value factor. Gross interestinterest earned before taxes are deducted. Guaranteed Interest Annuity (GIA)interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term. Guaranteed Interest Certificate (GIC)interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term. Imputation tax systemArrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for INCOME TAXWhat the business paid to the IRS. Income taxA government tax on the income earned by an individual or corporation. Income Tax ExpenseSee income tax provision. Income Tax ProvisionThe expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the Indirect Taxestaxes paid by consumers when they buy goods and services. A sales tax is an example. Inflation TaxThe loss in purchasing power due to inflation eroding the real value of financial assets such as cash. Insurable InterestIn England in the 1700's it was popular to bet on the date of death of certain prominent public figures. Anyone could buy life insurance on another's life, even without their consent. Unfortunately, some died before it was their time, dispatched prematurely in order that the life insurance proceeds could be collected. In 1774, English Parliament passed a law which restricted the right to be a beneficiary on a life insurance contract to those who would suffer an economic loss when the life insured died. The law also provided that a person has an unlimited insurable interest in his own life. It is still a legal stipulation that an insurance contract is not valid unless insurable interest exists at the time the policy is issued. Life Insurance companies will not, however, issue unlimited amounts of coverage to an individual. The amount of life insurance which will be approved has to approximate the loss caused by the death of the individual and must not result in a windfall for the beneficiary. InterestThe price paid for borrowing money. It is expressed as a percentage rate over a period of time and InterestThe cost of money, received on investments or paid on borrowings. InterestThe cost of funds loaned to an entity. It can also refer to the equity ownership InterestA charge for the use of money supplied by a lender. interestThe cost of a loan or the compensation paid for the use of money. For example, you are paid interest for deposits you make into a savings account, and you pay interest for money that you borrow from a low-cost borrowing account. Interest coverage ratioThe ratio of the earnings before interest and taxes to the annual interest expense. This Interest coverage testA debt limitation that prohibits the issuance of additional long-term debt if the issuer's Interest equalization taxtax on foreign investment by residents of the U.S. which was abolished in 1974. Interest FactorNumbers found in compound interest and annuity tables. Usually called the FVIF or PVIF. Interest incomeIncome that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies. Interest on interestinterest earned on reinvestment of each interest payment on money invested. Interest-only strip (IO)A security based solely on the interest payments form a pool of mortgages, Treasury Interest OptionOne of several investment accounts in which your premiums may be invested within your life insurance policy. Interest payableThe amount of interest that is owed but has not been paid at the end of a period. Interest paymentsContractual debt payments based on the coupon rate of interest and the principal amount. Interest RateCost of using money, expressed as a rate per period of time, usually one year. Interest RateRate charged or paid for the use of money, normally expressed as a percentage Interest rate agreementAn agreement whereby one party, for an upfront premium, agrees to compensate the Interest rate capAlso called an interest rate ceiling, an interest rate agreement in which payments are made Interest rate ceilingRelated: interest rate cap. Interest Rate DifferentialThe interest rate on our financial assets minus the interest rate on a foreign country's financial assets. Interest rate floorAn interest rate agreement in which payments are made when the reference rate falls Interest Rate, NominalPayment for the use of borrowed funds, measured as a percentage per year of these funds. Interest rate on debtThe firm's cost of debt capital. interest rate parityTheory that forward premium equals interest rate differential. Interest Rate ParityTheory that real interest rates are approximately the same across countries except for a risk premium. Interest rate parity theoreminterest rate differential between two countries is equal to the difference Interest Rate, RealNominal interest rate less expected inflation. Interest rate riskThe risk that a security's value changes due to a change in interest rates. For example, a Interest Rate RiskPossibility that interest rates will rise during the term of a loan thereby increasing the annual cost of borrowing. Interest rate swapA binding agreement between counterparties to exchange periodic interest payments on Interest subsidyA firm's deduction of the interest payments on its debt from its earnings before it calculates
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