|interest tax shield|
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Definition of interest tax shield
interest tax shield
tax savings resulting from deductibility of interest payments.
Interest tax shield
The reduction in income taxes that results from the tax-deductibility of interest payments.
Debt levels are chosen to balance interest tax shields against the costs of financial distress.
The accumulated coupon interest earned but not yet paid to the seller of a bond by the
The amount of interest accumulated on a debt security between
The amount of interest owing but not paid.
The ratio of net income to net sales.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
A situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates.
taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
The requirement that a claim holder voting against a plan of reorganization
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
interest that is not immediately expensed, but rather is considered as an asset and is then
interest incurred during the construction period on monies invested in
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
interest paid on previously earned interest as well as on the principal.
interest paid on principal and on interest earned in previous
a method of determining interest in which interest that was earned in prior periods is added to the original investment so that, in each successive period, interest is earned on both principal and interest
interest earned on interest.
interest earned on an investment at periodic intervals and added to principal and previous interest earned. Each time new interest earned is calculated it is on a combined total of principal and previous interest earned. Essentially, interest is paid on top of interest.
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
Rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
Covered interest arbitrage
A portfolio manager invests dollars in an instrument denominated in a foreign
Current Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
Daily Interest Accumulation
Account in which interest is accrued daily and credited to the account at the end of a specified time.
Deferred Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
Deferred Tax Liability
Future tax obligation that results from the origination of a temporary
A non-cash expense that provides a source of free cash flow. Amount allocated during the
Depreciation tax shield
The value of the tax write-off on depreciation of plant and equipment.
depreciation tax shield
Reduction in taxes attributable to the depreciation allowance.
Agreement between two countries that taxes paid abroad can be offset against
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
The operating profit before deducting interest and tax.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.
Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)
An earningsbased measure that, for many, serves as a surrogate for cash flow. Actually consists of working
EBDDT - Earnings before depreciation and deferred taxes
This measure is used principally by
Effective annual interest rate
An annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of
effective annual interest rate
interest rate that is annualized using compound interest.
Effective Interest Rate
The rate of interest actually earned on an investment. It is
Effective Tax Rate
The total tax provision divided by pretax book income from continuing
Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)
An electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government.
Equilibrium rate of interest
The interest rate that clears the market. Also called the market-clearing interest
Equivalent taxable yield
The yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax
Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)
A federal Act requiring employers to pay a tax on the wages paid to their employees, which is then used to create a
Fixed Interest Rate
A rate that does not fluctuate with general market conditions.
Floating Interest Rate
A rate that fluctuates with general market condition.
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
Forward interest rate
interest rate fixed today on a loan to be made at some future date.
fractional interest discount
the combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the ADF, Gordon model, or present value factor.
interest earned before taxes are deducted.
Guaranteed Interest Annuity (GIA)
interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term.
Guaranteed Interest Certificate (GIC)
interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term.
Imputation tax system
Arrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for
What the business paid to the IRS.
A government tax on the income earned by an individual or corporation.
Income Tax Expense
See income tax provision.
Income Tax Provision
The expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the
taxes paid by consumers when they buy goods and services. A sales tax is an example.
The loss in purchasing power due to inflation eroding the real value of financial assets such as cash.
In England in the 1700's it was popular to bet on the date of death of certain prominent public figures. Anyone could buy life insurance on another's life, even without their consent. Unfortunately, some died before it was their time, dispatched prematurely in order that the life insurance proceeds could be collected. In 1774, English Parliament passed a law which restricted the right to be a beneficiary on a life insurance contract to those who would suffer an economic loss when the life insured died. The law also provided that a person has an unlimited insurable interest in his own life. It is still a legal stipulation that an insurance contract is not valid unless insurable interest exists at the time the policy is issued. Life Insurance companies will not, however, issue unlimited amounts of coverage to an individual. The amount of life insurance which will be approved has to approximate the loss caused by the death of the individual and must not result in a windfall for the beneficiary.
The price paid for borrowing money. It is expressed as a percentage rate over a period of time and
The cost of money, received on investments or paid on borrowings.
The cost of funds loaned to an entity. It can also refer to the equity ownership
A charge for the use of money supplied by a lender.
The cost of a loan or the compensation paid for the use of money. For example, you are paid interest for deposits you make into a savings account, and you pay interest for money that you borrow from a low-cost borrowing account.
Interest coverage ratio
The ratio of the earnings before interest and taxes to the annual interest expense. This
Interest coverage test
A debt limitation that prohibits the issuance of additional long-term debt if the issuer's
Interest equalization tax
tax on foreign investment by residents of the U.S. which was abolished in 1974.
Numbers found in compound interest and annuity tables. Usually called the FVIF or PVIF.
Income that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies.
Interest on interest
interest earned on reinvestment of each interest payment on money invested.
Interest-only strip (IO)
A security based solely on the interest payments form a pool of mortgages, Treasury
One of several investment accounts in which your premiums may be invested within your life insurance policy.
The amount of interest that is owed but has not been paid at the end of a period.
Contractual debt payments based on the coupon rate of interest and the principal amount.
Cost of using money, expressed as a rate per period of time, usually one year.
Rate charged or paid for the use of money, normally expressed as a percentage
Interest rate agreement
An agreement whereby one party, for an upfront premium, agrees to compensate the
Interest rate cap
Also called an interest rate ceiling, an interest rate agreement in which payments are made
Interest rate ceiling
Related: interest rate cap.
Interest Rate Differential
The interest rate on our financial assets minus the interest rate on a foreign country's financial assets.
Interest rate floor
An interest rate agreement in which payments are made when the reference rate falls
Interest Rate, Nominal
Payment for the use of borrowed funds, measured as a percentage per year of these funds.
Interest rate on debt
The firm's cost of debt capital.
interest rate parity
Theory that forward premium equals interest rate differential.
Interest Rate Parity
Theory that real interest rates are approximately the same across countries except for a risk premium.
Interest rate parity theorem
interest rate differential between two countries is equal to the difference
Interest Rate, Real
Nominal interest rate less expected inflation.
Interest rate risk
The risk that a security's value changes due to a change in interest rates. For example, a
Interest Rate Risk
Possibility that interest rates will rise during the term of a loan thereby increasing the annual cost of borrowing.
Interest rate swap
A binding agreement between counterparties to exchange periodic interest payments on
A firm's deduction of the interest payments on its debt from its earnings before it calculates
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